109th Regiment, New York Infantry

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Brief History[edit | edit source]

The 109th Regiment was organized at Binghamton, Broome County and mustered in August 27, 1862.[1]They were mustered in under Colone Benjamin Tracy, Lieutenant Colonel Isaac S. Chatlin and Major Philo B. Stilson. This regiment was also known as the Binghamton Regiment or Railway Brigade.[2] It moved to Washington, D. C., April 22-27,1865 and did duty there until June, 1865. Mustered out June 4, 1865 at the Delaney House in Washington, D.C.[3] Veterans and Recruits transferred to 51st New York Infantry.

For more information on the history of this unit, see:

The New York State Military Museum website has a unit history project page for the 109th Infantry Regiment, also known as Seward Infantry.

The Civil War in the East website gives a timeline for the involvement of 109th New York Infantry Regiment in the war.

Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin[edit | edit source]

Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.

See the Regiment Roster, for listing of individuals, their company and their involvement.

Company A - principally recruited from Newfield, Caroline and Danby, all of Tompkins County

Company B - principally recruited from Candor, Richford, Newark, Berkshire, Owego, all of Tioga County and Caroline, Tompkins County

Company C - principally recruited from Owego and Candor, Tioga County

Company D - principally recruited from Binghamton, Broome County

Company E - principally recruited Binghamton, Chenango and Sanford, all of Broome County

Company F - principally recruited from Dryden and Groton, Tompkins County

Company G - principally recruited from Trumansburg, Enfield, Lansing, Jacksonville and Ulysses, all of Tompkins County

Company H - principally recruited from Owego, Tioga County and Binghamton, Broome County

Company I - principally recruited from Smithsboro, Tioga Center, Waverly and Spencer, all of Tioga County

Company K - principally recruited from Nichols, Candor and Owego, all of Tioga County

Source Material[edit | edit source]

  • Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in ‘New York in the Civil War’ and ‘United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865’ (see below).
  • National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
  • New York in the Civil War describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for New York, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
  • United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
  • The Union Army : a History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States, 1861-65, Records of the Regiments in the Union Army, Cyclopedia of Battles, Memoirs of Commanders and Soldiers, Reprint of original published: Madison, WI.: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. Other libraries with this book,FHL Collection FHL book 973 M2ua

Footnotes[edit | edit source]

  1. Frederick Henry Dyer, A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, (Des Moines, Iowa: Dyer Publishing Co., 1908), as cited at Civil War Soldiers & Sailors System (database on-line) at https://www.nps.gov/civilwar/soldiers-and-sailors-database.htm (accessed 2010).
  2. New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs. "Unit History Project : 109th Infantry Regiment” in New York State Military Museum and Veterans Research Center at http://dmna.state.ny.us/historic/reghist/civil/infantry/109thInf/109thInfMain.htm (accessed 8 December 2010) citing Frederick Phisterer, New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. (Albany, N.Y.: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912).
  3. Hawks, Steve.The Civil War in the East. Database. http://www.civilwarintheeast.com/USA/NY/NY108.php (accessed 8 December 2010)