16th Regiment, Missouri Cavalry (Union)

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Brief History[edit | edit source]

The 16th Regiment, Missouri Cavalry was organized at Springfield, Missouri, November 1, 1863, from the 6th Regiment Enrolled Militia. It was attached to the District of Southwest Missouri, Department Missouri, to April, 1865, and to the District of North Missouri, Department Missouri, to July, 1865.[1]

Another source gives the following. The 16th Regiment, Missouri Cavalry was enrolled between 1 November 1863 and 13 August 1864. They were mustered between 31 July 1864 and 7 September 1864. The Regiment was discharged between 1 July 1865 and 6 July 1865. The Majors in charge were Roswell K. Hart, James L. Rush, and John Small.[2]

For more information on the history of this unit, see:

Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin[edit | edit source]

Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles,companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.

Company A - Captain Robert M. Hayter - Yellville, Marion, Missouri.

Company B - Captain John A. Salle - Springfield, Greene, Missouri.

Company C - Captain Jackson Ball - Ozark, Missouri.

Company D - Captain Robert S. Butts - Marshfield, Webster, Missouri.

Company E - Captains Samuel W. Headlee and James H. Bryant - Fairgrove, Greene, Missouri.

Company F - Captains Thomas M. Alsup and Franklin A. Minor -  Springfield, Greene, Missouri.

Company G - Captain Samuel Turner - Hartville, Wright, Missouri.

Company H - Captain William F. McCullough (McCulah) - Ozark, Missouri

Company I - Captain Morgan Kelly - Buffalo, Dallas, Missouri.

Company K - Captain William Monks - Rolla, Phelps, Missouri.

Company L - Captain Charles W. Rubey -Lebanon, Laclede, Missouri.

Company M - Captain George W. Taylor -Springfield, Greene, Missouri.

The above information about the companies with partial rosters is found in Kenneth E. Weant's book, Civil War Records Union Troops Missouri Volunteer Calvary, Volume 5[2]

Other Sources[edit | edit source]

  • Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier or sailor. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in 'Missouri in the Civil War' and 'United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865' (see below).
  • National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
  • Missouri in the Civil War describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for Missouri, and how to find them. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
  • United States Civil War 1861 to 1865, Part 1 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, (accessed 6 December 2010).
  2. 2.0 2.1 Kenneth E. Weant, Civil War Records: Union Troops Missouri Volunteer Calvary, Volume 5 (Arlington, Texas: K.E. Weant, c2007), pages #69-82. FHL book 977.8 M2wkc v.5