19th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry
Brief History[edit | edit source]
The 19th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry, originally called the 19th Regiment, South Carolina State Troops, was organized during the winter of 1861-1862. It moved to Mississippi, then to Kentucky where it saw action at Munfordsville. From September 1863 to April 1864, it was consolidated with the 10th Regiment. It served with the Army of Tennessee from Murfreesboro to Atlanta, fought with Hood in Tennessee, and was active in the North Carolina operations. In April 1865 the 19th and the 10th Regiments were re-consolidated to form Walker's Battalion, South Carolina Infantry. Walker's Battalion surrendered near High Point, North Carolina on April 26, 1865 with the Army of Tennessee. 
Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin[edit | edit source]
Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.
A Company - many men from Edgefield District (County)
B Company - (also known as the Lamar Guards), many men from Edgefield District (County)
D Company -many men from Edgefield District (County), a few men from Newberry District(County), Chester District (County), Sumter District (County), Union District (County) and Fairfield District (County)
E Company - many men from Sumter District (County)
F Company - many men from Edgefield District (County), Bethel Church area.
G Company - many men from Abbeville District (County)
H Company - many men from Abbeville District (County)
I Company - many men from Abbeville District (County)
K Company - many men from Edgefield District (County), Graniteville area
Company nicknames and counties of origin taken from Seigler's book.
[edit | edit source]
- Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System can be searched by soldier's name or by regiment; includes regimental rosters and additional history of the regiment. This site uses Joseph H. Crute's book, Units of the Confederate States Army as their main source for the regiment history.FHL book 973 M2crua, WorldCat.
- Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of South Carolina. Microfilm publication M267. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Services, 1958. These records have been indexed and digitized and are available at Footnote.com (A subscription website, but is available for use at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers). It has digital Civil War soldier service records and brief regiment histories (located at the bottom of some of the muster rolls). (Accessed December 2010)
- 19th South Carolina Volunteers, (accessed 13 Apr 2011). - Lists field officers, brief history and the Captains of each company.
- Hewett, Janet B., ed. Supplement to the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Pub. Co., c1994-2001. FHL book 973 M29u ser. 1 supp. pt. 2 v. 64 and 65. Lists officers, companies, some nicknames for the companies and dates involving the company and places where they were stationed. Locate this book at other libraries. This book lists 10 companies, A-K and functioned as a unit from December 1861 to 1864.
- Seigler, Robert S. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008. FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 2. This book has an overview about the creation of the military units for service during the Civil War. There are four volumes which are divided into areas of the State. There is information about the different military units including dates of organization and service, company officers, battle engagements, company names and places of origin, and a few pictures. This book is also available through other libraries.
References[edit | edit source]
- National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (accessed 4 January 2011).
- Robert S. Seigler. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. (Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008.), v. 2, p 237-252.FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 2. The book goes into greater detail about the companies and the different military units they served in. Also the book may give more information about the different units this Battalion served with