Augusta, Kennebec County, Maine Genealogy
Brief History[edit | edit source]
As early as 1607, the area was explored by English settlers from the short-lived Sagadahoc or Popham Colony at the river’s mouth. Representatives of Plymouth Colony were the first English to actually live here. In 1625, on a river expedition to find a place to trade agricultural products for Indian furs, Plymouth pilgrims chose the east shore for their "House at Kennebeck." The post, probably built in 1628, was operated by the original traders and, later, by Plymouth Company with varying degrees of success, until it was abandoned sometime between 1669 and 1676.
After years of conflict involving the French, Indians, and English and several decades during which Kennebec settlements were deserted, the Kennebec Proprietors, successors to the Plymouth Company, erected Fort Western near the Cushnoc site. Located below the falls at the head of navigation, the fort was intended as a supply depot for Fort Halifax , 17 miles upriver. The proprietors also initiated efforts to settle the region. When military staffing was no longer needed, Captain James Howard, who had commanded the fort, stayed on as the first permanent settler. The fort’s main building served as a residence and a store.
The village called "the Fort" was the upriver part of the town incorporated as Hallowell in 1771. In February 1796, the Fort residents petitioned the Massachusetts Legislature for permission to build the first Kennebec bridge. Although "the Hook," as the lower Hallowell village was called, wanted the bridge on its shore, the Fort request was granted. The following February, in 1797, the legislature approved the separation of the Fort from Hallowell. Incorporated first as Harrington, the new town changed its name to Augusta on June 9, 1797.
In 1799, Augusta became the shire town of the newly formed Kennebec County. In 1827, the town was designated the capital of Maine, which had entered the union in 1820 as the 23rd state. The Maine Legislature met here for the first time in January 1832. Augusta was chartered as a city in 1849.
Additional data on Augusta, Maine can be found in WikiPedia: the Free Encyclopedia.
Cemeteries[edit | edit source]
Church Records[edit | edit source]
Historically, the largest religious groups in Maine were the Congregational, Baptist, Roman Catholic, and Methodist churches. For general information about Maine denominations, view the Maine Church Records wiki page.
To see the churches in Augusta, visit FamilySearch Places.
Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. The following are church records available online for the town of Augusta:
City Directories[edit | edit source]
Land Records[edit | edit source]
The following are online land records for the town of Augusta:
Libraries and Historical Societies[edit | edit source]
Maps[edit | edit source]
The following are online maps of the town of Augusta:
Newspapers[edit | edit source]
Probate Records[edit | edit source]
In Maine, most probate records are kept at the town level. The following are online probate records for the town of Augusta:
Town Histories[edit | edit source]
Town Records[edit | edit source]
In Maine, most records are kept at the town level and generally began being kept at the founding of the town. These records may include the following:
- Cemetery records
- Estrays (stray animals)
- Freemens' oaths (men eligible to vote)
- Land records
- Name changes
- Care of the poor
- School records
- Tax lists
- Town meeting minutes
- Voter registrations
- Warning outs (of town)
The following are Augusta town records available online:
Town Clerk[edit | edit source]
The town clerk is responsible for these records, and so most originals can be found at the town clerk's office.
City of Augusta Clerk
City Center Plaza
16 Cony Street
Augusta, ME 04330
phone (207) 626-2310
Augusta City Website
Vital Records[edit | edit source]
Births[edit | edit source]
Marriages[edit | edit source]
Deaths[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]