Bhutan Languages

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Description[edit | edit source]

The national language is Dzongkha (Bhutanese), one of 53 languages in the Tibetan language family. The script, locally called Chhokey (literally, "Dharma language"), is identical to classical Tibetan.

In Bhutan's education system, English is the medium of instruction, while Dzongkha is taught as the national language. [1]

  • Dzongkha - (also known as Bhutanese) Sino-Tibetan language spoken by over half a million people in Bhutan; it is the country's sole official and national language.[3] The Tibetan script is used to write Dzongkha. [2]

There are two dozen other languages of Bhutan, all members of the Tibeto-Burman language family except for Nepali. [3]

Word List(s)[edit | edit source]

Alphabet and Pronunciation[edit | edit source]

Alphabet
The Tibetan script used to write Dzongkha has thirty basic letters, sometimes known as "radicals", for consonants. The Bhutanese government adopted a transcription system known as Roman Dzongkha in 1991.[4]

Pronunciation

Language Aids and Dictionaries[edit | edit source]

Dictionaries

  • Jamkhar Karma Drupchu, Pocket pictorial Dzongkha dictionary, Thimpu : DSB Publication, 2013 - Available at WorldCat
  • Kun-bzaṅ-phrin-las, Advanced Dzongkha dictionary, Thim-phu : Ke-aem-kri dpe skrun khaṅ, 2002 - Available at WorldCat
  • Kun-bzang-phrin-las & Bstan-vdzin-dbang-vdus, English-Dzongkha dictionary, Thimphu KMT 2000 - Available at WorldCat

Online Dictionaries

Language Aids

Additional Resources[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Bhutan," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bhutan#Languages, accessed 11 Aug 2021.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Dzongkha," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dzongkha, accessed 11 Aug 2021.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Languages of Bhutan," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, There are two dozen languages of Bhutan, accessed 11 Aug 2021.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Dzongkha," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dzongkha#:~:text=Writing%20system, accessed 11 Aug 2021.