Bois Fort Indian Reservation (Minnesota)
|Native American Topics|
|Bureau of Indian Affairs|
The Bois Fort Reservation is a federally-recognized reservation in Minnesota.
- Established -- 7 August 1866
- Agency (BIA) --
- Principal tribes -- Bois Fort Band of Chippewa
- Population -- 2010 is 613
History[edit | edit source]
The Bois Fort Reservation was established by Treaty of Apr. 7,1866 (XIV, 765) and an act of Jan. 14,1889 (XXV, 642). Bois Forte (Nett Lake) Reservation, has links to Red Lake Reservation. The Lac Du Bois Chippewas of Red Lake Reservation, are probably the same Chippewas from Bois Forte Reservation. The Reservation is probably a part of the 11 million acre (17,187 sq. mi. or 44,515 sq. km.) Little Shell Pembina Chippewa Reservation.
There are 3 different sections which make up Bois Forte. One is located around Nett Lake, Lake Vermillion and Dry Creek. Both Nett Lake and Lake Vermillion, have Chippewa populations, while Dry Creek is not being utilized at this time by Reservation leaders.
In 1901, the Indian population of Nett Lake Reservation or Bois Forte Reservation, was 771. In 1930, the Indian population of the Nett Lake Reservation was 627. According to the 2010 census, the Indian population of Bois Forte Reservation or Nett Lake Reservation, was 613 (when including mixed bloods it's 638). An exact cause to why this Chippewa Reservation is not gaining a significant Indian population is not known.
After the short conflict, many of the Bois Forte Chippewa's were probably relocated to Red Lake Reservation. The Indian Reorganization Act may be responsible for the the decreasing American Indian population at Bois Forte Reservation. One of the goals of the Indian Reorganization Act was to relocate Native American Indians from reservations, to white communities. 
References[edit | edit source]
- "Minnesota Indian Reservations," Handbook of Indians North of Mexico, by Frederick Webb Hodge Available online. There are only two communities within the Bois Forte (Nett Lake) reservation.fckLRfckLR== Records ==fckLRfckLRLand Records: Allotted Land: 55,211 acres <ref>Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30, 1906.
Bibliography[edit | edit source]
- Confederation of American Indians. Indian Reservations: A State and Federal Handbook. Jefferson, North Caroline: McFarland & Co., c1986. WorldCat 14098308; FHL book 970.1 In2.
- Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30, 1906. This publication lists the 22 states which had reservations in 1908. Available online.
- Kappler, Charles J. Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties. Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office, 1902. 7 volumes. WorldCat 74490963; FHL book 970.1 K142i. Available online.
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- Prucha, Francis Paul. Guide to the Military Posts of the United States, 1789-1895. Madison, Wisconsin: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, c1964. WorldCat 522839; FHL book 973 M2pf.
- Schmeckebier, Laurance F. The Office of Indian Affairs: Its History, Activities, and Organization. Service Monographs of the United States Government; no. 48. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1927. Reprint. New York: AMS Press, 1972. WorldCat 257893; FHL book 973 B4b v. 48.
- Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
- Volume 1 -- Not yet published
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- Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
- Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
- Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
- Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
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- Volume 16 -- Not yet published
- Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
- Volume 18 -- Not yet published
- Volume 19 -- Not yet published
- Volume 20 -- Not yet published
- Tiller, Veronica E. Velarde. American Indian Reservations and Trust Areas. [Washington, DC]: Economic Development Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, 1996. WorldCat 35209517; FHL book 970.1 T463a.
- United States Department of Commerce, Frederick B. Dent, Secretary. Federal and State Reservations and Trust Areas. 1974. FHL book 970.1 Un3fe/1974.
- United States Department of the Interior. Executive Orders Relating to Indian Reservations. Washington: [United States] Government Printing Office, 1912 (v. 1), 1922 (v. 2). Vol. 1 – May 14, 1855 to July 1, 1912. Vol. 2 – July 1, 1912 to July 1, 1922. FHL film 1440543 Items 8-9.
- United States Federal and State Indian Reservations, Map. Available online.
- Waldman, Carl. Atlas of the North American Indian. New York: Facts on File, 2009. 3rd ed. WorldCat 244771132; FHL book 970.1 W146a 2009.
- Waldman, Carl. Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. WorldCat 14718193; FHL book 970.1 W146e 2006.