|Botswana Wiki Topics|
|Local Research Resources|
Description[edit | edit source]
The official languages of Botswana are English and Tswana.
- English - Inherited from colonial rule and is used for official business and most written communication.
- Tswana - The language of the Tswana people—Setswana—is a country's national language, and is spoken by most of the population. 
- In Setswana, prefixes are more important than they are in many other languages, since Setswana is a Bantu language and has noun classes denoted by these prefixes. They include:
- Bo, which refers to the country
- Ba, which refers to the people,
- Mo, which is one person, and
- Se which is the language.
For example, the main ethnic group of Botswana is the Tswana people, hence the name Botswana for its country. The people as a whole are Batswana, one person is a Motswana, and the language they speak is Setswana.
Over 20 smaller languages are also spoken. Some of the country's languages are in danger of becoming extinct. Here is a list of the languages in Botswana: 
Word List(s)[edit | edit source]
Alphabet and Pronunciation[edit | edit source]
Language Aids and Dictionaries[edit | edit source]
- Dictionary Tswana - English
- Dictionary between Setswana (Tswana) and English Translation Online
- An Introduction to the Setswana Language
Additional Resources[edit | edit source]
- The sound system of Setswana
- Setswana-English phrasebook
- Conversational Setswana
- Puisanyo ya sekgowa le Setswana : with a short introduction to grammar and a vocabulary
References[edit | edit source]
- Wikipedia contributors, "Tswana language," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tswana_language, accessed 5 April 2021.
- Wikipedia contributors, "Languages of Botswana," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languages_of_Botswana, accessed 5 April 2021.