Canada in the War of 1812
Online Resources[edit | edit source]
- 1713-1882 UK, Royal Hospital, Chelsea: Regimental Registers of Pensioners, 1713-1882 at Ancestry - index and images ($)
- 1757-1836 Canada Navy Ship Muster Roll at Ancestry; index & images ($)
- 1776-1881 UK, Pension Applications For Widows and Family of Military Officers, 1776-1881 at Ancestry - index and images ($)
- 1795-1850 Canada Muster Rolls at Ancestry; index & images ($)
- 1803-1815 Canada Prisoners of War at Ancestry; index & images ($)
- 1812 War of 1812: Upper Canada Returns, Nominal Rolls and Paylists, RG 9 1B7, digitized images.
- 1812-1813 The building of Perry's fleet on Lake Erie, 1812-1813 ($)
- 1812-1815 War of 1812 at Library and Archives of Canada - index
- 1812-1963 Military Medals, Honour and Awards, 1812-1969 at Library and Archives of Canada - index
- British military and naval records (RG 8, C series) - Introduction and index at Library and Archives of Canada - alpha index and images
- War of 1812 Casualty Database, Canadian and British Regiments, is searchable by name, rank, regiment, company officer, county, previous occupation, manner of death, place of event. Regiments are still being added.
History[edit | edit source]
The War of 1812 between Britain and the United States confirmed the separate existence of the United States and the future Canada. It formally began on June 18, 1812. To end the war, the treaty of Ghent was signed 24 December 1814.
- Sweeney, Alastair, Fire Along the Frontier Web Resources shows Canadian and American view points and information through Timelines, Videos, Battles, Characters, Print References, Maps, Google Books, and Websites.
- Canada and the War of 1812, by Tony Brown on The Royal Philatelatelic Society of Canada (RPSC) Web site.
- The Historica-Dominion Institute, The Royal Canadian Geographical Society and Parks Canada. War of 1812 has a timeline, learning resources, video game, and many short videos about the war.
- The War of 1812 Website has brief histories of the war, the battles, forts, historic sites, various regiments, and much more.
- Causes and events of the War of 1812: a Timeline - includes political events, military events, and military events in Europe.
- History Central, War of 1812, has information about the major battles of the war, plus a list of related web sites and a bibliography of books.
- The War of 1812 Website has a great deal of information about many aspects of the war, including short histories of the military units, events, clothing, battles, etc.
- Canada and The War of 1812 gives a short history of the war.
Canada Military Units[edit | edit source]
The military units that fought for Canada included many men enrolled in local militia units. British regular Army regiments with men from England, Scotland, Wales, and Ireland also fought.
The Wikipedia article, Canadian units of the War of 1812, lists the types of Canadian units as well as many specific regiments or other units.
Provinces[edit | edit source]
The provinces that furnished men for the military were Upper Canada (Ontario), Lower Canada (Quebec), Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, and New Brunswick.
- The War of 1812, Archives of Ontario, has brief histories of battlegrounds, a chronology of the war, brief biographies of important figures, etc.
- Livingston, Edwin A: 2nd regiment of Leeds militia, 1814 (Prescott, Ontario: Edwin A Livingston) pages 8 FHL Book 971.373 M2
- Lucas, C.P.: The Canadian war of 1812 (Salt Lake city, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, c1988), 8 leaves. FHL Film 1320684 Item 7
For additional information, see the following Wikipedia articles:
- Ontario, Upper Canada, section on the War of 1812 (1812-1815)
- Nova Scotia, section on 19th century
Ethnic Groups[edit | edit source]
The First Nations were instrumental in many important Canadian victories including Michilimackinac, Detroit, Queenston Heights, Beaver Dams, Chateauguay and Crysler’s Farm.
Many Black volunteers fought in defense of Canada. They worried that the Americans would return them to slavery. The “Coloured Corps” fought at Queenston Heights and was partially made up of persons who had escaped slavery in the United States.
Battles[edit | edit source]
- Queenston, Ontario (British victory) 13 October 1812
- Battle of Frenchtown (Historyofwar.org) (British victory) - 22 January 1813 now Monroe, Michigan on the Raisin River
- Battle of Lake Erie (Wikipedia) (United States naval victory) 10 September 1813
- Battle of the Thames (Wikipedia) (Both sides claimed victory) - Moraviantown, on Thames River, Kent County, Ontario 5 October 1813
- Batle of Lundy's Lane (Historycentral.com) (Both sides claimed victory) - about one mile from Niagara Falls 25 July 1814
- Battle of New Orleans (Historycentral.com) (United States victory) (after peace treaty was signed) 8 January 1815
- Campaigns of the War of 1812-1815, against Great Britain, sketched and criticised; with brief biographies of the American engineers, George W. Cullum, FHL Microfilm 1404257
- Paine, Ralph Delahaye, The fight for a free sea: a chronicle of the War of 1812 New Haven Connecticut, Yale University Press, 1920). FHL Book 235 973 H2
Societies[edit | edit source]
- The Loyal and Patriotic Society raised and distributed money for militiamen and their families who faced hardship arising from the war. The amount of money given was based on the level of hardship.
Books[edit | edit source]
- Documents Relating to the Invasion of Canada and the Surrender of Detroit, 1812. c1912. by E.A. Cruikshank. Ottawa, Ontario: Government Printing Bureau. Online at FamilySearch
- General Brock by Lady Edgar. Toronto, Ontario: Morang and Co. Online at FamilySearch
- The Canadian War of 1812 1988. by C.P. Lucas. (Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah). Online at: FamilySearch
Print Only Books
- The Invasion of Canada. c1980. Pierre Berton. Boston, Massachusetts : Little, Brown and Co. Libraries with book, WorldCat; FHL book 971 M2b
- Cruikshank, E. A.: Record of the services of Canadian regiments in the War of 1812: the militia of the Eastern District; the counties of Glengarry, Stormont and Dundas page 69-98 FHL Book 971.3 M2ce
- Grimwood, Paul. Ancaster and the effects of the War of 1812, (Hamilton, Ontario: Ontario Genealogical Society. Hamilton Branch, c2005), 9 leaves. FHL Book 971.352 M2
- Lauber, Wilfred R. An index of Essex and Kent militia records, 1812-1815(Chatham [Ontario}: Ontario Genealogical Society. Kent Branch, 1995), pages 49. FHL Book 971.33 M22
- Lauber, Wilfred R. An index of land claim certificates of Upper Canada militiamen who served in the War of 1812 (Toronto, Ontario: Ontario Genealogical Society, c1995), pages 196. FHL Book 971.3 R 22
- Lauber, Wilfred R. Index of the civilian loss claims for the Western District from the War of 1812-14 (Chatham, [Ontario]; Ontario Genealogical Society, Kent Branch, c1997) 24, 14, 55, 8 p. FHL Book 971.33 M22
- Lepine, Luc: Les officiers de milice du Bas-Canada, 1812-1815 = Lower Canada's militia officers, 1812-1815(Montreal [Quebec]: Societe genealogique canadiene-francaise, c1996), 305 pages. FHL Book 971.4 M2
- Litt, Paul, and Ronald F. Williamson, and Joseph W.A. Whitehorne: Death at Snake Hill: secrets from a War of 1812 cemetery (Toronoto, Ontario: Dundurn Press, c1993), 158 pages. FHL Book 971.338 F1 V3
- Lefebvre, par Jean-Jacques: Quelques officiers de 1812 (Ottawa [Ontario] Societe royale du Canada, c1967), pages 69-136. FHL Book 971.4 M2
- Shea, Iris and Heather Watts: Deadman's: Melville Island & its burial ground pages 111 FHL Book 971.622H2