Carroll County, Missouri Genealogy

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Guide to Carroll County, Missouri ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Carrollton
Organized: January 2, 1833
Parent County(s): Ray[1]
Neighboring Counties
Caldwell  • Chariton  • Lafayette  • Livingston  • Ray  • Saline
See County Maps
Location Map
Missouri Carroll County Map.png
Charles Carroll

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for Charles Carroll of Carrollton. The County is located in the central area of the state. [2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Carroll County Courthouse
Carrollton, MO 64633
Phone: 816-542-0615
Carroll County Website

County Clerk has birth records 1883-1895 and death records 1883-1890.
Clerk of the Circuit Court has divorce and court records from 1833 and naturalization records 1843-1919.
Recorder of Deeds has marriage records and land records from 1833.
Probate Office has probate records.[3]

Carroll County, Missouri Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1883 1833 1883 1883 1833 1833 1830
*Statewide registration started in 1910 for births and deaths. General compliance for births by 1927 and deaths by 1911.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1833 Carroll County was created 2 January 1833 from Ray County.
  • County seat: Carrollton[5]

For animated maps illustrating Missouri county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Missouri County Boundary Maps" (1804-1889) may be viewed for free at the website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places in Carroll County, MO, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator.
The State Historical Society of Missouri has information on historical Missouri place names for all 114 Missouri Counties.
The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Unincorporated communities

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Carroll County, Missouri online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Missouri Cemeteries for more information

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1840 2,423
1850 5,441 124.6%
1860 9,763 79.4%
1870 17,446 78.7%
1880 23,274 33.4%
1890 25,742 10.6%
1900 26,455 2.8%
1910 23,098 −12.7%
1920 20,480 −11.3%
1930 19,940 −2.6%
1940 17,814 −10.7%
1950 15,589 −12.5%
1960 13,847 −11.2%
1970 12,565 −9.3%
1980 12,131 −3.5%
1990 10,748 −11.4%
2000 10,285 −4.3%
2010 9,295 −9.6%
Source: "".

For tips on accessing Carroll County, Missouri Genealogy census records online, see: Missouri Census.

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Missouri denominations, view the Missouri Church Records wiki page.
List of Churches and Church Parishes

St. Mary's, Carrollton

  • 1869-1876 St. Mary's, Carrollton, Baptism Index 1869-1876. Batch C511931 at FamilySearch.
  • 1869-1885 St. Mary's, Carrollton, Marriage Index 1869-1885. Batch M511931 at FamilySearch.

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Missouri Land and Property for information about records of land transfers from the government to private ownership. After that transfer, transactions were usually recorded and are currently housed at the county courthouse.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Carroll County, Missouri Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the Wiki page section Missouri Local Histories.

  • History of Carroll County, Missouri : ... including a history of its townships, cities, towns and villages ... biographical sketches of prominent men and citizens .... St. Louis : Missouri Historical, 1881. Available online at FamilySearch

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Caldwell CountyLivingston CountyLinn CountyChariton CountyRay CountyLafayette CountySaline CountyMO CARROLL.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Online Records


Service men in Carroll County, Missouri served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Carroll County, Missouri:

- 12th Regiment, Missouri Cavalry (Union), Company D
- 12th Regiment, Missouri Cavalry (Union), Company G
- 18th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company F
- 23rd Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company K
- 5th Regiment, Missouri Cavalry - Confederate, Company I
- 3rd Regiment, Missouri Cavalry - Confederate, Company A
- 65th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company B
- 65th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company C
- 65th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company D
- 6th Regiment, Missouri State Militia Cavalry (Union), Company L
- 4th Provisional Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company E
- 65th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company A
- 65th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company E
- 65th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company F

World War II[edit | edit source]

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Probate records include wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information, see United States Probate Records.

In Missouri, probate records have usually been recorded by the clerks of the probate courts, but in some counties the common pleas or circuit courts handled this function. They are frequently indexed.

Online Probate Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Missouri Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths. For additional guidance on researching and using vital records, see United States Vital Records or How to order Missouri Vital Records.

St. Louis and Kansas City recorded births and deaths starting as early as 1850 for deaths and 1870 for births.  The Missouri Department of Health began keeping birth and death records in 1909. County records vary by year and the county. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Missouri Vital Records State Department of Health, the County Clerk's office or order electronically online.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Carroll County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Missouri Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Carroll County. For state-wide library facilities, see Missouri Archives and Libraries.

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Carroll County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Missouri Societies.

  • Carroll County Genealogical Association
    P.O. Box 354
    206 West Washington
    Carrollton, MO 64633
    Phone: 660-542-0183
  • Carroll County Historical Society
    510 North Mason
    Carrollton, MO 64633
    Phone: 660-542-1511 or 660-542-2691

Websites[edit | edit source]

  • Missouri Digital Heritage. Free. digital images of many types of records from institutions across the State
  • MOGenWeb. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
  • USGenWeb Archives. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • FamilySearch Catalog . Free. - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records
  • RootsWeb resources. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • Linkpendium. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • CyndisList. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • StateofUS. Free. family history resources and government records
  • Missouri Genealogy. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Missouri. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Carrollton County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Missouri, accessed 18 Sept 2018.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Missouri. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Carroll County, Missouri. Page 397-407 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 393-397.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Missouri. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Carroll County, Missouri," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, Carroll County Missouri, accessed 10 Sep 2019.
  7. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at