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Clay County, Florida Genealogy

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Guide to Clay County, Florida ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Clay County, Florida
Map of Florida highlighting Clay County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the U.S. highlighting Florida
Location of Florida in the U.S.
Founded December 31, 1858
County Seat Green Cove Springs
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County Information[edit | edit source]

Clay County, Florida Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[1]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1973 1872 1973 1872 1872 1872 1830
*Statewide registration of births and deaths began in 1899. General compliance by 1920.

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Clay County Courthouse
PO Box 698;
Green Cove Springs, FL 32043-0698
Phone: 904.284.6317

Clerk Circuit Court has marriage, probate, court, and land records from 1872
and divorce records from 1859; County Health Department has birth and death
rec from 1973 [2]

History[edit | edit source]

Henry Clay

The county is named after U.S. Speaker of the House Henry Clay (1777-1852).[3]

Clay County was created on December 31, 1858, from a section of Duval County. Its name is in honor of Henry Clay, a famous American statesman, member of the United States Senate from Kentucky, and United States Secretary of State in the 19th century.[4]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

1858--Clay County was created 31 December 1858 from Duval County.
County seat: Green Cove Springs [5]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for Henry Clay, a famous American statesman, member of the United States Senate from Kentucky, and United States Secretary of State in the 19th century. The County Seat is Green Cove Springs and the county was created December 31, 1858.[6]The County is located in the Northeast area of the state.[7]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Florida county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Florida County Boundary Maps" (1821-1997) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

1872 -- Courthouse burned and many records were damaged.
For further information on researching in burned counties, see the following:

Places / Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[8]

Unincorporated communities
  • Bellair
  • Belmore
  • Brewers Landing
  • Camp Echockotee
  • Doctors Inlet
  • Fellowship Park
  • Hibernia
  • Highland
  • Holly Point
  • Hugh
  • Kingsley
  • Kingsley Beach
  • Kingsley Village
  • Lake Geneva
  • Laurel Grove
  • Leno
  • Loch Lommond
  • Magnolia Springs
  • Meadowbrook Terrace
  • Neilhurst
  • North Meadowbrook Terrace
  • Park of the Palms
  • Pass Station
  • Peoria Siding
  • Rattlesnake Bend
  • Rideout
  • Ridgewood
  • Russell
  • Walkill
  • West Tocoi
Census-designated places

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Baker  • Bradford  • Duval  • Putnam  • St. Johns

Resources[edit | edit source]

African American[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Clay, Florida online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Florida Cemeteries for more information

The following web sites may have additional information on Clay County cemeteries.

Census[edit | edit source]

For tips on accessing Clay County, Florida Genealogy census records online, see: Florida Census.

Church[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Florida denominations, view the Florida Church Records wiki page.

Ward and Branch Records of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

  • Doctors Inlet

Court[edit | edit source]

Land[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Florida Land and Property for additional information about early Florida land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Clay County, Florida Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section Florida Local Histories.

History of Clay County, FLGenWeb

Maps[edit | edit source]

Baker CountyDuval CountySt. Johns CountyPutnam CountyBradford CountyAlachua CountyFL CLAY.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Military[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]
World War I[edit | edit source]
World War II[edit | edit source]
Korean War[edit | edit source]
Vietnam War[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Clay County, Florida Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

  • Florida Obituaries - Obituary transcriptions from Florida counties - USGenWeb Obituaries Project

Probate[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Records

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Florida Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Florida Department of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics, Florida State Archives, or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.

Birth Records[edit | edit source]
Death Records[edit | edit source]
Divorce Records[edit | edit source]
Marriage Records[edit | edit source]

Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Clay County, Florida . Page 133-137 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 143-145.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Clay County, Florida. Page 133 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. "Henry Clay," Wikipedia.
  4. Clay County, FLGenWeb, 2011.
  5. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  6. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Clay County, Florida Genealogy and History”, accessed 04/24/2017.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Clay County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Florida 04/24/2017.
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Clay County, Florida," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Florida, accessed 25 September 2018.