Dominica Languages

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Description[edit | edit source]

English is the official language of Dominica and is universally spoken and understood.

In addition, Dominican Creole, an Antillean Creole based on French, is widely spoken. This is due to French migration to the island starting in 1690. A majority French Creole speaking population reside on the island.

Along with Creole, a dialect known as Kokoy (or Cockoy) is spoken. It is a type of pidgin English which is a mix of Leeward Island English Creole and Dominican Creole, and is mainly spoken in the north-eastern villages of Marigot and Wesley. [1]

Kwéyòl , known locally as Patwa, is a sub-variety of Antillean Creole, and like other varieties spoken in the Caribbean, it combines the syntax of African language origins and a vocabulary primarily derived from French. [2]

Word List(s)[edit | edit source]

Alphabet and Pronunciation[edit | edit source]

Alphabet [3]

Créole IPA

Transcription

Standard pronunciation
g g hard G like in Garage
h h use like in Ham
i i Pronounced like "ee" as in see
j ʒ Pronounced as french J.
k k Replaces hard "C", "Qu". K as in Kick
w w W replaces R in some words derived from French, but in Creole, they are two different letters.
s s Replaces the soft "C" and pronounced like "S" in Soft
y j pronounced like "Yuh" as in Yuck
z z Replaces "S" when used between vowels, and pronounced as in Zebra
an ɑ̃ nasalized sound used in French. Does not exist in English
àn an Pronounced as a not nasalized sound with an emphasis on the "N" "ane" in English
ann ɑ̃n an nasalised French "an" with long "n" sound "Pronounced like "anne".
anm ɑ̃m an nasalised French "an" with long "m" sound "Pronounced like "ahmm".
ay aj Pronounced as "eye" in English
in in Never nasalised.
en ɛ̃ Always nasalised
enn   Pronounced as in Garden
on ɔ̃ Sound does not exist in English. It is a nasal on as used in French.
onm ɔ̃m Nasal sound + M.
onn ɔ̃n  Nasal sound + N.
ch ʃ Pronounced as "Sh" in English
a pronounced as a short a as in Cat
b Pronounced as B en English
f Pronounced as F in English
d Pronounced as D in English Like Dog
m Pronounced as M in English Like Man.
n Pronounced as N in English Like Never
Ò Pronounced as "Or" as in More
R Often replaced by W in beginnings of words, but pronounced as Racquet
P Pronounced as in Pea
T Pronounced as in Tea
V Pronounced as in Volcano
W Pronounced as in Water



Numbers [4]

0 Nòt/Zéwo
1 yon
2
3 twa
4 kat
5 senk
6 Sis
7 sèt
8 wit
9 nèf
10 dis
11 wonz
12 douz
13 twèz
14 katòz
15 Kinz\tjenz
16 Sèz
17 disèt
18 dizwit
19 diznèf
20 ven
21 ventéyon
22 venndé
23 venntwa
24 vennkat
25 vennsenk
26 vennsis
27 vennsèt
28 venntwit
29 ventnèf
30 twant
31 twantéyon
32 twantdé
33 twantwa
34 twantkat
35 twantsenk
36 twantsis
37 twantsèt
38 twantwit
39 twantnèf
40 kawant
41 kawantéyon
42 kawantdé
43 kawantwa
44 kawantkat
45 kawantsenk
46 kawantsis
47 kawantsèt
48 kawantwit
49 kawantnèf
50 senkant
51 senkantéyon
52 senkantdé
53 senkantwa
54 senkantkat
55 senkantsenk
56 senkantsis
57 senkantsèt
58 senkantwit
59 senkantnèf
60 swasant
61 swasantéyon
62 swasantdé
63 swasantwa
64 swasantkat
65 swasantsenk
66 swasantsis
67 swasantsèt
68 swasantwit
69 swasantnèf
70 swasantdis
71 swasantwonz
72 swasantdouz
73 swasanttwèz
74 swasantkatòz
75 swasantkenz
76 swasantsèz
77 Swasantdisèt
78 swasantdizwit
79 swasantdiznèf
80 katwèven
81 katwèventéyon
82 katwèvendé
83 katwèventwa
84 katwèvenkat
85 katwèvensenk
86 katwèvensis
87 katwèvensèt
88 katwèvenwit
89 katwèvennèf
90 katwèvendis
91 katwèvenwonz
92 katwèvendouz
93 katwèventwèz
94 katwèvenkatòz
95 katwèvenkenz
96 katwèvensèz
97 katwèvendisèt
98 katwèvendizwit
99 katwèvendiznèf
100 san
200 dé san
300 twa san
400 kat san
500 senk san
600 sis san
700 sèt san
800 wit san
900 nèf san
1 000 mil
2 000 dé mil
3 000 twa mil
4 000 kat mil
5 000 senk mil
6 000 sis mil
7 000 sèt mil
8 000 sit mil
9 000 nèf mil
10 000 di mil
100 000 san mil
200 000 dé san mil
300 000 twa san mil
400 000 kat san mil
500 000 senk san mil
600 000 sis san mil
700 000 sèt san mil
800 00 wit san mil
900 000 nèf san mil
1 000 000 = yon milyon 1 000 000 000 = yon milya
1 234 = yon mil + dé san + twantkat
30 153 = twant mil + san + senkantwa
412 489 = (kat san douz) mil + kat san + katwèvennèf
12 356 734 = (douz) milyon + (twa san+senkantsis) mil + sèt san+twantkat

Ordinal

1st = pwémyè
2nd = dézyènm
3rd = twazyènm
4th = katriyènm
5th = senkyènm
6th = sizyènm (Notice the second "s" in "sis" is pronounced as a "z")
7th = sètyènm
8th = wityènm
9th = nèvyènm (Notice the "f" in "nèf" is pronounced as a "v")
All the other numbers are formed like this: Number + [yènm]

Language Aids and Dictionaries[edit | edit source]

Language Aids

Dictionaries

  • Paul Crosbie & David Frank, Kweýol̀ dictionary, Castries, Saint Lucia : Ministry of Education, Government of Saint Lucia, 2001 - Available at WorldCat
  • Marcel Fontaine & Peter A Roberts, Kwéyòl-Annglé = Dominica's English-Creole dictionary, Roseau, Dominica : The Folk Research Institute, 1991 - Available at WorldCat

Online Dictionaries

Additional Resources[edit | edit source]

  • Jon Edward Amastae, Dominican creole phonology, Ann Arbor, Mich : Xerox University Microfilms, 1975 - Available at WorldCat
  • Amy Lynn Paugh & Bambi B Schieffelin, Creole day is every day: Language socialization, shift, and ideologies in Dominica, West Indies, Ph. D. New York University 2001 - Available at WorldCat
  • Jon Edward Amastae, Dominican creole phonology, Ann Arbor, Mich : Xerox University Microfilms, 1975 - Available at WorldCat

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Dominica," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dominica#Languages, accessed 22 March 2021.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Saint Lucian Creole," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Lucian_Creole, accessed 22 March 2021.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Dominican Creole French," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dominican_Creole_French#Kwéyòl alphabet, accessed 22 March 2021.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Dominican Creole French," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dominican_Creole_French#Numbers, accessed 22 March 2021.