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Duval County, Florida Genealogy

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Guide to Duval County, Florida ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Duval County, Florida
Map of Florida highlighting Duval County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the U.S. highlighting Florida
Location of Florida in the U.S.
Founded August 12, 1822
County Seat Jacksonville
Florida Duval Courthouse.jpg
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County Information[edit | edit source]

Duval County, Florida Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[1]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1893 1822 1901 1921 1921 1905 1830
*Statewide registration of births and deaths began in 1899. General compliance by 1920.

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Duval County Courthouse
330 E Bay Street
Jacksonville, FL 32202
Phone: 904.630.2028

Clerk Circuit Court has divorce, court and
land records from 1921.
County Judge has marriage and probate records. [2]

History[edit | edit source]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

1822--Duval County was created 12 August 1822 from St. Johns County.
County seat: Jacksonville [3]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for William Pope DuVal. DuVal was territorial governor from 1822-1834. Prior to European arrival, the area was inhabited by indigenous people, the Timucua and Mocama. The County Seat is Deland and the county was created 1854.[4] The County is located in the Northeast area of the state.[5]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Florida county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Florida County Boundary Maps" (1821-1997) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

Civil War and 1901 Duval County Courthouse was burned both during the Civil War, and later in 1901. The extent of the record loss is unknown.

Places / Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

On October 1, 1968, Duval County and the City of Jacksonville consolidated their governments into one single entity.[6] Jacksonville Beach, Atlantic Beach, Neptune Beach and Baldwin still maintain independent municipality status in Duval County. Besides these exceptions, all communities within Duval County were incorporated into Jacksonville City.[7] Therefore, several neighborhoods and communities within a city exist today in Duval County. For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in Duval County:[8]

Census-designated places

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Baker • Clay • Nassau • St. Johns

Resources[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Biographies at Duval Co, FLGenWeb

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Duval, Florida online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Florida Cemeteries for more information

The following web sites may have additional information on Duval County cemeteries.

Census[edit | edit source]

For tips on accessing Duval County, Florida Genealogy census records online, see: Florida Census.

The 1885 Florida State Population Census includes sex, age, relationship, occupation, place of birth of each family member and parents. Also census for agriculture, manufacture and mortality.

Church[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Florida denominations, view the Florida Church Records wiki page.

Ward and Branch Records (The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints)

  • Jacksonville
  • Panama Park
  • Springfield
  • Wesconnett

Cities and Towns[edit | edit source]

Cities and Towns of Duval Co, FLGenWeb

Atlantic Beach, Baldwin, Jacksonville,Jacksonville Beach, Neptune Beach

[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Online Records

Land[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Florida Land and Property for additional information about early Florida land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Duval County, Florida Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section Florida Local Histories.

  • British West Florida at Duval Co FLGenWeb
  • History of Jacksonville Florida WorldCat

Maps[edit | edit source]

GeorgiaNassau CountySt. Johns CountyClay CountyBaker CountyFL DUVAL.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Military[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]
Civil War Battle[edit | edit source]

The following Civil War battle was fought in Duval County:

October 1-3, 1862 = St. John’s Bluff[9]
Map showing Civil War battles in Florida.
World War I[edit | edit source]
World War II[edit | edit source]
Korean War[edit | edit source]
Vietnam War[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Duval County, Florida Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

Probate[edit | edit source]

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Florida Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Florida Department of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics, Florida State Archives, or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.

Birth Records[edit | edit source]
Death Records[edit | edit source]
Divorce Records[edit | edit source]
Marriage Records[edit | edit source]

Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Jacksonville Genealogical Society
PO Box 60756
Jacksonville, Florida 32236-0756

Jacksonville Historical Society
314 North Palmetto Street
Jacksonville, FL 32202-2217
Telephone Number: 904-374-0296

Jacksonville Historical Society
100-B Wharfside Way
Jacksonville, FL 32207
Telephone Number: 904-396-6307

Beaches Area Historical Society
381 Beach Boulevard
PO Box 50646
Jacksonville Beach, FL 32250
telephone Number: 904-241-5657

Southern Genealogist's Exchange Society
PO Box 2801
Jacksonville, FL 32203-2801

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Websites[edit | edit source]

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The usage of "Mormon" and "LDS" on this page is approved according to current policy.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Duval County, Florida . Page 133-137 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 143-145.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Duval County, Florida. Page 134 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Duval County, Florida Genealogy and History”, accessed 04/24/2017.
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Duval County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Florida 04/24/2017.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Jacksonville Consolidation," in "Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,", accessed 10 October 2018.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Government of Jacksonville," in "Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,", accessed 10 October 2018.
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Duval County, Florida," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, County, Florida, accessed 5 December, 2018.
  9. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State