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England Crime and Punishment

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Background[edit | edit source]

Criminal records[edit | edit source]

In England, crimes were tried in different courts, usually depending on the severity of the crime. Felonies went to the assize courts, or their equivalent for London, Old Bailey. Individuals who committed misdemeanors and some felonies were tried in quarter sessions, or their equivalent for boroughs, borough sessions. Lesser crimes were adjudicated in petty sessions.

Few of these records are indexed or available online, a notable exception being the Old Bailey.

Criminal Registers[edit | edit source]

Assizes[edit | edit source]

Main article: Assize Court Records


Petty Sessions[edit | edit source]

Main article: England Petty Session Records


Quarter Sessions[edit | edit source]

Main article: England Quarter Session Records


Borough Sessions[edit | edit source]

Main article: England Borough Session Records


Old Bailey[edit | edit source]

Old Bailey was the central criminal court for London and Middlesex. Its proceedings from 1674-1913 are available online.

Main article: Records of the Old Bailey in London, England


Prison Records[edit | edit source]

Prison Hulks[edit | edit source]

Capital Punishment[edit | edit source]

Capital Punishment U.K. (free) includes a list of 'all U.K. executions from 1735-1964' and identifies 'places of execution.'

Transportation[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]