England and Wales Census, 1861 - FamilySearch Historical Records

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England and Wales Census, 1861
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
England and Wales
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Flag of England
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Record Description
Record Type Census
Collection years 1861
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
The National Archives



What is in This Collection?[edit | edit source]

This collection includes information from the 1861 census for England, Wales, Isle of Man and Channel Islands showing population as of 7 April 1861. This data has been provided by Findmypast.com. The information gathered by the census taker is only as reliable as the person who provided the information. While some information may not be completely accurate, it can still provide important clues in locating an ancestor.

Image Visibility[edit | edit source]

Whenever possible FamilySearch makes images and indexes available for all users. However, rights to view these data are limited by contract and subject to change. Because of this there may be limitations on where and how images and indexes are available or who can see them. Please be aware some collections consist only of partial information indexed from the records and do not contain any images.

For additional information about image restrictions, please see the Restrictions for Viewing Images in FamilySearch Historical Record Collections page.

To Browse This Collection[edit | edit source]

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for England and Wales Census, 1861.

What Can These Records Tell Me?[edit | edit source]

The records will include the following:

  • Address
  • Name
  • Relationship to the head of the household
  • Marital status
  • Age
  • Gender
  • Occupation
  • Where born
  • Registration district

Collection Content[edit | edit source]

Sample of indexed information:

John Robert Smith England and Wales Census, 1861
Name John Robert Smith
County Lincolnshire
Event Type Census
Event Date 1861
Event Place Goltho, Lincolnshire, England
Registration District Lincoln
Gender Male
Age 3
Relationship to Head of Household Son
Birth Year (Estimated) 1858
Birthplace Goltho, Lincolnshire
Page Number 1
Registration Number RG09
Piece/Folio 2363 / 73
Affiliate Record Type Household

How Do I Search This Collection?[edit | edit source]

If you do not know what registration district you need, find your location in: UK BMD Registration Districts In England and Wales.

Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:

  • Name of the person
  • Approximate location of residence

Search the Index[edit | edit source]

Search by name by visiting the Collection Details Page.
  1. Fill in the search boxes in the Search Collection section with the information you know
  2. Click Search to show possible matches

How Do I Analyze the Results?[edit | edit source]

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.

What Do I Do Next?[edit | edit source]

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]

  • Look at an image of the original record. The original may contain information that was not recorded in the index
  • Use the information to find additional family members in other censuses
  • Use the ages listed to determine an approximate birth date and to find other records such as birth, marriage, christening, and death records
  • Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family

I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking for, What Now?[edit | edit source]

  • If your ancestor does not have a common name, collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This can help you find possible relatives
  • If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality in an area search
  • Check for other names. They might have been listed under a middle name, a nickname, or an abbreviation of their given name
  • Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try searching based on how the name may have been pronounced
  • Transcription errors may be way off. Be imaginative on how letters may be interpreted, e.g. "Stubbins" was transcribed as "Hukins".

Research Helps[edit | edit source]

The following articles will help you in your research for your family in England.

The following articles will help you in your research for your family in Wales.


Citing This Collection[edit | edit source]

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation:
The citation for this collection can be found on the Collection Details Page in the section Citing this Collection.
Record Citation:
When looking at a record, the citation can be viewed by clicking the drop-down arrow next to Document Information.
Image Citation:
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?[edit | edit source]

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Historical Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.