Federated States of Micronesia History

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History[edit | edit source]

The Federated States of Micronesia also known simply as Micronesia is an independent republic associated to the United States. It consists of four states – from west to east, Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei and Kosrae – that are spread across the Western Pacific Ocean. Together, the states comprise around 607 islands.

While the Federated States of Micronesia's total land area is quite small, it occupies more than 1,000,000 sq miles of the Pacific Ocean, giving the country the 14th largest Exclusive Economic Zone in the world. The sovereign island nation's capital is Palikir, located on Pohnpei Island, while the largest city is Weno, located in the Chuuk Atoll.

Each of its four states is centered on one or more main high islands, and all but Kosrae include numerous outlying atolls. The Federated States of Micronesia is spread across part of the Caroline Islands in the wider region of Micronesia, which consists of thousands of small islands divided among several countries. The term Micronesia may refer to the Federated States or to the region as a whole.

The Federated States of Micronesia was formerly a part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, a United Nations Trust Territory under U.S. administration, but it formed its own constitutional government on May 10, 1979, becoming a sovereign state after independence was attained on November 3, 1986 under a Compact of Free Association with the United States.

Timeline[edit | edit source]

1574 - Captaincy General of the Philippines
1899 - 1914 German New Guinea
1914 1919 -Empire of Japan Imperial Japanese Navy occupation
1919 - 1947 South Pacific Mandate
1947 - 1979 Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands
1979 - 2018 Federated States of Micronesia

References[edit | edit source]