Gatineau County, Quebec Genealogy

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Guide to Gatineau county ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.

Online Records[edit | edit source]

FamilySearch[edit | edit source][edit | edit source] can be used free-of-charge at a Family History Center near you.

Other Online Indexed Databases[edit | edit source]

  • BMS2000 Database, index and images. ($) A database of baptism, marriage and burial records of 14 million records. There is a charge for consulting the BMS2000 database.[1]
  • PRDH Database, index and images. ($) Computerized population register, with biographical files of for European settlers of St. Lawrence Valley.[1]
  • Fichier Origine (Original File) Database, index and images. ($) Index of civil status documents and notarial deeds for French and foreign emigrants. Free-of-charge.[1]

History[edit | edit source]

Gatineau was a municipal county of Quebec that existed between 1930 and 1st January 1983. It was created by subdividing the county of Hull. Hull, formerly known as Ottawa County, was a municipal county of Quebec that existed between 1855 and 1st January 1970. County Hull carried the name Ottawa County from its creation in 1855 until March 17, 1918. In 1897, the entire eastern half of the county was detached in order to form the County of Labelle. In 1930, the northern part of the county, in fact its entire area except the city of Hull and its surroundings, was detached to form the county of Gatineau. It takes its name from the Gatineau River, itself named after the explorer Nicolas Gatineau, and extends on both sides of its banks. Its capital was the municipality of Maniwaki . The area is now included in the administrative region of Outaouais and is mostly part of the current regional county municipality (RCM) of the Vallée-de-la-Gatineau, and a part of MRC des Collines-de-l'Outaouais. --Wikipedia

Populated Places Table[edit | edit source]

1 2 3 4 5
 Alcove      Link  Link
 Aumond    Canton  Link  Link
 Aylmer        Link  Link
 Bois-Franc      Link  Link
 Bouchette   Canton  Link  Link
 Chelsea      Link  Link
 East-Aldfield  Now La Pêche    Link  Link
 Farrellton  Now La Pêche    Link  Link
 Gracefield      Link  Link
 La Pêche      Link  Link
 Lac-Sainte-Marie      Link  Link
 Lac-des-Loups  Now La Pêche    Link  Link
 Lucerne  Gatineau    Link  Link
 Maniwaki      Link  Link
 Masham  Sainte-Cécile-de-Masham  Canton  Link  Link
 Masham-Nord  Sainte-Cécile-de-Masham    Link  Link
 Northfield  Gracefield  Canton   Link  Link
 Old-Chelsea      Link  Link
 Rupert  Now La Pêche    Link  Link
 Saint-Pierre-de-Wakefield      Link  Link
 Sainte-Cécile-de-Masham  Now La Pêche    Link  Link
 Sainte-Famille-d'Aumond      Link  Link
 Sicotte  Now Grand-Remous  Canton  Link  Link
 Wakefield  Now La Pêche    Link  Link
 Wakefield  Now Grand-Remous  Canton  Link  Link
 Wolf-Lake  Now La Pêche    Link  Link
 Wright  Gracefield  Canton  Link  Link

Online Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

How to Find Birth, Marriage, and Death Records[edit | edit source]

Usually vital records (birth, marriage, and death) are found in civil registration and church records. In Quebec until 1900, civil (government) registration was kept by the churches, with a duplicate provided to the government. There are three ways to access these records:

1) church records in the Drouin collection, available online,
2) civil register duplicates of church records in the Quebec Library and Archives system, and
3) the records of the Family History Library (FamilySearch), online and microfilmed.

Civil Registration in the Quebec Library and Archives[edit | edit source]

In Quebec, the civil registers of births (baptisms), marriages and deaths (burials), which date from 1621, were duplicate copies of the church registers. This third source all of the pre-1900 records can be consulted at each of the nine regional offices of Bibliothèque et Archives Nationales du Québec.

Church Records: The Drouin Collection[edit | edit source]

Among other records, this database includes all the church records for the province of Quebec, that is, for the Adventist, Anglican, Apostolic, Baptist, Christ Church, Christian Brethren, Christian Missionary Alliance, Church of Christ, Church of England, Church of Scotland, Congregational, Episcopal, Evangelical, Free Church, Greek Orthodox, Holiness Movement, Jewish, Lutheran, Methodist, Romanian Orthodox, Pentecostal, Presbyterian, Protestant, Russian Orthodox, Salvation Army, Unitarian, United Church, and Universalist denominations.  The types of records include baptisms, marriages, and burials as well as confirmations, dispensations, censuses, statements of readmission to the church, and so on.  They are written mainly in French, as well as English, Latin, and Italian.

For more information, see The Drouin Collection: Six Databases.

Writing for Birth, Marriage, and Death Records After 1900[edit | edit source]

Directeur de l'état civil
2535, boulevard Laurier
Sainte-Foy, Quebec
G1V 5C5
  • For application forms, fee information, and identification requirements, click here.
  • Only the person named in the record or that person's legal representative may have access to civil registration and civil copies of church records after 1900. Direct descendants qualify as representatives.

See also Quebec Civil Registration, for information on published vital records.

The FamilySearch Collection[edit | edit source]

FamilySearch has microfilmed the entire collection of civil records in the Quebec Library and Archives.

Online Databases[edit | edit source]

Many of the parish (church) records have been digitized and posted online. They are only partially indexed, so browsing the original records is more effective:

Microfilmed Church/Civil Records[edit | edit source]

All of the church/civil records have been microfilmed by FamilySearch.These microfilms may be available for viewing at Family History Centers around the world. To find a microfilm:

a. Click on records for Canada, Québec, Gatineau. You will see a list of available records for the county.
b. You will also see above the list the link Places within Canada, Québec, Gatineau. This will take you to a list of towns in the counties, which are links to records for the specific town.
c. Click on any topic. Click on the blue links to specific record titles.
d. Some combination of these icons will appear at the far right of the microfilm listed for the record. FHL icons.png. The magnifying glass indicates that the microfilm is indexed. Clicking on the magnifying glass will take you to the index. Clicking on the camera will take you to an online digital copy of the microfilm.

Census[edit | edit source]

Census records can play an important role in identifying all members of a family. They then guide your search in the vital records because you have more clues as to who you are looking for.

Emigration and Immigration Records[edit | edit source]

Reading French Records[edit | edit source]

  • It's easier than you think! You do not have to be fluent in French to use these records, as there is only a limited vocabulary used in them. By learning a few key phrases, you will be able to read them adequately. Here are some resources for learning to read French records.
French Genealogical Word List
French Handwriting.

Websites[edit | edit source]

The Forbears website will give you an extensive list of websites that could have information for people who lived in this county. Some sites cover just the county, some cover all of Quebec, and some cover all of Canada. Some sites are databases of names and facts about people; other sites cover background information such as maps, history, geography, or genealogy strategies and methods for the region.

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Genealogy in 8 Lessons", at Quebec Federation off Genealogical Societies,, accessed 17 October 2020.