Georgia, Andersonville Prison Records - FamilySearch Historical Records
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Georgia, Andersonville Prison Records, 1862-1865
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|Andersonville, Sumter, Georgia, |
|Flag of the United States of America|
|US Flag 1863-1865 (35 stars)|
|National Archives and Records Administration Logo|
|Record Type||Prisoner of War Records|
|Record Group||RG 249: Records of the Commissary General of Prisoners|
|Microfilm Publication||M1303. Selected Records of the War Department Commissary General of Prisoners Relating to Federal Prisoners of War Confined at Andersonville, GA, 1864-65. 6 rolls.|
|National Archives Identifier||576|
|National Archives and Records Administration|
- 1 What is in This Collection?
- 2 What Can These Records Tell Me?
- 3 Collection Content
- 4 How Do I Search This Collection?
- 5 What Do I Do Next?
- 6 Citing this Collection
- 7 How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
What is in This Collection?[edit | edit source]
The Georgia, Andersonville Prison Records, 1864–1865 collection contains images of records of Federal (Union) prisoners of war confined at Andersonville Prison in Georgia during the last 14 months of the Civil War. The collection consists of prison hospital admissions, death and burial records, registers of prison departures, prisoner claims for reimbursements, and consolidated monthly reports. This collection is part of the National Archives and Records (NARA) microfilm publication M1303 and is from Record Group 249 Records of the Commissary General of Prisoners. The microfilm publication for M1303 can be located and downloaded from the National Archives Microfilm Resources for Research: A Comprehensive Catalog. Microfilm Publication 1303 includes the following NAIDs:
|NAID No||NARA Title|
|*597573||Registers of Federal Prisoners of War|
|*597874||Registers of Federal Prisoners of War Admitted to the Hospital|
|*597575||Statements of Money Claimed by Federal Prisoners of War|
|*597579||List of Funds Claimed by Federal Prisoners of War|
|*597581||Consolidated Monthly Reports of Federal Prisoners of War|
|*597583||Register of Federal Prisoners of War Admitted to the Hospital|
|*597584||Registers of Deaths and Burials of Federal Prisoners of War|
|*597586||Registers of Deceased Federal Prisoners of War|
|*597590||Lists of Deceased Federal Prisoners of War|
|*597595||Partial Name Index to Records of Federal Prisoners of War Interred|
|*617230||Morning Reports of Federal Prisoners of War|
General Information About Andersonville Prison[edit | edit source]
Andersonville Prison was built at the Confederate garrison of Camp Sumter just outside of Andersonville, Sumter County, Georgia in 1864. Built as a more secure location for Federal prisoners of war located in Richmond, Virginia, Andersonville was the largest Confederate Prisoner of War cam. The prison housed 45,000 prisoners during its 14 months of operation. Andersonville was designed to house a maximum of 10,000 prisoners, but received as many as 400 prisoners a day, housed an average of 22,000–26,000 prisoners, and held 32,000 prisoners during its peak operation of August of 1864.
The location of Andersonville Prison was chosen because it was in an area with a more abundant food supply; however, due to deteriorating war conditions the Confederate army was unable to provide adequate housing, food, clothing, or medical care to the soldiers held captive at Andersonville. Because of deteriorating conditions and a breakdown of the prisoner exchange system, the soldiers at Andersonville endured much suffering, and there was a high mortality rate. Many of the prisoners at Andersonville were moved to other prison camps throughout the South after Sherman’s march through Georgia. Andersonville was closed in April–May of 1865 after General Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse in Virginia.
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To Browse This Collection[edit | edit source]
|You can browse through images in this collection using the waypoints on the Collection Browse Page for Georgia, Andersonville Prison Records, 1862-1865.|
What Can These Records Tell Me?[edit | edit source]
The following information may be found in these records:
- Name of prisoner
- Date of entry in the report, list, or ledger
- Reason for entry in the repost, list, or ledger
- Birth date and place
- Death date and place
- Burial date and place
- Cause of death
- Physical description
- Names of relatives or friends
- Enlistment date and place
- Last residence prior to enlistment
- Monies exchanged
- Release or transfer date
Collection Content[edit | edit source]
Sample Image[edit | edit source]
How Do I Search This Collection?[edit | edit source]
Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:
- The name of the soldier
- The date of the event
View the Images[edit | edit source]
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How Do I Analyze the Results?[edit | edit source]
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What Do I Do Next?[edit | edit source]
I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]
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I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]
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Research Helps[edit | edit source]
The following articles will help you in your research for your family in the state of Georgia.
- US Military Basic Search Strategies
- Beginning United States Civil War Research
- Locating a Union Civil War Soldier (1861-1865)
- Georgia Guided Research
- Research Tips and Strategies
- Step-by-Step Research
- Beginning Research in United States Military Records
Related Digital Books[edit | edit source]
- Iowa Monuments Rolls of Iowa Soldiers Buried at Andersonville
- Pennsylvania at Andersonville
- Report of the Michigan Andersonville Monument Commission
Citing this Collection[edit | edit source]
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The citation for this collection can be found on the Collection Details Page in the section Citing this Collection.
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How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?[edit | edit source]
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