Independence County, Arkansas Genealogy

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search


Guide to Independence County, Arkansas ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Batesville
Organized: October 23, 1820
Parent County(s): Lawrence and Arkansas[1]
Neighboring Counties
Cleburne  • Izard  • Jackson  • Lawrence  • Sharp  • Stone  • White
See County Maps
Location Map

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named in commemoration of the Declaration of Independence.[2] It is located in the north of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Independence County Courthouse
192 East Main Street
Batesville, AR 725091
Phone: 870.793.8828
Independence County Website

County Clerk has marriage records from 1826 and probate records from 1839;
Clerk Circuit Court has divorce, court and land records;
County Library has burial records.[4]

Independence County, Arkansas[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[5]
Marriage Court Land Probate Census
1914 1826 1914 1821 1820 1839 1830
*State birth and death records began in 1914. Limited compliance until the 1920s

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1820--Independence County was created 23 October 1820 from Lawrence and Arkansas Counties.
  • County seat: Batesville[6]

For animated maps illustrating Arkansas county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Arkansas County Boundary Maps" (1813-1925) may be viewed for free at the website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]

Unincorporated communities
  • Ashley
  • Barren
  • Big Bottom-Wycough-Logan Township
  • Black River-Marshell
  • Cushman-Union
  • Departee
  • Dota
  • Fairview
  • Gainsboro
  • Greenbrier
  • Hill
  • Huff
  • Jefferson
  • Liberty
  • McHue
  • Magness
  • Moorefield
  • Oil Trough
  • Relief
  • Rosie
  • Ruddell
  • Salado
  • Washington
  • White River

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Emphasis for this timeline is on events that affected migration, records, or record-keeping. Unless otherwise mentioned, the events below were taken from the Independence County page on the website, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture. [8]

  • 1700s - When European observers returned to the area, the White River valley was no longer inhabited.
  • 1815 - Missouri Territory established Lawrence County, a huge area that encompassed most of what became north Arkansas.
  • 1820 October 20 - Independence County established.
  • 1828 - Independence County became an international border zone. The Cherokee traded the land back to the United States and moved west.
  • 1800s (late) - The county moved into the modern era with an economy based on agriculture, timber, and timber products

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Independence, Arkansas online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Arkansas Cemeteries for more information

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 2,031
1840 3,669 80.6%
1850 7,767 111.7%
1860 14,307 84.2%
1870 14,566 1.8%
1880 18,086 24.2%
1890 21,961 21.4%
1900 22,557 2.7%
1910 24,776 9.8%
1920 23,976 −3.2%
1930 24,225 1.0%
1940 25,643 5.9%
1950 23,488 −8.4%
1960 20,048 −14.6%
1970 22,723 13.3%
1980 30,147 32.7%
1990 31,192 3.5%
2000 34,233 9.7%
2010 36,647 7.1%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

African Americans[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

  • Probate Records 1830-1923 Independence County portion of the collection: Arkansas Probate Records, 1817-1979: Arkansas Probate Records, 1817-1979 FamilySearch Historical Collections (Free, browse images) - How to Use this Collection
    • Includes Administration and guardian bonds and letters 1853-1902; County Court records 1830-1849; Guardian bonds and letters 1868-1895; Letters of administration 1846-1881; Probate records 1839-1881; Wills 1833-1923.

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Independence County. They may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more about local histories, see Arkansas Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Izard CountySharp CountyLawrence CountyStone CountyCleburne CountyWhite CountyJackson CountyAR INDEPENDENCE.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary War[edit | edit source]

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital version at Google Books. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Arkansas, Independence County on page 91.]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Regiments. Men in Independence County served in various regiments and companies. Those listed below were specifically formed in this county:

- 2nd Regiment, Arkansas Volunteers (Confederate), Company C
- 7th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)
- 38th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)
- 3rd Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Union)[9], Companies A, C, K, and M
- 4th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Union)
- 3rd Regiment, Missouri Cavalry - Confederate, Company B

Online Records

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Finding More Arkansas Newspapers Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Independence newspapers in online catalogs like:

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

See also How to order Arkansas Vital Records

Birth[edit | edit source]

Birth Records reveal
Yes or Maybe
 Y  M
Name of Child Green check.png  
Birth Date and Place Green check.png  
Parent's Names Green check.png  
Mother's Maiden Name   Green check.png
Parent's Ages Green check.png  
Father's Occupation Green check.png  
Current Residence Green check.png  
Name of Doctor or Midwife Green check.png  

In 1877, a few county and city clerks[16] started keeping birth and death records.

In 1914, the state law required all county clerks to record births and forward them to the state.


See also: • Arkansas Online Genealogy Records, • How to Find Arkansas Birth Records and • Arkansas Vital Records—Birth.

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Voter Records[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Independence County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Arkansas Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Independence County. For state-wide library facilities, see Arkansas Archives and Libraries.

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Independence County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Arkansas Societies.

Independence County Historical Society

Websites[edit | edit source]

  • ARGenWeb. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
  • USGenWeb Archives. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • RootsWeb. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • Linkpendium. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • CyndisList. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • FamilySearch Catalog - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Independence County, Arkansas Genealogy and History”,
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Independence County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Arkansas
  4. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Independence County, Arkansas. Page 68 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 66.
  6. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Independence County, Arkansas," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Arkansas, accessed 17 September 2018.
  8. George E Lankford, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture, ( : accessed January 13, 2016), “Independence County.”
  9. Desmond Walls Allen, Third Arkansas Union Cavalry, (Conway, Arkansas: Arkansas Research, c1987), p. 33-92. FHL book 976.7 M28dc
  10. Desmond Walls Allen, Fourth Arkansas Union Infantry, (Conway, Arkansas: Arkansas Research, c1987), p. 1. FHL book 976.7 M28dae
  11. Desmond Walls Allen, The Seventh Arkansas Confederate Infantry, (Conway, Arkansas: Arkansas Research, c1988) FHL book 976.7 M22adw
  12. Ronald R. Bass, History of the Thirty-first Arkansas Confederate Infantry, (Conway, Arkansas: Arkansas Research, c1996), p. 12 FHL book 976.7 M2ba
  13. Desmond Walls Allen, Thirty-eighth Arkansas Confederate Infantry, (Conway, Arkansas: Arkansas Research, c1988), p. 1. FHL book 976.7 M2at
  14. Desmond Walls Allen, Forty-fifth Arkansas Confederate Calvary, (Conway, Arkansas: Arkansas Research, c1988), p. 1. FHL book 976.7 M2af
  15. Desmond Walls Allen, First Arkansas Confederate Mounted Rifles, (Conway, Arkansas: Arkansas Research, c1988), p. 2. FHL book 976.7 M2a
  16. such as Sebastian County (Fort Smith) and Pulaski County (Little Rock) (No entry in FamilySearch Catalog found for Pulaski County nor for Little Rock, Aug 2014)
  17. FamilySearch Wiki contributors, "Arkansas County Marriages - FamilySearch Historical Records," in FamilySearch Wiki.
  18. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at