Maricopa County, Arizona Genealogy

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Guide to Maricopa County, Arizona ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

Wikipedia has more about this subject: Maricopa County, Arizona
Maricopa County, Arizona
Map of Arizona highlighting Maricopa County
Location in the state of Arizona, United States Genealogy
Map of the U.S. highlighting Arizona
Location of Arizona in the U.S.
Founded February 14, 1871
County Seat Phoenix
Address 201 W. Jefferson

Phoenix, AZ. 85003-2243

County Information[edit | edit source]

Maricopa County, Arizona Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[1]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1881 1877 1881 1871 1871 1871 1830
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in July 1909. General compliance by 1926

County Courthouse [edit | edit source]

Maricopa County Courthouse
301 W Jefferson
Phoenix, Az 85033-2225
Phone: 602-506-3572

Clerk Superior Court

  • marriage records from 1877,
  • divorce records from 1930
  • probate and court records from 1871

County Recorder has land records [2]

Description[edit | edit source]

Maricopa County was created on 14 February 1871 with Phoenix as its county seat. The County is located in the south central area of the state.[3]

History[edit | edit source]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

14 Feb 1871 - Arizona created Maricopa County from land in Yavapai County.[14] County seat: Phoenix [15] This county named for the Maricopa Indians. Look for records in Maricopa and Yavapai counties.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

See also Previous Jurisdictions to Land in Arizona showing dates the jurisdictions were created and maps. This will help in determining what jurisdiction your ancestor lived in and where the records are now located.

For animated maps illustrating Arizona county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Arizona County Boundary Maps" (1852-1993) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[21]

Unincorporated communities
Native American communities
Census-designated places
Ghost towns

‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Maricopa, Arizona online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Arizona Cemeteries for more information

The following web sites may have additional information on Maricopa County cemeteries.

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1880 5,689
1890 10,986 93.1%
1900 20,457 86.2%
1910 34,488 68.6%
1920 89,576 159.7%
1930 150,970 68.5%
1940 186,193 23.3%
1950 331,770 78.2%
1960 663,510 100.0%
1970 971,228 46.4%
1980 1,509,175 55.4%
1990 2,122,101 40.6%
2000 3,072,149 44.8%
2010 3,817,117 24.2%
Source: "".

For tips on accessing Maricopa County, Arizona Genealogy census records online, see: Arizona Census.

Church[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Arizona denominations, view the Arizona Church Records wiki page. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints  Ward and Branch Records:  Alma, Avondale, Buckeye, Capitol (Phoenix), Chandler, Gilbert, Glendale, Lehi, Mesa, Mesa 1st, Mesa 2nd, Mesa 3rd, Mesa 4th, Mesa 5th, Mesa 6th, Mesa 7th, Mesa 8th, Papago, Phoenix, Phoenix 1st, Phoenix 2nd, Phoenix 3rd, Phoenix 4th, Phoenix 5th, Scottsdale, Spanish-American and Tempe .

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court[edit | edit source]

Land[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Arizona Land and Property for additional information about early Arizona land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

All Land records and other other recorded documents from 1871 to present, are searchable at no cost through the website of the Maricopa County Recorder. The minimum information needed for a search is the name of a person.

Most of the land in Arizona was originally obtained from the US federal government by a patent. These General Land Office Records are searchable online and most have free images of patents to download. The minimum information needed for a search is the state where the land is located and the name of the person receiving the patent. Surveys and Land Status Records can also be searched here.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Maricopa County, Arizona Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the Wiki page section Arizona Local Histories.

Maps[edit | edit source]

La Paz CountyYavapai CountyGila CountyPinal CountyPima CountyYuma CountyAZ MARICOPA.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

1895 Map of Maricopa county Arizona

Military[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]
World War II[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

The Arizona Republic

The Phoenix Gazette

The East Valley Tribune  (previously: The Mesa Tribune) microfilm copies of back issues found at

     Mesa Public Library
     64 E First St
     Mesa, AZ 85201

Maricopa county AZ Newpapers found at the Library of Congress

Finding More Arizona Newspapers[edit source]

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Maricopa County, Arizona Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Online Obituary Records

The usage of "Mormon" and "LDS" on this page is approved according to current policy.

Probate[edit | edit source]

From 1850 to 1864 during the territorial period, probate records of Arizona were kept by the probate courts of New Mexico. Then until 1912, the records were handled by county probate courts. Since then probate records, such as wills, claims, administrations, case files, and calendars are kept in the custody of the clerk of the superior court in the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Subjects Search for Arizona, Maricopa - Probate records.

Online Probate Records

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Arizona Department of Health Services , the county clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online.

Birth Records[edit | edit source]

Online Birth Indexes and Records

Marriage Records[edit | edit source]

Online Marriage Indexes and Records

Death Records[edit | edit source]

Online Death Indexes and Records

Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Arizona Historical Society, Museum at Papago Park The Arizona Historical Society Museum at Papago Park is the principal museum in the Phoenix metropolitan area covering the changes that have made Arizona what it is today. Concentrating on the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, the museum engages visitors on diverse topics such as World War II’s effects on Arizona, the rise of desert cities, Arizona pop culture and sports, and the state’s geology, among many others. The museum brings stories to life through hands-on and multimedia displays, and a variety of educational programs.

Arizona Jewish Historical Society Dedicated to preserving local Jewish history, promoting awareness of our states diverse history, and making local history accessible to all.

Carver African American Historical/Genealogical Society
415 E. Grant St.
Phoenix, AZ 85023

Cherokee Family Ties
516 N. 38th St.
Mesa, Arizona 85205

Chandler Historical Society helps to focus public attention on the diverse history of Chandler and the far southwest valley through events and special programs, and is dedicated to historic preservation through financial and volunteer support.

Gilbert Historical Society, Inc. Our mission is to serve as a trustee of our historical legacy and as a catalyst for shaping our future. We will accomplish this by fostering learning and research with a commitment to preservation, engaging the community with opportunities to understand past choices, present circumstances, and future possibilities, and strengthening the bonds of the community and facilitating solutions to common problems through leadership and advocacy.

Glendale Arizona Historical Society To promote public awareness and appreciation of the history of Glendale and the surrounding region, collects, preserves, and interprets documentary material and material objects, and it disseminates historical information and supports scholarly research.

Maricopa County Historical Society The Desert Caballeros Western Museum welcomes and enriches diverse audiences by inspiring an appreciation of the art and history of the American West through creative exhibitions and educational programs that preserve the West’s cultural legacy.

Mesa Historical Society The mission is to preserve and create interest in the tangible evidences of local and regional communities and of settlement and development of Mesa, Arizona by: locating and preserving written and spoken records; obtaining and preserving artifacts and memorabilia; locating and preserving photographs; obtaining and preserving local landmarks; working to benefit and maintain the Mesa Historical Museum; publishing and making available the history of the Mesa area; and promoting cooperation with similar organizations and with local civic and social groups in furthering the mutual interests of the groups relative to Mesa's history.

Peoria Arizona Historical Society Mission is to discover and preserve the history of the Peoria area for future generations to enjoy.

Phoenix Genealogical Society The purpose is to provide a forum for shared Genealogy Issues, provide help and guides for members who request it, do selected research for corresponding Genealogy Societies and individuals, and do peer review of member files when requested.

San Tan Historical Society To collect, preserve, document, and display the histories and artifacts of the Chandler Heights, Combs, Higley, and Queen Creek Communities. To facilitate the collection of items and to encourage and educate the public to respect and participate in the conservation of the history of our past.

Scottsdale Historical Museum

Sun Cities Area Historical Society is dedicated to the preservation and presentation of records and artifacts through carefully designed exhibits that chronicle the more than 50-year history of Sun City and the 25-year history of its sister city, Sun City West.

Tempe Historical Society promotes the Tempe History Museum with special events and program sponsorship.

West Valley Genealogical Society serves Genealogists throughout the Northwest Valley area of Maricopa County, Arizona. The WVGS is a non-profit corporation dedicated to researching, recording, and sharing genealogical & ethnic information. serves Genealogists throughout the Northwest Valley area of Maricopa County, Arizona.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Libraries
Introduction to Family History Centers

Buckeye Arizona
1002 Eason Ave,
Buckeye, Maricopa, Arizona, United States
Phone: 623-386-4188

Cave Creek Arizona
38001 N Basin Rd
Cave Creek, Maricopa, Arizona,
United States Phone: 480-488-9224

Chandler Arizona Alma
2252 W Mesquite
Chandler, Maricopa, Arizona, United States
Phone: 480-899-4312
Alternate phone # 480-244-8180

Chandler Arizona West
1950 W Galveston
Chandler, Maricopa, Arizona, United States
Phone: 480-857-8640

Glendale Arizona
8602 N 31st Ave
Phoenix, Maricopa, Arizona, United States
Phone: 602-973-3216

Mesa Arizona Kimball East
4640 E Holmes
Mesa, Maricopa, Arizona, United States

Mesa FamilySearch Library
464 E 1st Ave
Mesa, Maricopa, Arizona, United States
Phone: 480-964-1200

Mesa Arizona Salt River
6942 E Brown Rd
Mesa, Maricopa, Arizona, United States
Phone: 480-924-8958

Paradise Valley Arizona
3601 E Shea Blvd
Phoenix, Maricopa, Arizona, United States
Phone: 602-953-8160

Peoria Arizona
13014 N 108th Ave
Sun City, Maricopa, Arizona, United States
Phone: 623-974-2749

Phoenix Arizona
3102 18th Ave North
Phoenix, Maricopa, Arizona, United States
Phone: 602-264-2825

Phoenix Arizona Deer Valley
2939 W Rose Garden Ln
Phoenix, Maricopa, Arizona, United States
Phone: 623-582-3810

Phoenix Arizona Hispanic
650 W Southern Ave
Phoenix, Maricopa, Arizona, United States
Phone: 602-243-9413

Phoenix Arizona North
8710 N 3rd Ave
Phoenix, Maricopa, Arizona, United States
Phone: 602-371-0649

Scottsdale Arizona Camelback
2202 N 74th St
Scottsdale, Maricopa, Arizona, United States
Phone: 480-947-3995

Scottsdale Arizona North
6840 E Gold Dust Ave
Scottsdale, Maricopa, Arizona, United States
Phone: 480-483-7629

Surprise Arizona
23391 N 166th Dr
Surprise, Maricopa, Arizona, United States

Attention: Languages - Spanish, French, Dutch, German

These are not mailing addresses. Due to limited staff, Family History Centers are unable to respond to mail inquiries.

Websites[edit | edit source]

A wiki article descibing an online article is found at:

Arizona, Maricopa County Probate Records - FamilySearch Historical Records

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Maricopa County, Arizona. Page 56-57 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 52.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Maricopa County, Arizona p. 56. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Maricopa, Arizona," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Arizona 7/10/2017.
  4. Williams 108-110
  5. U.S. Stat., vol. 9, pp. 922-943; Parry, 102: 29-59; Van Zandt, 11, 28-29; Walker and Bufkin, 19, 20A
  6. N.M. Terr. Laws 1851, 1st assy., 1st sess./p. 119; N.M. Terr. Laws 1851, 1st assy., 2d sess. /pp. 266, 292
  7. William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 26. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 X2th.
  8. Original Counties of New Mexico Territory (map) at nmcoun-orig.jpg (accessed 9 August 2011).
  9. U.S. Stat., vol. 10, pp. 1031-1037; Van Zandt, 11, 29, 162
  10. U.S. Stat., vol. 10, ch. 245[1854]/p. 575; Van Zandt, 162; Walker and Bufkin, 21-22
  11. N.M. Terr. Laws 1854, 4th assy. /p. 57
  12. U.S. Stat., vol. 12, ch. 56[1863]/pp. 664-665; Ariz. Terr. Laws 1864, 1st assy./ pp. vii-viii; Van Zandt, 162
  13. Howell Code, Ariz. Terr. Laws 1864, 1st assy., ch. 2/ pp. 24-25
  14. Ariz. Terr. Laws 1871, 6th assy./ pp. 53-54
  15. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  16. Ariz. Terr. Laws 1873, 7th assy./ p. 87
  17. Ariz. Terr. Laws 1875, 8th assy./ pp. 19-20
  18. Arizona Territorial Laws 1877, 9th assy. pp. 12-13
  19. Arizona Territorial Laws 1881, 11th assy. pp. 14-17
  20. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  21. Wikipedia contributors, "Maricopa County, Arizona," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Arizona, accessed 23 February 2019.