Marion County, Ohio Genealogy

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Guide to Marion County, Ohio ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Marion County, Ohio
Boundary map of Marion County, Ohio
Map of the U.S. highlighting Ohio
Location of Ohio in the U.S.
Marion County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Address Marion County Courthouse
100 North Main St.
Marion, Ohio 43302-3089
Marion County Website

Marion County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[1]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1867 1824 1867 1724 1821 1825 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.
  • Parent Counties: Formed from Delaware County 12 February 1820.[2]
  • County Seat: Marion

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for General Francis "The Swamp Fox" Marion, an officer in the Revolutionary War. It's county seat is Marion and was founded April 1, 1820. It is located in the Mid-Central area of the state.[3]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county: [4]

Unincorporated communities
Ghost towns

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Hardin County  • Hardin County  • Delaware County  • Morrow County  • Crawford County  • Wyandot County

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1848: Marion County gave up land for the formation of Morrow County in February. The Townships of Canaan, Cardington, Gilead, Morven and Washington were detached from Marion County and were transferred to Morrow County.
  • In return for this loss of land, Big Rock Township was detached from Delaware County Ohio and given to Marion County; afterward its name was changed to Waldo Township.

For animated maps illustrating Ohio county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Ohio County Boundary Maps" (1788-1888) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biography[edit | edit source]

Business Records and Commerce[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories

Family History Library


Names in Stone

USGW Tombstones

Billion Graves

Billion Graves
OHGenWeb Tombstone Photos

Ohio Gravestones

See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 6,551
1840 14,765 125.4%
1850 12,618 −14.5%
1860 15,490 22.8%
1870 16,184 4.5%
1880 20,565 27.1%
1890 24,727 20.2%
1900 28,678 16.0%
1910 33,971 18.5%
1920 42,004 23.6%
1930 45,420 8.1%
1940 44,898 −1.1%
1950 49,959 11.3%
1960 60,221 20.5%
1970 64,724 7.5%
1980 67,974 5.0%
1990 64,274 −5.4%
2000 66,217 3.0%
2010 66,501 0.4%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

History[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Marion County, Ohio Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Ohio Local Histories.

Marion County Ohio is one of the numerous counties in the United States named in honor for Gen. Francis Marion, "The Swamp Fox," who served in the Revolutionary War Brigadier General Francis Marion (c1732-1795). [5]No member of the Marion family was involved in the establishment of the county, and the name is merely an honoraium.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]
  • Jacoby, John Wilbur, History of Marion County, Ohio, and Representative Citizens, (Chicago, Illinois: Biographical Pub. Co., 1907). FHL film 1000331 Item 1

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Maps[edit | edit source]

Wyandot CountyCrawford CountyMorrow CountyDelaware CountyUnion CountyHardin CountyOH MARION.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Military[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Service men from Marion County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Marion County.

- 4th Regiment, Ohio Infantry (3 months, 1861), Companies H and K
- 96th Regiment
Company D (both Marion and Morrow Counties), roster
Company E, roster
World War I[edit | edit source]

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Marion County, Ohio Genealogy newspapers may contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

To access newspapers, contact public libraries, Ohio Genealogical Society chapters, college or university libraries, the Library of Congress, Google News, or the Ohio Memory. The Ohio Genealogical Society Obituary Database is another source of newspaper information.

For more Ohio newspaper information see the Newspaper Guides on the wiki page Ohio Newspapers and Obituaries. Online Newspapers
Online Newspaper Abstracts
Newspaper Extracts and Abstracts in Book Form

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the {{{1}}} County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records. Online Probate Records

Finding More Probate Records[edit source]

Additional probate records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Marion County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Records in online catalogs like:

Public Records[edit | edit source]

Repositories[edit | edit source]

Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Marion County Courthouse
100 N Main Street
Marion, OH 43302
Phone: 740.387.8128

Probate Court has marriage and probate records;
City Health Department has birth and death records
from 1908; Public Library has birth and death records
1867-1908; Clerk Court has divorce and court records;
County records has land records[6]

County Records are kept by the offices of the county government as proscribed by Ohio law and are subject to the public records retention policy of the State of Ohio.

The physical location of most original records (those not lost to fire, flood or other act of God) are kept in the offices of the elected officials who oversee a particular function of government.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

For additional nearby Family History Centers, search online in the FHC directory. Put your town name in the top search box.

Libraries[edit | edit source]
Museums[edit | edit source]
Societies[edit | edit source]

The county is served by a membership based genealogical society, the Marion Area Genealogical Society, also known by its acronym of MAGS.  The society is a chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society.  The society maintains open help days on Saturday afternoons at the Brinker Howser Resource Center, in the lower level of the Marion County Historical Society, 169 E. Church Street, Marion, Ohio 43302, 614-387-4255.

Online Genealogy Research Groups[edit | edit source]

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.

Finding More Tax Records

Additional tax records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Marion County, Ohio Genealogy Tax Records in online catalogs like:

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Marriages were usually recorded from the formation of the county and are held at the office of the County Probate Court. Divorce records are located with the county Clerk of Courts.

Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the County Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954, while the Ohio History Connection houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Online Birth Indexes and Records

Original Birth Records on Microfilm

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Online Marriage Indexes and Records
Original Marriage Records on Microfilm

Death[edit | edit source]

Online Death Indexes and Records

Finding More Vital Records

Additional vital records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Marion County, Ohio Genealogy Vital Records in online catalogs like:

Additional vital records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Marion County, Ohio Genealogy Vital Records in online catalogs like:

Original Death Records on Microfilm

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Marion County, Ohio. Page 540-547 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 531-533.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), [FHL book 973 D27e 2002].
  3. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Marion County, Ohio Genealogy and History”, accessed 2/22/2017.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Marion County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Ohio, accessed 28 December 2018.
  5. "Francis Marion," Wikipedia.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Marion County, Ohio. Page 544 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.