Martin County, Minnesota Genealogy

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Guide to Martin County, Minnesota ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Martin County, Minnesota
Map of Minnesota highlighting Martin County
Location in the state of Minnesota, United States Genealogy
Map of the U.S. highlighting Minnesota
Location of Minnesota in the U.S.
Founded May 23, 1857
County Seat Fairmont
Minnesota, Martin County Courthouse.png
Address Martin County Courthouse
201 Lake Ave
Fairmont, MN 56031-1845
Phone: 507.238.3213
Martin County Website

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for Henry Martin, a pioneer settler. The County is located in the southwest area of the state.[1]

Martin County, Minnesota Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[2]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1874 1864 1879 1861 1857 1864 1836
Statewide registration started for births in 1900 and deaths in 1908. General compliance by 1915.

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

County Recorder has birth records from 1874,
marriage records from 1864, death records from 1879
and land records.
Court Administrator has divorce,
probate, and court records. [3]

History[edit | edit source]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

  • 1857--Martin County was created 23 May 1857 from Brown and Faribault Counties.  County seat: Fairmont [4]
  • For a brief history of how Martin County was named, click here.  Then select Martin County.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[5]

Unincorporated communities

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
USGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
MNInterment FamilySearch Places
Billion Graves
See Minnesota Cemeteries for more information.

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 151
1870 3,867 2460.9%
1880 5,249 35.7%
1890 9,408 79.2%
1900 16,936 80.0%
1910 17,518 3.4%
1920 21,085 20.4%
1930 22,401 6.2%
1940 24,656 10.1%
1950 25,655 4.1%
1960 26,986 5.2%
1970 24,316 −9.9%
1980 24,687 1.5%
1990 22,914 −7.2%
2000 21,802 −4.9%
2010 20,840 −4.4%
Source: "".

State Census

Church[edit | edit source]

Most church records are held by individual churches. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information, see Minnesota Church Records.

Lutheran[edit | edit source]

Grace Lutheran Church, Fairmont

  • Records of Grace Lutheran Church, Fairmont, in Evangelical Lutheran Church in America database at ($).[6]

St. Olaf Lutheran Church

  • Records of St. Olaf Lutheran Church, Martin County, in Evangelical Lutheran Church in America database at ($).

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Land[edit | edit source]

The county register of deeds keeps land records once the land was transferred to private ownership. Abstracts and indexes for these records are generally available at the county courthouse.

Land records for Minnesota are listed in the Place Search of the FamilySearch Catalog under:


Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Martin County, Minnesota Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Minnesota Local Histories.

Maps[edit | edit source]

Cottonwood CountyWatonwan CountyBlue Earth CountyJackson CountyFaribault CountyEmmet CountyKossuth CountyIowaMN MARTIN.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Military[edit | edit source]

World War II[edit | edit source]

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Martin County, Minnesota Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Probate[edit | edit source]

Probate records may include wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. They may include the decedent’s date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, etc. See Minnesota Probate Records for additional information. Online Probate Indexes and Records

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Since Minnesota tax records include only persons who owned taxable property, many residents were not included. Still they complement land records and can be used in place of missing censuses or the years between censuses. There may also be gaps. For more information, see the wiki page Minnesota Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Minnesota Department of Health, Office of Vital Records, or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred. See also Minnesota Vital Records.

Birth[edit | edit source]
Marriage[edit | edit source]
Death[edit | edit source]

Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Martin County Genealogical Society
222 E. Blue Earth Ave.
Fairmont 56031

Martin County Historical Society
304 East Blue Earth Avenue
Fairmont 56031
Telephone: 507-235-5178

Sherburn Area Historical Society
333 Fox Lake Ave Apt 6
Sherburn MN 56171-9651
Telephone: 507-764-2766

Truman Historical Society
PO Box 353
Truman MN 56088-0353
Telephone: 507-776-7889

Southern Minnesota Historical Center
Mankato State University
Mankato, MN 56001

Family History Centers
[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Martin County, Minnesota" in,_Minnesota accessed 13 Nov 2018
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Martin County, Minnesota. Page 362-370 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 362-365.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Martin County, Minnesota page 366, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Martin County, Minnesota," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,, accessed 10 February 2020.
  6. "Evangelical Lutheran Church in America: An Inventory of Selected Congregational Records of the American Lutheran Church in Minnesota at the Minnesota Historical Society," Collection Finding Aids, Minnesota Historical Society,, accessed 10 June 2013.