New Mexico Census

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Online Federal Censuses[edit | edit source]

Population Schedules[edit | edit source]

Starting in 1790, federal population schedules were taken every 10 years in the United States. Click here for more information about federal census records.

New Mexico was the 47th State to join the Union on January 6, 1912. It was first included in the 1850 U.S. Census as New Mexico Territory.

United States Federal Censuses with Online Links[edit | edit source]
1850 1860 1870 1880 1890
FamilySearch
Ancestry.com
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Ancestry.com
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Ancestry.com
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Ancestry.com
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Ancestry.com
1900 1910 1920 1930 1940
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Ancestry.com
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Ancestry.com
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Ancestry.com
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Ancestry.com
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Ancestry.com

Non-Population Schedules for New Mexico[edit | edit source]

Federal non-population schedules included such things mortality schedules, agriculture schedules, slave schedules, and manufacturing schedules.

Year Type of Census Links
1890 Veterans at Ancestry($)- index and images

Existing and Lost Censuses[edit | edit source]

Online State and Territorial Censuses[edit | edit source]

State censuses are census records that were taken at the state-level rather than at the federal. Often, but not always, a state took their census in ten year increments 5 years from when the Federal Census was taken, such as 1885. State censuses can even serve as substitutes for missing federal censuses. For more information on state censuses, visit United States Census Bureau.

Territorial censuses were taken by the federal government to count the population in federal territories. The government needed to count the population in the territory to see if it could qualify for statehood. For more information on territorial censuses, visit the US Territorial Census page.

Year Type of Census Links
1885 Territorial at FamilySearch - index and images

at Ancestry($) - index and images

Other Census Images[edit | edit source]

1845 Mexican Colonial Census at FamilySearch 1823 Mexican Colonial Census at FamilySearch 1790 Spanish Colonial Census at FamilySearch
School census of Navajo indians 1957,1961 Indian census rolls, Zuni, 1904-1935
Indian census rolls, Eastern Navajo, 1929-1935 Agency records, 1878-1926
Albuquerque school indian rolls, 1904-1907,1910,1911


Why Use the Census?[edit | edit source]

State census records can be one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. Information varies based on year and location, but information that may be included in a census can include:

  • Name of each person in the family at the time the census was taken
  • Street or Avenue, or number Rural Free Delivery
  • Sex
  • Age
  • Color
  • Nativity
  • Place of birth of this person
  • Place of birth of Father of this person
  • Place of birth of Mother of this person
  • Period of Residence
  • How long a resident of this State (years and months)
  • How long a resident of this enumeration district (years and months)
  • Regular occupation
  • Military service

More about censuses[edit | edit source]

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as: