Newfoundland and Labrador Census

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Online Records[edit | edit source]


Online Canadian Indexes and Images[edit | edit source]

As Newfoundland did not become a province of Canada until 1949, it was not included in the Canadian census returns of 1851 to 1911.

Online National and Provincial Population Schedules of Canada
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Automated Genealogy[2] Library Archives Canada[3] Ancestry FHL[4] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[6]
1921 indexes - - Link Link Link Link
images - - Link Link Link Link

Earlier Census Records[edit | edit source]

French[edit | edit source]

In general, the French records are for Plaisance (Placentia) which French held from 1650 -1711. The town was given up to the British in 1711 . They are transcripts of copies at the National Archives of Canada. The original records are in France. The French had some limited fishing rights on the island but were not allowed to settle on the island of Newfoundland which was Britain's oldest colony.

  • 1671, 1673, 1691, 1693 Names all household members.
  • 1698, 1704,1706, 1711 Names head of household only.

(All of the above census records are available at the National Archives of Canada. Transcripts of most of these are in “Mémoires de la Société Généalogique Canadienne-Française,” vols. 10-11.)

British[edit | edit source]

(These censuses are available at the Provincial Archives of Newfoundland and Labrador (P.A.N.L.)

Distance Research in Archives[edit | edit source]

For census and other records not digitized and available online, there are options for obtaining information from and/or copies of them through distance research.

Provincial Archives of Newfoundland and Labrador[edit | edit source]

Library and Archives Canada[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library.
  2. Automated Genealogy, a free online service includes links to free images found at the Library and Archives Canada.
  3. Library Archives Canada, a free online service includes links to free images and partial indexes found at the Library and Archives Canada.
  4. Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving national and many provincial census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  5. Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving national and many provincial census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.