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Ozette Indian Reservation (Washington)

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United States Gotoarrow.png American Indians Gotoarrow.png Washington Gotoarrow.png Indigenous Peoples of Washington Gotoarrow.png Ozette Indian Reservation (Washington)

The Ozette Reservation was located in northwestern Washington, 15 miles south of the tip of the Olympic Peninsula, on the Pacific Coast

Established -- 12 April 1893
Agency (BIA) -- Neah Bay Agency (1861-1933), Taholah Agency (1933+)
Principal tribes -- Ozette
Population -- No living Ozette (Osette part of Makah)  Indians in the United States remain.

History[edit | edit source]

The Makah Reservation, including the Ozette Tribe, was established by Treaty of Neah Bay[1], Jan. 31, 1855 (xII, 939). An Executive orders, Apr. 12, 1893, established a separate 719 acres south of the Makah Reservation as a separate reservation for the Ozette Indians[2]. That reservation reverted to the United States on Oct. 22, 1970, to be held in trust for the benefit of the Makah Tribe, since there were no recognized Ozette Indians remaining[3].

The Ozette Indians were a part of the Makah group who had come from the west coast of Vancouver Island and settled on the northwest tip of the Olympic Peninsula. Their population figures gradually diminished from about 1880 until 1937, when there was only one Ozette Indian remaining. He lived the last part of his life on the Makah Reservation. The population of the tribe on the Ozette Reservation, as reported in A Guide to the Indian Tribes of the Pacific Northwest[4], was as follows:

1870 -- 188
1872 -- 200
1888 -- 91
1901 -- 44
1906 -- 35
1914 -- 17
1923 -- 8
1937 -- 1

Records[edit | edit source]

The 1900 census of the Ozette Reservation is available on microfilm at the National Archives and their Regional Archives and at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah, as well as at other research facilities. It is also available online at as a part of their paid subscription service.

On Mar. 4, 1911, the U.S. Congress passed an act (36 Stat. 1345) directing the Secretary of the Interior to allow members of the Ozette Tribe to receive allotments on the Quinault Reservation, after the members of that tribe had received their allotments[5].

Most of the Bureau of Indian Affairs records of the Ozette Tribe were kept by the Neah Bay Agency, 1861-1933. Most of the Ozette Indians were deceased by the time the jurisdiction for the tribe was transferred to the Taholah Agency. Some records for members of the tribe may be included in the records of the following agencies:

Makah Agency
Olympic Peninsula Agency
Quinaielt Agency
Taholah Agency

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Treaty at Neah Bay, in Charles J. Kappler's Indian Affairs, Laws and Treaties Available online
  2. "Washington Indian Reservations," Handbook of Indians North of Mexico, by Frederick Webb Hodge Available online.
  3. Charles J. Kappler. American Indian Treaties and Laws, Vol. 6, p. 1208 Available online.
  4. A Guide to the Indian Tribes of the Pacific Northwest, by Robert H. Ruby and John Arthur Brown, p. 161.
  5. A Guide to the Indian Tribes of the Pacific Northwest, by Robert H. Ruby and John Arthur Brown, p. 161.

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

  • Confederation of American Indians. Indian Reservations: A State and Federal Handbook. Jefferson, North Caroline: McFarland & Co., c1986. WorldCat 14098308; FHL book 970.1 In2.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30, 1906. This publication lists the 22 states which had reservations in 1908. Available online.
  • Kappler, Charles J. Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties. Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office, 1902. 7 volumes. WorldCat 74490963; FHL book 970.1 K142iAvailable online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Prucha, Francis Paul. Atlas of American Indian Affairs. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 1991 WorldCat 257331735; FHL book 970.1 P95aa
  • Prucha, Francis Paul, ed. Documents of United States Indian Policy. 3rd Edition. Lincoln, Nebraska: Univeresity of Nebraska Press, 2000. WorldCat 50416280; FHL book 970.1 P95d.
  • Prucha, Francis Paul. Guide to the Military Posts of the United States, 1789-1895. Madison, Wisconsin: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, c1964. WorldCat 522839; FHL book 973 M2pf.
  • Ruby, Robert H. and John Arthur Brown. A Guide to the Indian Tribes of the Pacific Northwest. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press. WorldCat 7272798; FHL book 970.1 R827g
  • Schmeckebier, Laurance F. The Office of Indian Affairs: Its History, Activities, and Organization. Service Monographs of the United States Government; no. 48. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1927. Reprint. New York: AMS Press, 1972.  WorldCat 257893; FHL book 973 B4b v. 48.
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published
  • Tiller, Veronica E. Velarde. American Indian Reservations and Trust Areas. [Washington, DC]: Economic Development Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, 1996. WorldCat 35209517; FHL book 970.1 T463a.
  • United States Department of Commerce, Frederick B. Dent, Secretary. Federal and State Reservations and Trust Areas. 1974. FHL book 970.1 Un3fe/1974.
  • United States Department of the Interior. Executive Orders Relating to Indian Reservations. Washington: [United States] Government Printing Office, 1912 (v. 1), 1922 (v. 2). Vol. 1 – May 14, 1855 to July 1, 1912. Vol. 2 – July 1, 1912 to July 1, 1922. FHL film 1440543 Items 8-9.
  • United States Federal and State Indian Reservations, Map. Available online.
  • Waldman, Carl. Atlas of the North American Indian. New York: Facts on File, 2009. 3rd ed. WorldCat 244771132; FHL book 970.1 W146a 2009.
  • Waldman, Carl. Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. WorldCat 14718193; FHL book 970.1 W146e 2006.