Peoria Indians

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Guide to Peoria Indians ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and other agency records.

Peoria Indian -moccasins OK 1860 OHS.jpg

To get started in Indigenous Peoples of the United States Research

The Peoria Tribe is primarily associated with the state of Oklahoma[1].

Tribal Headquarters[edit | edit source]

Peoria Tribe of Oklahoma
P.O. Box 1527
Miami, OK 74355
Phone: 1.918.540.2535
Fax: 1.918.540.2538

Population: 1984: Total enrollment 2,000. [2]

History[edit | edit source]

Brief Timeline[edit | edit source]

1763: Many of the tribe live in Peoria, Illinois

Early 1800: The tribe lived in southern Missouri

Treaty of Caster Hill (Missouri) Created a reserve on the Osage river in Kansas.

1867: Removed from Kansas to northeastern corner of Indian Territory in Oklahoma

1868: surviving Illinois Indians, Peoria and Kashashio moved to northeast Oklahoma under the name Peoria.

1959: Peoria Tribe of Oklahoma Terminated, Tribal membership 640, No Tribal land

Additional References to the History of the Tribe[edit | edit source]

Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Peoria tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods.

Reservations[edit | edit source]

From the mid-1800s, the official policy of the United States government toward the Native American was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.

Sometimes, a single agency had jurisdiction over more than one reservation. And sometimes, if the tribal population and land area required it, an agency may have included sub-agencies.

The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.

The following list of reservations has been compiled from the National Atlas of the United States of America[3], the Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America[4], and other sources. There are no current federally-recognized reservations in Illinois.

Records[edit | edit source]

The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:

Agency Records[edit | edit source]

Agencies and subagencies were created as administrative offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and its predecessors. Their purpose was (and is) to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. Many of the records of genealogical value were created by these offices.

The following list of agencies that have operated or now exist in Illinois has been compiled from Hill's Office of Indian Affairs...[5], Hill's Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians[6], and others.

Osage River Agency

Neosho Agency

Quapaw Agency

Correspondence and Census[edit | edit source]

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records

Pre-1880 Correspondence

M234 RG 75 Rolls 962

Roll Number




Post-1885 Census

M595 RG 75 Rolls 962

Roll Number




Peoria Miami (Quapaw) Agency, 1870-1952 Washington D.C. and Fort Worth Rolls 703-13 - Rolls 410-16 FHL Films: 581405-581410
Peoria Seneca Agency, 1901-7, 1910-21 Washington D.C. - - Rolls 487-89 FHL Films: 581498-581499
Peoria Ft. Leavenworth / Osage River, 1824-71 Washington D.C. Rolls 300-02, 642-51 - Roll 48 -

Land Records[edit | edit source]

Tribally owned land: 38.79 acres [7]

Treaties[edit | edit source]

  • 1818September 25, Edwardsville, Illinois, Cessions
  • 1832 October 27, Casster Hill, St. Louis, Missouri, with the Kaskaskia,cession, reservation
  • 1854 May 30, withthe Peoria, Etc., cession, reservation
  • 1867 February 23, Washington D.C., with the Seneca, Mixed Seneca, Shawnee, Quapaw, Etc.,cession, land to Ottawa university,removal

Superintendencies[edit | edit source]

St. Louis Superintendency

Central Superintendency

Important Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Indian Entities Recognized and Eligible To Receive Services From the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs, Federal Register, Vol. 67, No. 134, 12 July 2002 Available online
  2. Indian Reservations A State and Federal Handbook. Compiled by The Confederation of American Indians, New York, N.Y. McFarland and Co. Inc., Jefferson, North Carolina, c. 1986. FHL book 970.1 In2 page 236
  3. National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.
  4. Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.(Family History Library book 973 E5)
  5. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches, Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. (Family History Library book 970.1 H551o.)
  6. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. (FHL book 970.1 H551g.)
  7. Indian Reservations A State and Federal Handbook. Compiled by The Confederation of American Indians, New York, N.Y. McFarland and Co. Inc., Jefferson, North Carolina, c. 1986. FHL book 970.1 In2 page 236

Bibliography[edit | edit source]