South Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records - FamilySearch Historical Records
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South Carolina , Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-1872
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
|South Carolina, |
|Flag of the United States of America|
|US Flag 1863-1865 (35 stars)|
|National Archives and Records Administration Logo|
|Record Type||Freedmen and Refugee Records|
|Record Group||RG 105: Records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands|
|Microfilm Publication||M1910. Records of the Field Offices for the State of South Carolina, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872. 106 rolls.|
|National Archives Identifier||434|
|National Archives and Records Administration|
- 1 Why Should I Look at This Collection?
- 2 What is in This Collection?
- 3 Collection Content
- 4 How Do I Search This Collection?
- 5 What Do I Do Next?
- 6 Citing This Collection
- 7 How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
Why Should I Look at This Collection?[edit | edit source]
The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands was established in the War Department in March of 1865. It was commonly called the Freedman’s Bureau and was responsible for the management and supervision of matters relating to refuges, freedmen, and abandoned lands. The Bureau assisted disenfranchised Americans, primarily African Americans, with temporal, legal and financial matters, with the intent of helping people to become self-sufficient. Matters handled included the distributing of food and clothing; operating temporary medical facilities; acquiring back pay, bounty payments, and pensions; facilitating the creation of schools, including the founding of Howard University; reuniting family members; handling marriages; and providing banking services. Banking services were provided by the establishment of the Freedman’s Saving and Trust Company, or Freedman’s Bank.
The Bureau functioned as an agency of the War Department from approximately June 1865 until December 1868. In 1872, the functions of the Bureau were transferred to the Freedmen’s Branch of the Adjutant General’s Office. The Bureau assisted over one million African Americans, including many of the nearly four million emancipated slaves, which was over 25% of the population of former slaves in America.The records identify those who sought help from the Bureau at the end of the Civil War. Most supplicants were freed slaves, some of which were military veterans. In addition, a few veterans who were not African Americans also sought help from the Bureau. Freedmen’s Bureau records are usually reliable, because the records were supplied through first-person correspondence or the recording of a marriage.
Also available is a field office personnel coverage table which shows where the field offices in South Carolina were located, the names of the employees, what office they held, and the dates they served. Freedmen’s Bureau South Carolina Field Office Personnel Coverage Table.
For details about the contents of these records, their history, and help using them, see the wiki article: United States Freedmen’s Branch Records - FamilySearch Historical Records
- Sharon Batiste Gillins.A Window into the lives of black and white ancestors: Freedmen's Bureau field office records. NGS Magazine 39 #1 (January-March 2013): 34-38.
What is in This Collection?[edit | edit source]
This collection consists of scanned images of records from National Archives microfilm publication M1910 Records of the Field Offices for the State of South Carolina, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands which is part of Record Group 105 Records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands.The images are generally arranged in the order the records were microfilmed with the records of the Assistant Commissioner who oversaw Bureau operations in the state and state level staff officers; Superintendent of Education, Commissary of Subsistence, Inspector, Medical Officer, Quartermaster and Disbursing Officer, Claim Division, General Collecting Agent, first then the local field office records are arranged alphabetically by location and by NARA roll number.
Image Visibility[edit | edit source]
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For additional information about image restrictions see Restrictions for Viewing Images in FamilySearch Historical Record Collections.
To Browse This Collection[edit | edit source]
|You can browse through images in this collection using the waypoints on the Collection Browse Page for South Carolina , Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-1872.|
Collection Content[edit | edit source]
Sample Images[edit | edit source]
The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (often called the Freedmen’s Bureau) created many different record types necessary to supervise relief efforts including education, health care, food and clothing, refugee camps, legalization of marriages, employment, labor contracts, and securing back pay, bounty payments and pensions. These records include letters and endorsements sent and received, account books, applications for rations, applications for relief, court records, labor contracts, registers of bounty claimants, registers of complaints, registers of contracts, registers of disbursements, registers of freedmen issued rations, registers of patients, reports, rosters of officers and employees, special and general orders and circulars received, special orders and circulars issued, records relating to claims, court trials, property restoration, and homesteads.
- The following link will provide a description of the record types found in this and other Freedmen’s Bureau collections.Freedmen's Bureau Record Types
- Officers' Manual. Washington, 1866
Collection Inventory Table
- The inventory will include for each individual collection the National Archives Identifier Number (NAID) and preliminary inventory entry number.
How Do I Search This Collection?[edit | edit source]
The Freedmen’s Bureau records are a major source of genealogical information about post Civil War African Americans. Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:
- The name of your ancestor
- The approximate age of your ancestor
- The place where your ancestor lived
- The name of the former slave owner
View the Images[edit | edit source]
View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page:
- Select the Freedmen's Bureau Office or Subordinate Field Office Location
- Select the NARA Roll Number - Contents to view the images.
|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at South Carolina, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-1872. Some catalog records link to multiple references. In this case, click on a reference to find a camera icon to see images.|
How Do I Analyze the Results?[edit | edit source]
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.
What Do I Do Next?[edit | edit source]
I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]
- Use the information found to search for the family in census records
- Use the information found to search for the family in land and probate records
- Use the information found to search for the family in church records
- Use the information found to search for the family in additional state and county records
I Can't Find the Person I'm Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]
- There may be more than one person in the records with the same name
- Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for nicknames and abbreviated names
- Look for another index. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records
- Search the indexes and records of nearby counties
- Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor
- Former slaves may have had used multiple names or changed their names until they decided upon one particular name. Search all possible names along with variations or spellings of their known names
Research Helps[edit | edit source]
The following articles will help you in your research for your family in the state of South Carolina.
Related Family History Library Holdings[edit | edit source]
- Records of the field offices for the state of South Carolina, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872: M1910
- Rations issued by Freedmen's Bureau : Sumter District : March 1867
- Rupert Sargent Holland, ed. Letters and diary of Laura M. Towne; written from the Sea Islands of South Carolina, 1862-1884.Cambridge at the Riverside Press, 1912, reprint. New York, New York : Negro Universities Press, 1969. FHL 921.73 T661t
- Austa Malinda French. Slavery in South Carolina and the exslaves, or, The Port Royal mission. New York : W.M. French, 1862. 1 v. FHL 975.7 F2fa
Related FamilySearch Historical Record Collections[edit | edit source]
- Records of the Commissioner
- Records of the Assistant Commissioner
- Superintendent of Education and the Division of Education Records
- Freedmen’s Bank
- 1870 Census
Related Digital Books[edit | edit source]
- Elaine Everly, Willna Pacheli, comp. Preliminary inventory of the records of the field offices of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands : record group 105.Washington, D.C. : National Archives and Records Service, 1973.
National Archives Catalog[edit | edit source]
- NARA Related Photograph of Store for Freedmen Beaufort, South Carolina
- NARA Related Photograph of Office for Freedmen, Beaufort, South Carolina
Citing This Collection[edit | edit source]
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
The citation for this collection can be found on the Collection Details Page in the section Citing this Collection.
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.
How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?[edit | edit source]
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