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Arizona Emigration and Immigration

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{{AZ-sidebar}}{{breadcrumb| link1=[[United States Genealogy|United States]]| link2=[[United States Emigration and Immigration|U.S. Emigration and Immigration]]| link3=[[Arizona Genealogy|Arizona]]| link4=| link5=[[Arizona Emigration and Immigration|Emigration and Immigration]]}} {| width="100%";| valign="top" width="29%" | <br><!-- 1st column - TOC -->__TOC__| valign="top" width="1%" | <!-- 2nd column - blank --> | valign="top" width="50%" | <!-- MIDDLE column -->{{ImmDCleft}}<br><br><br>|}== Online Resources == *[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1082 Border Crossings:From Mexico to U.S., 1895-1964] Index and images ($) *{{RecordSearch|2423050|Texas and Arizona Arrivals, 1903-1910}} - index and images*{{RecordSearch|2299376|Arizona, Douglas, Arrival Manifests, 1906-1955}}, images only ==== Emigration and Immigration ==== The article [[United States Emigration and Immigration]] lists several important sources for finding information about immigrants to this country. These sources include many references to people who settled in Arizona. [[Tracing Immigrant Origins|Tracing Immigrant Origins]] introduces the principles, research strategies, and additional record types you can use to identify an immigrant’s original hometown.  See the [[Arizona Ethnic Groups|Ethnic Groups]] and [[Arizona Naturalization and Citizenship|Naturalization and Citizenship sections]] for further information.  <br>See [[Tracing Latter-day Saint Ancestors|Tracing Latter-day Saint Ancestors]] for records of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) in Illinois. {| style="float:right; |- |{{MormonLDSRemoval}} |} === County Histories === Consult&nbsp;Arizona county wiki pages for available county histories. Many of these histories contain information about ethnic groups which settled that county.  The '''earliest non-Indian settlers ''' of [[Portal:ArizonaGenealogy|Arizona]] generally came into the Gila Valley from Sonora and Sinaloa states of Mexico. During the 1840s and 1850s, prospectors from eastern United States and from Texas passed through the valley on their way to the gold fields of California. Some returned to settle. When military personnel left at the beginning of the Civil War in 1861, the territory was almost abandoned to the Indians. The Apaches remained a serious threat until 1886.
Fort Defiance, established in 1852, was the only significant white outpost north of the Gila Valley until 1863, when politicians from northern states established Prescott as the first territorial capital. Phoenix, founded by an Englishman in 1867, became the territorial capital in 1889.
Mormon Latter-day Saint settlers from Utah established communities, such as Snowflake, on the Little Colorado River of northern Arizona in the 1870s and 1880s. Mormons Members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and others also founded new towns and cities in the Gila and Salt River valleys in the southern part of the state. Mesa was one of these southern Arizona Mormon towns.  Most cities and towns of Arizona had been founded by 1900, but some mining communities experienced new growth in the 1920s when an ethnically varied population entered the state, including Italians, Mexicans, Cornishmen, and Slavs. Today, most Arizonans identify themselves as Anglo, Mexican, Indian, Black, or Chinese. Many prominent families of southern Arizona are Mexican, and intermarriage across the border is common. A few records of ethnic groups such as Slavs and Spanish are listed in the FamilySearch Catalog under ARIZONA - MINORITIES.  There was no port of entry common to settlers of Arizona. Some came through Gulf Coast ports, others through Pacific ports, still others through East Coast ports and then overland to Arizona. For detailed information on passenger lists, see [[United States Emigration and Immigration]]. ''' Additional Sources '''*'''1911-2000''' - {{RecordSearch|3031544|Arizona, Yavapai County, Pioneers' Home Resident Ledger and Index, 1911-2000}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/1154298?availability=Family%20History%20Library Arizona State Archives. Arizona Pioneers' Home resident ledger and index Prescott, Arizona. FamilySearch Catalog] == Mexican Border Crossing Records == Numerous Mexicans came to Arizona in the late 19th and early 20th century. Records of 20th century Mexican border crossings are available at the National Archives and Family History Library. These include:<br>  *{{FHL|1125731|title-id|disp=Aros Ranch, Douglas, Lochiel, Naco and Nogales, Arizona, alien arrivals 1906-1910}} <br><br> *{{FHL|1125728|title-id|disp=Douglas, alien arrivals 1906-1955}} <br> *{{FHL|1193845|title-id|disp=Naco, index and manifests 1908-1952 }}<br> *{{FHL|1193927|title-id|disp=Nogales, index and manifests 1905-1952}}<br> *{{FHL|830288|title-id|disp=San Luis, alphabetical manifests 1929-1952}} *{{FHL|1139108|title-id|disp=Sasabe/San Fernanodo, index and manifests 1919-1952}} <br> === Mexican Labor in Arizona ===*[https://repository.arizona.edu/handle/10150/553962 ''The History of Mexican Labor in Arizona During the Territorial Period''] by Joseph Franklin Park - Thesis paper, paper == References == ''[[Arizona Genealogy|Arizona]] Research Outline].'' Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.  :NOTE: All of the information from the original research outline has been imported into this Wiki site and is being updated as time permits.
Most cities and towns of {{Arizona had been founded by 1900, but some mining communities experienced new growth in the 1920s when an ethnically varied population entered the state, including Italians, Mexicans, Cornishmen, and Slavs. Today, most Arizonans identify themselves as Anglo, Mexican, Indian, Black, or Chinese. Many prominent families of southern |Arizona are Mexican, and intermarriage across the border is common. A few records of ethnic groups such as Slavs and Spanish are listed in the Family History Library Catalog under ARIZONA - MINORITIES. }}
There was no port of entry common to settlers of [[Category:Arizona. Some came through Gulf Coast ports, others through Pacific ports, still others through East Coast ports and then overland to Arizona. For detailed information on passenger lists, see the United States Research Outline.<br> <!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors --> ]][[Category:United States Emigration and Immigration|1]] [[Category:ArizonaMexicans]]
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