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African American Resources for Michigan

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==Online Resources==
*[ University of Detroit Mercy Black Abolitionist Archives]
*[ Brown v. Board of Education Digital Archive], University of Michigan Library*[ Slavery petitions and papers]. ($) *[ Negroes in Michigan during the Civil War]($)<br><br>*[ Discover Freedmen] - this site searches all of the Freedmen's Bureau record collections on FamilySearch altogether (and redirects there)*[ Freedman's Bank Records, 1865-1874]*[ United States, Freedmen's Bureau Marriages, 1861-1872]*[ U.S., Freedmen’s Bureau Marriage Records, 1846-1867 ($)]
==Research Strategy==
===Reconstruction Records===
====Freedman’s Bank====
An excellent source is the Freedman’s Savings and Trust Company (visit the [[African American Freedman's Savings and Trust Company Records]] page to learn more). This company was created to assist African American soldiers of the Civil War and freed slaves. Freedman’s Savings and Trust Company signature cards or registers from 3 March 1865 to 25 July 1874 may list the name of the depositor, date of entry, age, birthplace, residence, complexion, name of employer or occupation, wife or husband’s name, death information, children’s names, name of father and mother, brothers’ and sisters’ names, remarks, and signature. Early books sometimes contained the name of the former master or mistress and the name of the plantation. Copies of death certificates were sometimes attached to the entries. The collection is organized alphabetically by state, then city where the bank was located, then date the account was established, then account number.<br>
Online collections of Freedman's Bank records:
*[ United States, Freedman's Bank Records, 1865-1874]
*[ U.S., Freedman's Bank Records, 1865-1871 ($)]
====Freedmen's Bureau====
The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands was created by the US government in 1865 until 1872 to assist former slaves in the southern United States. The Bureau created a wide variety of records extremely valuable to genealogists. Such documents include censuses, marriage records, and medical records. These records often include full names, former masters and plantations, and current residences.<ref>"African American Records: Freedmen's Bureau," "African American Heritage," ''National Archives'', accessed 11 May 2018. </ref> For 1865 and 1866, the section on abandoned and confiscated lands includes the names of the owners of the plantations or homes that were abandoned, confiscated, or leased. It gives the county and location, a description of the house, the number of acres owned, and the number of cabins of former slaves. These films do not appear to contain the names of former slaves.
To find Freedmen's Bureau records:
*[ DiscoverFreedmen] - the search on this site will utilize all of the Freedmen's Bureau records on FamilySearch, including:
**{{RecordSearch|2432941|United States, Freedmen's Bureau Claim Records,1865-1872}}
**{{RecordSearch|2432992|United States, Freedmen's Bureau Hospital and Medical Records, 1865-1872}}
**{{RecordSearch|2475025|United States, Freedmen's Bureau Labor Contracts, Indenture and Apprenticeship Records, 1865-1872}}
**{{RecordSearch|1414908|United States, Freedmen's Bureau Marriages, 1861-1872}}
**{{RecordSearch|2431759|United States, Freedmen's Bureau Ration Records,1865-1872}}
**{{RecordSearch|2515868|United States, Freedmen's Bureau Records of Persons and Articles Hired, 1865-1872 }}
**{{RecordSearch|2515865|United States, Freedmen's Bureau, Freedmen's Court Records, 1865-1872 }}
**{{RecordSearch|2515867|United States, Freedmen's Bureau, Land and Property Records, 1865-1872 }}
**{{RecordSearch|2492627|United States, Freedmen's Bureau, Records of Freedmen's Complaints, 1865-1872 }}
**{{RecordSearch|2427894|United States, Freedmen's Bureau, Records of the Superintendent of Education and of the Division of Education, 1865-1872 }}
Other FamilySearch collections not included:
*{{RecordSearch|2575789|United States Freedmen's Bureau Miscellaneous Records,1865-1872 }}
*{{RecordSearch|2721171|United States Freedmen's Bureau, Records of Freedmen, 1865-1872 }}
*{{RecordSearch|2427901|''United States, Freedmen's Bureau, Records of the Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1872'' }} Images only. These reports primarily contain statistical and historical information.
*More collections are available in the FamilySearch Catalog. Search for "FREEDMEN - MICHIGAN" in the Subjects search bar to find.
Visit the [[African American Freedmen's Bureau Records]] page to learn more about utilizing these records.<br>
===School Records===
===Slavery Records===
===Vital Records===
*[ Michigan Births and Christenings, 1775-1995] - information can include name, gender, birth date and place, race, and parents and their birthplaces
*[ Michigan Marriages, 1868-1925] - lists marriage date and place and the bride and groom’s name, race, residence, age, birthplace, occupation, and witnesses
The Freedmen's Bureau (1865-1872) was created by the US government to assist former slaves in the southern United States. One of their responsibilities was to record the marriages (past and present) of the former slaves. These records can be found in the collections below and include the lists of marriages that occurred previously, marriage certificates, and marriage licenses. The information contained on the records may include the name of the husband and wife/groom and bride, age, occupation, residence, year or date of marriage, by whom, number of children, and remarks.
*[ United States, Freedmen's Bureau Marriages, 1861-1872]
*[ U.S., Freedmen’s Bureau Marriage Records, 1846-1867]
*[ Michigan Deaths and Burials, 1800-1995] - information may include name, gender, death date and place, burial date and place, age, birth date and place, race, marital status, spouse, and parents
*[ Michigan Deaths, 1867-1897] - lists name, death date, gender, race, marital status, age, death place, cause of death, birthplace, occupation, and parents and their residence
===Voting Registers===
==Archives and Libraries==
[ '''Digital Archive: Brown v. Board of Education''']<br>
University of Michigan Library<br>
818 Hatcher Graduate Library South<br>
913 S. University Avenue<br>
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1190<br>
Phone: (734) 764-0400<br>
[ '''Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History''']<br>
315 East Warren Avenue<br>
Detroit, MI 48201<br>
Phone: (313) 494-5800<br>
The Burton Historical Collection has African American records. For further reading, see:
*Melvin E. Banner, ''Black Pioneer in Michigan'' (Midland, Mich.: Pendall Publ., 1973. [ WorldCat entry].
*Reginald Larrie, ''Black Experiences in Michigan History''. Lansing, Mich.: MI History Div., 1975. [ WorldCat entry].
*[,1607,7-153-54463_19313---,00.html State Archives of Michigan,] ''Circular No. 29, African-Americans''. Lansing, Mich.: SAM, 2002.<br><br> [ '''The Southwest Michigan Black Heritage Society''']<br>471 W. South Street, Suite 42A<br>Kalamazoo, MI 49007<br>Phone: (269) 381-9775<br>
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