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{{Bahamas-sidebar}}
 
==Description==
 
==Description==
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The official language of The Bahamas is '''English'''.<br>
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Many people speak an English-based creole language (called '''Bahamian Creole''' or '''Bahamian English''' or Bahamianese).<br>
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'''Haitian Creole''', a French-based creole language is spoken by Haitians and their descendants, who make up of about 25% of the total population. It is known simply as Creole[1] to differentiate it from Bahamian English.  <ref>Wikipedia contributors, "The Bahamas," in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'', https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Bahamas#Languages#:~:text=Languages, accessed 27 Jul 2021.</ref>
    
==Word List(s)==
 
==Word List(s)==
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*[https://theculturetrip.com/caribbean/the-bahamas/articles/15-phrases-to-know-before-visiting-the-bahamas/ 15 Phrases to Know] - Culture Trip
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*[https://www.nassauparadiseisland.com/talk-like-a-bahamian-island-terms-and-phrases Bahamian - Island Terms and Phrases] - Nassau Paradise Island
    
==Alphabet and Pronunciation==
 
==Alphabet and Pronunciation==
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The Bahamian Alphabet is the same as the United States Alphabet.
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Though there is variation between black and white speakers, there is a tendency for speakers to drop /h/ or, in a hypercorrection, to add it to words without it so harm and arm are pronounced the same. The merger occurs most often in the speech of Abaco and north Eleuthera.
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Other characteristics of Bahamian Creole in comparison to English include:[5]
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*Merger of the vowels of fair and fear into [ɛə]
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*Free variation of the "happy" vowel between [ɪ] and [i].
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*The vowel of first merges with that of fuss (into [ʌ]) among some and with the vowel of foist (into [ʌɪ]) in others.
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*As the creole is non-rhotic; /r/ is not pronounced unless it is before a vowel.
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*Final clusters are often simplified, especially when they share voicing (gold > gol, but not milk > *mil).
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*The pin–pen merger occurs.  <ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Bahamian Creole," in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'', https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bahamian_Creole#:~:text=Pronunciation, accessed 27 Jul 2021.</ref>
    
==Language Aids and Dictionaries==
 
==Language Aids and Dictionaries==
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'''Dictionaries'''
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* John A Holm & Alison Watt Shilling, '''''Dictionary of Bahamian English''''', Cold Spring : NY : Lexik House publ., 1982 - [https://www.worldcat.org/title/dictionary-of-bahamian-english/oclc/462132248&referer=brief_results Available at WorldCat]
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*[https://bahamianology.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/2017-DICTIONARY-OF-BAHAMIAN-WORDS-AND-PHRASES.pdf Dictionary of Bahamian Words and Phrases] - Bahamianology
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'''Online Dictionaries'''
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* [https://www.dloc.com/IR00000128/00001 Dictionary of Bahamian English] - Dictionary Library of the Carribean
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'''Langugage Aids'''
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* Patricia Glinton-Meicholas, '''''Talkin' Bahamian : a useful guide to the language of the islands''''', Nassau, Bahamas : Guanima Press in association with the Counsellors Ltd., 1994 - [https://www.worldcat.org/title/talkin-bahamian-a-useful-guide-to-the-language-of-the-islands/oclc/33047287&referer=brief_results Available at WorldCat]
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==Additional Resources==
 
==Additional Resources==
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* Stephanie Hackert, '''''Bahamian Creole''''', Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2013 - [https://www.worldcat.org/title/bahamian-creole/oclc/862725654&referer=brief_results Available at WorldCat]
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* Stephanie Hackert, '''''Urban Bahamian Creole : system and variation''''', Amsterdam : Benjamins, 2004 - [https://www.worldcat.org/title/urban-bahamian-creole-system-and-variation/oclc/231989250&referer=brief_results Available at WorldCat]
    
== References  ==
 
== References  ==
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
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{{Bahamas-sidebar}}
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[[Category:Bahamas]]
 
[[Category:Bahamas]]
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