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Back to [[Portal:Sweden|Sweden Portal Page]]
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| link5=[[Swedish Härad|Härad]]
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The Härad (translated as Administrative County District or in older terms a Hundred) has roots back to early Germanic tribes. It is a geographic division formally used in England, Wales, Denmark, South Australia, in parts of the United States, Germany (Southern Schleswig, Sweden, Finland, and Norway. <br>  
 
The Härad (translated as Administrative County District or in older terms a Hundred) has roots back to early Germanic tribes. It is a geographic division formally used in England, Wales, Denmark, South Australia, in parts of the United States, Germany (Southern Schleswig, Sweden, Finland, and Norway. <br>  
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The Rättegångsbalken (the judicial section) of the 1734 Law stated that the härad was to build and maintain a court house, härad jail, a härads archive, along with the responsibility for a “häradskista” (a chest used to store judicial documents and tools for example the gavel and official seal.) Many responsibilities changed or were taken from the härad with the creation of municipalities and municipal ordinances in 1862. Other responsibilities followed as the population grew and society changed throughout the end of the 1800’s and into the 1900’s. By 1970 there were a total of 226 härads, of which 6 were skeppslag and 1 bergslag.  
 
The Rättegångsbalken (the judicial section) of the 1734 Law stated that the härad was to build and maintain a court house, härad jail, a härads archive, along with the responsibility for a “häradskista” (a chest used to store judicial documents and tools for example the gavel and official seal.) Many responsibilities changed or were taken from the härad with the creation of municipalities and municipal ordinances in 1862. Other responsibilities followed as the population grew and society changed throughout the end of the 1800’s and into the 1900’s. By 1970 there were a total of 226 härads, of which 6 were skeppslag and 1 bergslag.  
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For a list (and select maps) of ''härader'' in Sweden, see [https://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lista_%C3%B6ver_svenska_h%C3%A4rader this article].
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=== Tips  ===
 
=== Tips  ===
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*The office of the häradsskrivare created the mantalslängd (mantals tax records), jordeböcker (real estate tax records) and the tiondelänger (the tithing records.) The häradsskrivare was under the fögderi within the härad.<br>
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*The office of the häradsskrivare created the mantalslängd (mantals tax records), jordeböcker (real estate tax records) and the tiondelänger (the tithing records.) The häradsskrivare was under the fögderi within the härad.
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*Knowing the härad helps you to find the probate or other court records that you might want to search.
 
*Knowing the härad helps you to find the probate or other court records that you might want to search.
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[[Category:Sweden]]
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[[Category:Swedish Jurisdictions]]
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