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51st Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)

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''[[United States of America|United States]]   [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]   [[United States Military Records{{breadcrumb|U.S. Military]]   [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]   link1= [[Virginia|Virginia]]   [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]   | link2=[[Virginia Military Records|Virginia Military]]   [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]   | link3=[[Virginia in the Civil War]]   [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]   | link4=| link5=51st Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)'' }} 
=== Brief History ===
The 51st Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)&nbsp; was formed in August, 1861, with eleven companies. Company L was later assigned to the 23rd Battalion. Its members were recruited in the counties of Wythe, Nelson, Bland, Floyd, and Grayson. During the war it started in General Floyd's and G.C. Wharton's Brigade.<br>Only a handful remained after the Battle of Waynesborough. The field officers were Colonels Augustus Forsberg and Gabriel C. Wharton; Lieutenant Colonels George A. Cunningham, James W. Massie, and John P. Wolfe; and Majors William T. Akers, Stephen M. Dickey, D.P. Graham, D.S. Hounshell, and William A. Yonce.&nbsp;<ref name="cwss">National Park Service, [http soldiers-and-sailors-database.htm The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System], (accessed 6 November 2010).</ref>
=== Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin ===
Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.
<br>Page 100-101, History of Patrick County, Virginia {{FHL|121546|item|disp=FHL book 975.581 H2m}} states "According to all available records, more Patrick Countians served in the 51st Regiment of Virginia Infantry than in any other regiment. While our records may not be complete, it appears that at least 370 men from the county served in this unit at one time or another in the war." Company A (Capt. Stephen M. Dickey's Company)&nbsp; - many men from [[Grayson County, Virginia|Grayson County]]  Company B (Nelson Rifles) - many men from [[Nelson County, Virginia|Nelson County]]
Company A D (Capt. Stephen M. Dickey's Ezekiel Youngs Company)&nbsp; - many men from [[Grayson County<br>Company B (Nelson Rifles) - many men from Nelson , Virginia|Grayson County]]
Company D CompanyE ( Capt. Ezekiel Youngs CompanyWythe Rifles) - many men from Grayson [[Wythe County, Virginia|Wythe County]] and [[Nelson County, Virginia|Nelson County]]
CompanyE Company &nbsp;I&nbsp; (Wythe RiflesCapt. John P. Wolfe's Company) - many men from Wythe [[Washington County, Virginia|Washington County]]
Company &nbsp;IK (Bland Tigers) - &nbsp;many men from [[Bland County, Virginia|Bland County]]; however, on page 287, {{FHL|498411|item|disp=FHL book 975.5 M2vr v. 29}} titled A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations 1861-1865 states that the company from Bland County in this regiment was Company F (Bland Tigers)  Company&nbsp; L ([[Tazewell County, Virginia|Tazewell County]] Company) - &nbsp;An eleven-piece band  <br>  The above information is from ''51st Virginia Infantry'', by James A. Davis
=== Other Sources ===
*[[Beginning United States Civil War Research|Beginning United States Civil War Research]] gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier or sailor. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in Virginia in the Civil War and United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865. <br>
*National Park Service, [http soldiers-and-sailors-database.htm The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System], is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information. <br>
*[[Virginia in the Civil War|Virginia in the Civil War]] describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for Virginia, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc. <br>
*[[United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865|United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865]] describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc. <br>
*Davis, James A. ''51st Virginia infantry.'' (Lynchburg, Virginia : H.E. Howard, c1984), {{FHL|122535|item|disp=FHL book 975.5 M2vr v. 9}}
*Sifakis, Stewart. ''Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia''. New York, NY: Facts on File, 1992- 1995. (Family History Library book {{FHL|476605|title-id|disp=975 M2ss}}, Ten Volumes.) This gives organization information for each unit and its field officers, assignments, and battles. It also lists sources further reading. Volume 5 is for Virginia. <br>
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[[Category:Virginia_-_Military_-_Civil_War,_1861-1865]] [[Category:Sandbox]]
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