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Arizona Emigration and Immigration

127 bytes added, 18:59, 27 August 2008
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[[Portal:United States Emigration and Immigration|Portal:United States Emigration and Immigration ]]>[[Arizona|Arizona]]
 
The earliest non-Indian settlers of [[Portal:Arizona|Arizona]] generally came into the Gila Valley from Sonora and Sinaloa states of Mexico. During the 1840s and 1850s, prospectors from eastern United States and from Texas passed through the valley on their way to the gold fields of California. Some returned to settle. When military personnel left at the beginning of the Civil War in 1861, the territory was almost abandoned to the Indians. The Apaches remained a serious threat until 1886.
Most cities and towns of Arizona had been founded by 1900, but some mining communities experienced new growth in the 1920s when an ethnically varied population entered the state, including Italians, Mexicans, Cornishmen, and Slavs. Today, most Arizonans identify themselves as Anglo, Mexican, Indian, Black, or Chinese. Many prominent families of southern Arizona are Mexican, and intermarriage across the border is common. A few records of ethnic groups such as Slavs and Spanish are listed in the Family History Library Catalog under ARIZONA - MINORITIES.
There was no port of entry common to settlers of Arizona. Some came through Gulf Coast ports, others through Pacific ports, still others through East Coast ports and then overland to Arizona. For detailed information on passenger lists, see the United States Research Outline.<br> <!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors -->
== Mexican Border Crossing Records ==
Numerous Mexicans came to Arizona in the late 19th and early 20th century. Records of 20th century Mexican border crossings are available at the National Archives and Family History Library. These include:<br>
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=1125731&disp=Lists+of+aliens+arriving+at+Brownsville++ Aros Ranch, Douglas, Lochiel, Naco and Nogales, Arizona, alien arrivals 1906-1910] <br>
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=1125728&disp=Manifests+of+alien+arrivals+at+Douglas2++ Douglas, alien arrivals 1906-1955] <br>
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=1193927&disp=Index+and+manifests+of+alien+arrivals+at++ Nogales, index and manifests 1905-1952]<br>
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=1139108&disp=Index+and+manifests+of+alien+arrivals+at++ Sasabe/San Fernanodo, index and manifests 1919-1952] <br>
 
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[[Category:Arizona]]
 
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