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North Carolina in the Civil War

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''[[United States{{breadcrumb|United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  link1=[[North Carolina, United States Military Records|U.S. Military]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865|U.S. Civil War]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[North CarolinaGenealogy|North Carolina]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  | link2=[[North Carolina Military Records|North Carolina Military Records]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  | link3=| link4=| link5=[[North Carolina in the Civil War|North Carolina in the Civil War]]'' }}
<br>[[Image:{{CapturePlymouth,NC}}]]
=== Introduction ===
North Carolina seceded from the Union in May of 1861. However, soldiers from the state served in both the Union and Confederate armies.
North Carolina contributed more troops to the Confederacy than any other state. The city of Wilmington had an important port. Many of the exports and imports for the Confederacy went through this port.<ref name="wikipedia">Wikipedia.com. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Carolina_in_the_American_Civil_War North Carolina in the American Civil War] (accessed 7 March 2011)</ref>
=== North Carolina Military Units ===
Most units were numbered, however, many especially in the Confederate forces were named. See the table below for lists of the regiments, battalions, batteries, and other units. <br>
The information in the lists of North Carolina Military Units comes from the [httphttps://www.itd.nps.gov/cwsscivilwar/ soldiers-and-sailors-database.htm Civil War Soldiers and Sailors] web site. That web site also can be searched by the name of a soldier.
<br> <center>'''North Carolina Confederate Units by Number or by Name'''</center><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(255,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 30px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px"></div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px">'''''Confed. Units'''''</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Confederate Units 1st through 4th|1st-4th]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Confederate Units 5th through 19th|5th-19th]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Confederate Units 20th through 59th|20th- 59th]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Confederate Units 60th through 120th|60th- 120th]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Confederate Units A through L|A-L]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Confederate Units M-Z|M-Z]]</div><div style="width: 100%; float: left"><br><center>'''North Carolina Confederate Units by Type of Unit'''</center></div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(255,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 30px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px"></div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px">'''''Confed. Units'''''</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Confederate Infantry Units|Infantry]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Confederate Cavalry Units|Cavalry]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Confederate Artillery Units|Artillery]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Confederate Reserve Units|Reserves]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Confederate Local Units|Local Units]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Other Confederate Units|Other]]</div>
<br>
<br>
<center>'''North Carolina Union Units by Number'''</center><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(255,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 30px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px"></div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px">'''''Union Units'''''</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Union Units 1st through 3rd|1st-3rd]]</div></div>
<br>
=== Records and Resources ===
For an Internet site with information about North Carolina in the Civil War and links to related web sites, see: <br>
*Hewett, Janet B. ''The Roster of Union soldiers, 1861-1865. '' (Wilmington, North Carolina&nbsp;: Broadfoot Pub. Co., c1997-2000) {{FHL|779026|item|disp=FHL 973 M29h v. 1 through v. 31}} *Weaver, Jeffrey C. ''"[http://www.newrivernotes.com/cw_nc/index.html North Carolina Civil War Home Page]"'' [database on-line]. N.p., 22 February 1999&nbsp;(accessed&nbsp;11 March 2011). This site has information about election statistics, lists of confederate units, descendant organizations, and unit histories.
=== Union ===
'''Compiled Service Records''' - The [http://go.fold3.com/civilwar_records Compiled Service Records] ($) (Fold3.com) of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of North Carolina are available online. In the future, these records will be [http://www.archives.gov/press/press-releases/2007/nr07-41.html made available at no charge] through the National Archives web site. The service records are also available at no charge at [http://www.archives.gov/locations/archival-research.html National Archives research rooms]. The compiled service records consist of an envelope containing card abstracts taken from muster rolls, returns, pay vouchers, and other records. Service records may provide rank, unit, date of enlistment, length of service, age, place of birth, and date of death. For more information see [[Union Service Records|Union Service Records]].
*'''A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:1861-1865'''- {{RecordSearch|1932416|North Carolina in the Civil War}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index
'''A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:'''  [[North_CarolinaNorth Carolina,_Civil_War_Service_Records_of_Union_Soldiers_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records)Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers - FamilySearch Historical Records|North Carolina, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers (- FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
==== Navy ====
[http://wwwsites.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ncusct/uscnavy.htm African American Sailors in the Union Navy from North Carolina] has alphabetical lists of the sailors with age, complexion, occupation, and home. The home is often a state only, but sometimes a county is given.<br>
==== Pensions ====
==== Service Records ====
*{{RecordSearch|1932376|North Carolina, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers, 1861-1865}} — index
 
<br>
For lists of North Carolina Confederate soldiers, see:
 
*Davis, Charles C. ''Clark's regiments, an extended index&nbsp;: to the histories of the several regiments and battalions from North Carolina in the Great War, 1861-1865.'' (Gretna, Louisiana&nbsp;: Pelican Pub. Co., c2001), {{FHL|1015670|item|disp=FHL book 975.6 M2hs 1966 index}}.
 
*Hewett, Janet B. ''North Carolina Confederate soldiers, 1861-1865.'' (Wilmington, North Carolina : Broadfoot Pub. Co., c1999), {{FHL|822497|item|disp=FHL book 975.6 M2}}.
 
*Manarin, Louis H. ''North Carolina troops, 1861-1865&nbsp;: a roster.'' (Raleigh, North Carolina: State Department of Archives and History, 1966-), {{FHL|147534|item|disp=FHL book 975.6 M2nc}}
*Manarin, Lois H., and Weymouth T. Jordan, comps. ''North Carolina Troops, 1861–1865: A Roster''. 15 vols. Raleigh, North Carolina: State Department of Archives and History, 1966–. (Family History Library book {{FHL|975.6 M2nc|disp=975.6 M2nc}}; film {{FHL|1697997|film|disp=1697997}} item 3 has vol. 13; fiche {{FHL|6088179|film|disp=6088179}} has vols. 1–13, film {{FHL|147534|title-id|disp=1425054}} item 20 has vol. 14.) This series contains extensive biographical information about soldiers in the Confederate army, beginning with the 1st regiment and ending with the 56th. Information may include the soldier’s age, occupation, residence at time of enlistment, county of birth, date of enlistment, service information, transfers, desertions, hospital confinement, and death during the war. Each volume is indexed. A combined index for all volumes is:
*''Roster (Index) of North Carolina Troops in the War between the States''. Raleigh, North Carolina: North Carolina Dept. of Archives and History, 1958. (Family History Library films {{FHL|194214|film|disp=194214}}–28.)
'''Compiled Service Records''' - The [http://go.fold3.com/civilwar_records Compiled Service Records] ($) (Fold3.com) of Confederate soldiers who served in organizations from the state of North Carolina are available online. In the future, these records will be [http://www.archives.gov/press/press-releases/2007/nr07-41.html made available at no charge] through the National Archives web site. The compiled service records consist of an envelope containing card abstracts taken from muster rolls, returns, pay vouchers, and other records. Service records may provide rank, unit, date of enlistment, length of service, age, place of birth, and date of death. For more information see [[Confederate Service Records|Confederate Service Records]].
==== Pensions ====
*North Carolina. State Auditor. ''Applications for Confederate Soldier’s and Widow’s Pensions, 1885–ca. 1953''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1958, 1988; Raleigh, North Carolina: North Carolina Department of Archives and History. (On 105 Family History Library films beginning with {{FHL|175779|film|disp=175779}}; indexed on Family History Library film {{FHL|1547723|film|disp=1547723}}) Applications may give age, residence, service information, death information about the soldier, name of the widow, and sometimes children’s and grandchildren’s names. If a widow remarried and her second husband died, she could still apply for a pension because of the service of the first husband.
 
*'''1885-1953''' - {{RecordSearch|1911763|North Carolina, Confederate Soldiers and Widows Pension Applications, 1885-1953}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — images
'''Confederate Pension applications (After 1901)'''
In 1901, the General Assembly of North Carolina passed a new pension law (Chapter 332). Under the new act "Every person who has been for twelve months immediately preceeding his or her application for pension bona fide resident of the State, and who is incapacitated for manual labor and was a soldier or a sailor in the service of the State of North Carolina or of the Confederate States of America, during the war between the States (provided, said widow was married to said soldier or sailor before the first day of April, 1865)" was entitled to a pension. The pensioners were divided into four classes: First class, totally incompetent from wounds to perform manual labor, $72.00 per year; second class, those who lost a leg above the knee or an arm above the elbow, $60.00 annually; third class, those who lost a foot or leg below the knee or a hand or an arm below the elbow or had a limb rendered useless from a wound, $48.00 annually; fourth class, those who lost one eye, widows, and those unfit for manual labor, $30.00 annually. Certain persons were excluded from benefits under general pension acts. No person holding a national, state, or county office for which he received $300.00 annually, no person with property valued at $500.00 or more, or no person receiving aid under laws for relief of totally blind and maimed was eligible (inmates of the Soldiers' Home, recipients of pensions from other states, and deserters were excluded from benefits under the pension acts, although inmates of the Soldiers' Home were granted quarterly allowences allowances of $1.50 in 1909 -- increased to $3.00 quarterly in 1913). Practically each succeeding General Assembly made some change in the pension laws. These changes are reflected in the collected series of applications and are too numerous to mention.
'''Confederate Pension applications (After 1901) supplement'''
This collection of documents were originally a part of the 1901 series, but during the last few years the State Archives of North Carolina staff has been carefully reexamining each file in the collection: [http://digital.ncdcr.gov/cdm/home/collections/1901-confederate-pension-applications Confederate Pension Applications] . As a result these documents were found that were written before 1901. The staff hasn't completed its task yet, in fact, it's only about half way through. So this collection only goes from A to K. These documents will probably be merged with the 1885 series in the future, about right now are a separate series. Most of the documents in the series are applications for entrance into the Soldier's Home. Since some of the people in this series aren't included in either of the other series they are all shown here.
'''A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:'''
[[North Carolina Confederate Soldier's and Widow's Pension Applications (- FamilySearch Historical Records)|North Carolina Confederate Soldier's and Widow's Pension Applications (- FamilySearch Historical Records)]] ==== Confederate Prisoners of War ==== *[https://search.findmypast.com/search-world-Records/united-states-records-of-confederate-prisoners-of-war-1861-1865-browse United States, Records Of Confederate Prisoners Of War, 1861-1865] at findmypast - Index
=== Unit Histories ===
A useful source for learning more about the Civil War records of North Carolina is:
*''Guide to Civil War Records in the North Carolina State Archives''. Raleigh, North Carolina: North Carolina Department of Archives and History, 1966. (Family History Library book {{FHL|975.6 A3n|disp=975.6 A3n}}; film {{FHL|175629|title-id|disp=908225}} item 2.)<br> ==== Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) ==== Grand Army of the Republic founded in 1866 - 1956, was the largest veteran’s organization in the country after the Civil War. It was a fraternal organization members were veterans of the Union Army, US Navy, Marines and Revenue Cutler Service who served in the American Civil War. The group supported voting rights for black veterans, and lobbied the U.S. Congress to establish veterans' pensions. In 1890 the membership was 490,000. In 1888 there were ------ posts and ------ members in the state of North Carolina  [http://suvcw.org/garposts/nc.pdf GAR Posts in the State of North Carolina]  ==== Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War ==== With the death of the last member of the Grand Army of the Republic the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War was formed.
=== <br> ===
=== References ===
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