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Arizona Emigration and Immigration

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[ United States Emigration and Immigration ]>[[Arizona|Arizona]]
==== Emigration and Immigration ==== The article [[United States Emigration and Immigration]] lists several important sources for finding information about immigrants to this country. These sources include many references to people who settled in Arizona. [[Tracing Immigrant Origins|Tracing Immigrant Origins]] introduces the principles, research strategies, and additional record types you can use to identify an immigrant’s original hometown.  See the [[Arizona_Ethnic_Groups|Ethnic Groups]] and [[Arizona_Naturalization_and_Citizenship|Naturalization and Citizenship ]]sections for further information.  <br>See [[Tracing LDS Ancestors|Tracing LDS Ancestors]] for records of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) in Illinois. === County Histories === Consult&nbsp;Arizona county wiki pages for available county histories. Many of these histories contain information about ethnic groups which settled that county. The '''earliest non-Indian settlers ''' of [[Arizona|Arizona]] generally came into the Gila Valley from Sonora and Sinaloa states of Mexico. During the 1840s and 1850s, prospectors from eastern United States and from Texas passed through the valley on their way to the gold fields of California. Some returned to settle. When military personnel left at the beginning of the Civil War in 1861, the territory was almost abandoned to the Indians. The Apaches remained a serious threat until 1886.
Fort Defiance, established in 1852, was the only significant white outpost north of the Gila Valley until 1863, when politicians from northern states established Prescott as the first territorial capital. Phoenix, founded by an Englishman in 1867, became the territorial capital in 1889.
== Mexican Border Crossing Records ==
Numerous Mexicans came to Arizona in the late 19th and early 20th century. Records of 20th century Mexican border crossings are available at the National Archives and Family History Library. These include:<br>
*{{FHL|1125731|title-id|disp=Aros Ranch, Douglas, Lochiel, Naco and Nogales, Arizona, alien arrivals 1906-1910}} <br><br> *{{FHL|1125728|title-id|disp=Douglas, alien arrivals 1906-1955}} <br> *{{FHL|1193845|title-id|disp=Naco, index and manifests 1908-1952 }}<br> *{{FHL|1193927|title-id|disp=Nogales, index and manifests 1905-1952}}<br>
*{{FHL|830288|title-id|disp=San Luis, alphabetical manifests 1929-1952}}
*{{FHL|1139108|title-id|disp=Sasabe/San Fernanodo, index and manifests 1919-1952}} <br>
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