Tonkawa Tribe

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Introduction[edit | edit source]

Various spellings: Tonkawa, Tonkaway

Ancestral homeland: central Texas Population: 1984: Total enrollment 181. [1]

Tribal Headquarters[edit | edit source]

Tonkawa Tribe of Oklahoma
1 Rush Buffalo Road
Tonkawa, OK 74653-4449
Phone: 580-628-2561
Website

History[edit | edit source]

Brief History[edit | edit source]

Brief Timeline[edit | edit source]

1530's: First contact with Spanish explorers: Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca

1540's: Francisco Vasquez de Coronado

1682: Rene Robert Cavelier de La Salle's Expedition

1847-59: The tribe was under the jurisdiction of the Texas Agency

1846: Treaty with the Comanche, Aionai, Anadarko, Caddo, Etc.,

1855: The tribe assigned to a reservation in Texas.

1857: The Tribe moved to Oklahoma settled near Anadarko.

Tonkawa scouts served with the Texas Rangers against the Comanche.

1859: The tribe was under the jurisdiction of the Wichita Agency

1861-65: Tonkawa braves served as scouts for the Confederate Army

1862: raiding party attacked the Tonkawa killin 167 men, women, and children. Settled on the Oakland reservation near Ponc City.

1859: The tribe was relocated to Washita River in Indian Territory

1865: Some members of the Tribe fled to Texas until 1884

1876-80: In Texas the tribe was under the jurisdiction of the Central Superintendency.

1884: Those who had fled to Texas removed to Indian Territory.

1887: Tonkawa land were allotted

1938: Adoped a onstitution. .

Agency[edit | edit source]

Pawnee Agency  (Nebraska and Oklahoma)

Texas Agency

Wichita Agency

Reservations[edit | edit source]

Superintendency[edit | edit source]

Southern Superintendency

Central Superintendency

Additional References to the History of the Tribe[edit | edit source]

Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Tonkawa tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods.

Records[edit | edit source]

The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:


Agency Records[edit | edit source]

Tonkawa Records(Allotment,School,and Vital)1895-1952. FHL|Films: 1205529 and 1204634

Correspondence and Census[edit | edit source]

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records

Pre-1880 Correspondence

M234 RG 75 Rolls 962

Roll Number

FHL

Film

Number

Post 1885-Census

M595 RG 75 Rolls 693

Roll Number

FHL

Film

Number

Tonkawa Pawnee Agency, 1871-1964 Washington D.C. and Fort Worth Rolls 661-68 - Rolls 338-43, 386-91

Films

579746-579753

Tonkawa Texas Agency, 1847-59 Washington D.C. Rolls 857-61 - - -
Tonkawa Wichita Agency, 1859-78 Washington D.C. Rolls 927-30 - - -

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Tribally owned 160.00 acres. Allotted land: 238.24 acres [2]

Treaty[edit | edit source]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Important Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Indian Reservations A State and Federal Handbook. Compiled by The Confederation of American Indians, New York, N.Y. McFarland and Co. Inc., Jefferson, North Carolina, c. 1986. FHL book 970.1 In2 page 242
  2. Indian Reservations A State and Federal Handbook. Compiled by The Confederation of American Indians, New York, N.Y. McFarland and Co. Inc., Jefferson, North Carolina, c. 1986. FHL book 970.1 In2 page 242

Bibliography[edit | edit source]