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County Cork (Irish: Contae Chorcaí) is a county in Ireland. It is located in the province of Munster. The county town is the city of Cork.
- 1 Background
- 2 Resources
- 3 Archives and Libraries
- 4 Societies
- 5 Websites
- 6 References
Background[edit | edit source]
County Cork is a maritime county of the province of Munster, and the largest in Ireland, bounded on the east by the counties of Tipperary and Waterford, on the north by that of Limerick, on the west by that of Kerry, and on the south-west, south, and south-east by St. George's Channel. As of 1837, County Cork comprises an area of 1,725,100 acres. The population in 1821 was 629,786 and in 1831, 700,359. The distance from Youghal to Crow Head is 102 miles, greatest length in the county.
The name Cork comes from the Gaelic word Corcaigh, meaning "marsh". The major towns are Bandon, Cohb, Cork, Fermoy, Kinsale, Mallow, Skibbereen, and Youghal.
In the sixth century, a monastery and school were established in the City of Cork. Later in the ninth century, the Norse Vikings raided and settled in Cork. The Normans invaded the area in the twelfth century and became part of the kingdom of Desmond. Several rebellions from English rule occurred from the late sixteenth into the mid-seventeenth century.
The populace of Cork suffered extreme hardship during the Great Famine. Dates for the famine vary, but include the years 1845 to 1850, give or take. Cork's population dropped more than 25% between 1841 and 1851, of which about 150,000 died and 50,000 emigrated.
The population was 854,118 in 1841, but then began to decrease to 361,877 in 1926. In 2006, the population was 489,286. In 1871, 91.5% of the population were Roman Catholic with 7.1% of the Church of Ireland, 0.3% Presbyterians and 0.5% Methodists. In 1926, 94.3% were Roman Catholic with 4.9% Church of Ireland. As of 2016, the county's population was 542,196.
Further information about County Cork is available at GENUKI.
Resources[edit | edit source]
Cemeteries[edit | edit source]
Census[edit | edit source]
- Cork Census Surname Indexes
- Burnt census fragments salvaged from the 1922 destruction of the Four Courts, Dublin
Church Records[edit | edit source]
- List of County Cork Catholic Parishes
- O'Kief, Coshe Mang, Slieve Lougher and Upper Blackwater in Ireland
- 1766 - The Records (Protestant and Catholic) of the Diocese of Cloyne in the year 1766
- 1765-1768 - Records of the diocese of Cloyne
- 1623-1750 - Index to the Marriage License Bonds of the Diocese of Cork and Ross, Ireland
Society of Friends
Civil Registration[edit | edit source]
- 1845-1913 - Ireland Civil Registration, 1845-1913 at FamilySearch — index and images
- 1845-1958 - Ireland Civil Registration Indexes, 1845-1958 at FamilySearch — index and images
Civil Jurisdictions[edit | edit source]
- List of County Cork Civil Parishes
Estate Records[edit | edit source]
Genealogy[edit | edit source]
Land and Property[edit | edit source]
- 1737-1818 - Irish estates belonging to the Heathcote family, 1737-1818
- 1831 - County of Cork, a schedule of presentments granted at ...Assizes, 1831
- 1831 - 1856 - Ireland, Valuation Office Books, 1831-1856 at FamilySearch — index and images
- 1848-1868 - Valuation office miscellaneous books, County Cork, 1848-1868
- 1851-1853 - General valuation of rateable property in Cork County, 1851-1853
- 1859-1935 - Valuation lists for the urban district of Macroom, Macroom Electoral Division, Cork County, 1859-1935
Maps[edit | edit source]
There is an amazingly detailed interactive map from Ordnance Survey Ireland that covers not only Cork, but the whole of Ireland. You can zoom in to see extremely fine detail. The map provides historic map overlays (see the check boxes underneath "Data Catalogue") that clearly show the townlands, roads, towns, homes, fields, estates, etc. Some churches and cemeteries are included. Several overlays are provided.
Military[edit | edit source]
Newspapers[edit | edit source]
- FindMyPast ($) has thousands of newspapers from County Cork available online.
Other Records[edit | edit source]
Place-Names[edit | edit source]
Here are two important place-name aids/tools for locating your Irish place and its parish jurisdiction(s):
- The IreAtlas Townland Database - click County "Cork"; then click "Submit" to view a complete alphabetical listing of all townlands, towns and townships and the parishes in which they lay
- Topographical Dictionary of Ireland by Samuel A. Lewis - provides a rich 1837 historical perspective of each Ireland parish and large township; great for determining which churches existed in each parish--Church of Ireland or Nonconformist
Poor Law Records[edit | edit source]
Probate[edit | edit source]
- 1858-1897 - Cork District will books, 1858-1897
- 1858-1868 - Cork registry wills, 1858-1868
- 1612-1858, 1548-1858 - Indexes to wills, 1548-1858, and administration bonds, 1612-1858
- 1630-1857, 1621-1858 - Indexes to wills, 1621-1858, and administration bonds, 1630-1857
- 1738-1837, 1690-1858 - Indexes to wills, 1690-1858, and administration bonds, 1738-1837
School[edit | edit source]
Archives and Libraries[edit | edit source]
Societies[edit | edit source]
Websites[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- Lewis, Samuel. "Cork County," A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland, 1837, LibraryIreland, accessed 22 August 2018.
- Wikipedia Contributors, "County Cork," in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/County_Cork. Visited 22 August 2018.