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Guide to Adair County, Iowa ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Greenfield
Organized: May 6, 1854[1]
Parent County(s): Pottawattamie, and non-county area 3[2]
Neighboring Counties
Adams  • Audubon  • Cass  • Dallas  • Guthrie  • Madison  • Union
See County Maps
Iowa, Adair County Courthouse.png
Location Map
Iowa Adair Map.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for John Adair. The County is located in the southwest area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Adair County Courthouse
400 Public Square Ste. 5
Greenfield, IA 50849
Phone: 641-743-2546
Adair County Website

Adair County, Iowa Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1880 1870 1880 1852 1854 1852 1847
* Statewide registration started for births in July 1880 and for deaths Jan 1891. General compliance by 1924.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

1889 Courthouse burned and most court records were destroyed. For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[8]

Unincorporated communities
  • North Beach
  • Prussia
  • Rosserdale
  • Zion
Ghost towns
  • Stanzel

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

  • Iowa Biographies Project at Rootsweb. Click titles to see alphabetical list of biographies in that title, some with links.

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Adair County, Iowa online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Iowa Cemeteries for more information.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 984
1870 3,982 304.7%
1880 11,667 193.0%
1890 14,534 24.6%
1900 16,192 11.4%
1910 14,420 −10.9%
1920 14,259 −1.1%
1930 13,891 −2.6%
1940 13,196 −5.0%
1950 12,292 −6.9%
1960 10,893 −11.4%
1970 9,487 −12.9%
1980 9,509 0.2%
1990 8,409 −11.6%
2000 8,243 −2.0%
2010 7,682 −6.8%
Source: "".

Iowa recorded not only the federal census but state census through out the years too. The state census contains very valuable genealogical information. Where the census information can be found, what years it was taken, mortality schedules, census substitutions and much more is discussed in the Iowa Census article.

State Census

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Most church records are held by individual churches. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information about these major repositories, see Iowa Church Records.


Court Records[edit | edit source]

For more information about the courts in Iowa see the Iowa Court Records page.

  • 1907-1924 Affidavit index, 1907-1924. Adair County (Iowa). Clerk of the District Court (Main Author). At FamilySearch Catalog — Affidavits concerning land transactions.

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. They include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Iowa Land and Property for information about early Iowa land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, transactions were usually recorded and housed at the county courthouse.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Adair County, which may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see Iowa Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Guthrie CountyDallas CountyAudubon CountyCass CountyMadison CountyAdams CountyUnion CountyIA ADAIR.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Early migration routes to and from Adair County for European settlers included:

  • 1846 Mormon Trail from Nauvoo, Illinois to Salt Lake City, Utah.
Green check.png
The usage of "Mormon" and "LDS" on this page is approved according to current policy.

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Multiple Wars

For more information about the military in Adair see the Iowa Military Records page.

Civil War
Civil War service men in Adair county served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed here:

- 4th Regiment, Iowa Cavalry, Company I
- 29th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company D

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

In most counties in Iowa, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Iowa tax records complement land records and can supplement the years between censuses. Iowa's unique Old Age Assistance tax gives names, addresses and birth years. There may be gaps of several years. For more information, see the wiki page Iowa Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded by civil officials on registers, certificates, and other documents. Copies or extracts may be purchased from the Iowa Department of Public Health or the County Clerk's office. See also Iowa Vital Records.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

To locate the closest family history center or affiliate library, use the link listed above.

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Adair Public Library
310 Audubon
Adair, IA 50002-0276

Casey Public Library
PO Box 178
Casey, IA 500048

Greenfield Public Library
202 S First St
PO Box 328
Greenfield, IA 50849

Museums[edit | edit source]

Adair County Historical Museum
2393 S Lakeview Dr
Greenfield, IA 50849

Societies[edit | edit source]

Adair County Anquestors Genealogy Society
c/o Greenfield Public Library
PO Box 328
Greenfield, IA 50849-0328

Adair County Iowa Historical Society
2393 S Lakeview Dr
Greenfield, IA 50849

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Iowa Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accessed on 11 April 2021.
  2. Iowa Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accessed on 11 April 2021.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Adair, Iowa," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, ",_Iowa." accessed on 11 April 2021
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Iowa.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Iowa Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accessed on 11 April 2021.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Iowa.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Iowa Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library; accessed on 11 April 2021.
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Adair County, Iowa," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Iowa, accessed 11 April 2021.