Wallis and Futuna Languages

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Description[edit | edit source]

Wallis and Futuna, officially the Territory of the Wallis and Futuna Islands, is a French island collectivity in the South Pacific, situated between Tuvalu to the northwest, Fiji to the southwest, Tonga to the southeast, Samoa to the east, and Tokelau to the northeast. [1]

Languages spoken on Wallis and Futuna, according to the 2018 census: [2]

  • 59.1% Wallisian
  • 27.9% Futunan
  • 12.7% French
    • On Wallis Island:
      • 82.2% Wallisian
      • 15.6% French
      • 1.9% Futunan
    • On Futuna:
      • 94.5% Futunan
      • 5.3% French
      • 0.2% Wallisian

Wallisian, or ʻUvean

  • It is the Polynesian language spoken on Wallis Island (also known as ʻUvea).
  • The language is also known as East Uvean to distinguish it from the related West Uvean language spoken on the outlier island of Ouvéa near New Caledonia.
  • The closest language to Wallisian is Niuafo'ou.
  • It is also closely related to Tongan, though part of the Samoic branch, and has borrowed from Tongan due to the Tongan invasion of the island in the 15th and 16th centuries.[3]

Futunan or Futunian

  • It is the Polynesian language spoken on Futuna (and Alofi).
  • The term East-Futunan is also used to distinguish it from the related West Futunan (Futuna-Aniwan) spoken on the outlier islands of Futuna and Aniwa in Vanuatu.
  • The language is closely related to other Western Polynesian languages, Fagauvea, Wallisian, Tongan, Samoan, Tokelau, and Niuafo’ou.
  • This language is a member of the diminishing set of native Pacific languages, it is classified as endangered. [4]

Word List(s)[edit | edit source]

Futunan

French

Wallisian

French Wallisian Futunan English
Bienvenue Malo te fagona Malo le fai folau Welcome
Bonjour Malo Malo Hello
Demain Apogi’pogi Apogipogi Tomorrow
Enfant Tamasi’i ; toe Toe Child
Femme, fille Fafine, taahine Fafine, taine Woman
Hier Anafi Nanafi Yesterday
Île Motu Motu Island
Mari / Homme Ohoana / Tagata Avaga / Tagata Husband, man
Merci Malo tou ofa Malo le alofa Thank
Non Oho Eai No
Oui Ei Eio Yes
Au revoir Nofola / Alula / Tata Nofola / Anola / Tata Goodbye
Bonne nuit Moe la Moe la Good night
Comment vas-tu ? Eke lelei pe ? Eke malie fai ? How are you ?
S’il te plaît Fakalelei siou loto Fakamalie lou loto Please

Alphabet and Pronunciation[edit | edit source]

Futunan

French

The French alphabet is based on the 26 letters of the Latin alphabet, uppercase and lowercase, with five diacritics and two orthographic ligatures.

Letter Name Phonetic Alphabet Diacritics and ligatures
A a /a/ Àà, Ââ, Ææ
B /be/
C /se/ Çç
D /de/
E e /ə/ Éé, Èè, Êê, Ëë
F effe /ɛf/
G /ʒe/
H ache /aʃ/
I i /i/ Îî, Ïï
J ji /ʒi/
K ka /ka/
L elle /ɛl/
M emme /ɛm/
N enne /ɛn/
O o /o/ Ôô, Œœ
P /pe/
Q qu /ky/
R erre /ɛʁ/
S esse /ɛs/
T /te/
U u /y/ Ùù, Ûû, Üü
V /ve/
W double vé /dubləve/
X ixe /iks/
Y i grec /iɡʁɛk/ Ÿÿ
Z zède /zɛd/

The letters w and k are rarely used except in loanwords and regional words. The phoneme /w/ sound is usually written ou; the /k/ sound is usually written c anywhere but before e, i, y, qu before e, i, y, and sometimes que at the ends of words. However, k is common in the metric prefix kilo- (originally from Greek χίλια khilia "a thousand"): kilogramme, kilomètre, kilowatt, kilohertz, etc.

Wallisian

Language Aids and Dictionaries[edit | edit source]

Futunan

French

Wallisian

Additional Resources[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Wallis and Futuna," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wallis_and_Futuna, accessed 28 Jun 2021.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Wallis and Futuna," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wallis_and_Futuna#Languages, accessed 28 Jun 2021.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Wallisian language," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wallisian_language, accessed 28 Jun 2021.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Futunan language," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Futunan_language, accessed 28 Jun 2021.