Wells, Rutland County, Vermont Genealogy

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Brief History[edit | edit source]

The town of Wells was chartered on Sept. 15, 1761 by Benning Wentworth and organized on Mar. 9, 1773. Wells is situated in the southwestern part of Rutland county, and bounded on the north by Poultney and Middletown; on the east by Tinmouth and Middletown; on the south by Pawlet, and on the west by Washington county, New York. When New Hampshire first chartered Wells, it covered more than 23,000 acres. But two separate actions by the Vermont Legislature reduced the area. First, 6,118 acres were taken to help create Middletown in 1784. Then, 14 years later, Poultney annexed another 4,000 acres. Wells now consists of approximated 13,000 acres.

Much of the town's history is connected with Lake St. Catherine, a five-mile long body of water split between Wells and Poultney. Though referred to as St. Catherine as early as 1767 in New York land records, early residents called it Wells Pond, Lake Austin, Lake St. Austin and Lake St. Augustine.

Many people do not realize that three of the primary leaders of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints trace their roots directly to Vermont. The first elder, Joseph Smith, was born in Royalton and his successor, Brigham Young, hailed from Whitingham. But there was another crucial player - Oliver Cowdery of Wells.

During the last 100 years, most development in Wells has concentrated along the shores of Lake St. Catherine. Wells village remains a 19th-century microcosm and because of its character has been designated a historic district on the State Register of Historic Places.1,2

Historical Data[edit | edit source]

Town Histories[edit | edit source]

The History of Wells, Vermont, for the First Century After Its Settlement, Hiland Paul with birographic sketches by Robert Parks, Tuttle & Co. Job Printers, Rutland, 1869; view online.

Historical Photos

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

FamilySearch Historical Records Collection has Vermont birth, death, and marriage records online.

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

The probate district for Wells is Fair Haven.

Fair Haven Probate Court
3 North Park Place
Fair Haven, VT 05743
(802) 265-3380

City Directories[edit | edit source]

Maps[edit | edit source]

1854 Rutland County, Wells map

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

The following is a list of cemeteries in present-day Wells. For location of cemeteries, see Cemeteries of Vermont, Rutland County, website at this link

  • Barden Cemetery - inscriptions at Find A Grave site.
  • East Wells Cemetery - inscriptions at Find A Grave site.
  • First Church (Meeting House) Burial Ground - inscriptions at Find A Grave site.
  • Wells Town Cemetery - inscriptions at Find A Grave site.

Churches[edit | edit source]

1. St. Pauls Episcapol Church
    7 East Wells Road
    Wells, VT 05774

Town Records[edit | edit source]

Town Clerk Vital and Town Records, 1732-2005, can be found on FamilySerach (browse only images) at this link.

The Family History Library has microfilm of original records from the Wells Town Hall.

Wells Town Clerk
108 Vermont 30
Wells, VT 05774‎
Phone: (802) 645-0486
Website: http://www.wellsvermont.com/gov_town_clerk_newcomer_msg.htm

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Rutland Herald online at this link

Libraries and Historical Societies[edit | edit source]

Wells Village Public Library
5 East Wells Road
PO Box 587
Wells, VT 05774
(802) 645-0611
Website: http://wellslibrary.com/

Well Vermont Historical Society

References[edit | edit source]

1. History Rutland County Vermont, Edited by H. P. Smith and W. S. Rann, Syracuse, NY, 1886.
2. Wells: A Combination of the Old and the New, Don Wickman, Rutland Herald Newspaper, Dec.1, 2006.


Adjacent towns: