Wichita People

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Guide to Wichita People ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and other agency records.

Wichita, woman holding braided squash.jpg

To get started in American Indian Research

Various Spellings: Wichita, Witchetaw, Wicheta, Ouichita

Ancestral homeland: in area now Kansas, Oklahoma and Texas.

Tribal Headquarters[edit | edit source]

Wichita and Affiliated Tribes
P.O. Box 729
Anadarko, OK 73005
Phone: 1.405.247.2425
Fax: 1.405.247.2430

Population: 1984: Total enrollment:1,170 [1]

History[edit | edit source]

Brief Timeline[edit | edit source]

  • 1541: Early contact Spanish expedition of Francisco Vasquez de Coronado
  • 1662: Diego Dionisio de Panalosa led an army against the Wichita, defeated the Wichita
  • 1660's: Migrated to Canadian River in what is now Oklahoma
  • 1719: Established trade relations with Bernard de la Harpe
  • 1700's: Osage War parties drove the the Wichita further south to the Red River-(Oklahoma and Texas)
  •  1835 Treaty, August 24, at Camp Holmes Treaty, with the Comanche
  • 1846  Treaty, May 15, at Council Springs Treaty, with the Comanche, Aionai, Anadarko, Caddo, Etc.,
  • 1850: Moved to Wichita Mountains near Fort Sill of the Indian Territory
  • 1859: Assigned a reservation with the Caddo tribe
  • 1872: Reservation established
  • 1901: Wichita and Kiowa-Comanche Reservations are opened to settlement, the lst opening in Oklahoma.

Reservations[edit | edit source]

Reservation is a tract of land set aside for occupation and use by American Indians.

Additional References to the History of the Tribe[edit | edit source]

Agencies[edit | edit source]

The tribe was under the jurisdiction of the following agencies

Texas Agency, Wichita Agency, Kiowa Agency

Superintendencies[edit | edit source]

Records for Superintendencies exist in the National Archives and copies of many of them are also available in other research facilities.

The Wichita were under the jurisdiction of the Southern and Central Superintendencies

Records[edit | edit source]

The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:

Correspondence and Census[edit | edit source]

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records

Pre-1880 Correspondence

M234 RG 75 Rolls 963

Roll Number




Post-1885 Census

M595 RG 75 Rolls 692

Roll Number




Wichita, Indian Territory Oklahoma Kiowa Agency, 1878-1962 Washington D.C. and Fort Worth Rolls 383-86 - Rolls 211-23 FHL Films: 576900-576912
Wichita Texas Agency, 1847-59 Washington D.C. Rolls 858-61 - - -
Wichita Wichita Agency,1857-78 Washington D.C. Rolls 928-30 - - -

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Tribally owned land: 2,602.64 acres. Allotted land: 55,599.92 acres. [2]

Treaties[edit | edit source]

  • 1835 August 24, at Camp Holmes, with the Comanche
  • 1846May 15, at Council Springs, with the Comanche, Aionai, Anadarko, Caddo, Etc.,

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Important Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Indian Reservations A State and Federal Handbook. Compiled by The Confederation of American Indians, New York, N.Y. McFarland and Co. Inc., Jefferson, North Carolina, c. 1986. FHL book 970.1 In2 page 243
  2. Indian Reservations A State and Federal Handbook. Compiled by The Confederation of American Indians, New York, N.Y. McFarland and Co. Inc., Jefferson, North Carolina, c. 1986. FHL book 970.1 In2 page 242

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published