34th Regiment, Tennessee Infantry (4th Confederate Infantry)
The 34th Regiment, Tennessee Infantry (4th Confederate Infantry), also called 1st Mountain Rifle Regiment, was organized during September, 1861, at Camp Smartt, near McMinnville, Tennessee. On April 26, 1865, it surrendered. 
Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin
Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.
- Company A - Captains Joseph Bostick, Leaven Alley - "The Davis Guards." Men from Bridgeport, Alabama.
- Company B - Captains Jeff O. Tarkington, Ezekiel D. Polk - "The Hardin County Boys". Men from Hardin County.
- Company C - Captain William H. Burrough - "The Rhett Artillery" Men from Knox County. This company was transformed into Artillery in December 1861, and Captain Holmes' Company received in its place.
- Company C - Captains John W. Smith, George W. Byrom - "The Ridgeville Guards". Men from Moore (then part of Franklin) County.
- Company D - Captains T.b. Griffin, Jason H. Dicus, W.H. Dicus - "The Jackson Mountaineers." Men from Jackson County.
- Company E - Captain James E. Martin - "The Wilkerson Guards". Men probably from Mississippi.
- Company F - Captains Leslie T. Hardy, Michael Fitzpatrick - "The Acklen Rifles." Men from Davidson County.
- Company G - Captains philip H. Roberts, Davis H. Barnes - "The Overton Rifles." Men from Jackson County, Alabama.
- Company H - Captains Charles D. Jackson, Oliver H.P. Mullins - "The Ensley Guards." Men from Shelby County.
- Company I - Captains John F. Ross, Campbell Brown, George P. Henry - "The Coffee County Guards." Men from Coffee County.
- Company K - Captains D.K. Holmes, David P. Skelton, Henry D. Tipton - Organized at Cumberland Gap. 
- Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier or sailor. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in 'Tennessee in the Civil War' and 'United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865' (see below).
- National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
- Tennessee in the Civil War describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for Tennessee, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
- United States Civil War, 1861-1865 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
- Lindsley, John B. The Military Annals of Tennessee: Confederate, First Series; Embracing a Review of Military Operations, with Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls, Compiled from Original and Official Sources. 1886. Reprint. Spartanburg, South Carolina: Reprint Co., 1974. (Family History Library book 976.8 M2L.) Digital versions at Ancestry ($); Internet Archive. Memorial rolls of the 34th Tennessee Infantry begin on page 490.
- Tennesseans in the Civil War, 34th Tennessee Infantry Regiment, (accessed 22 Oct 2011).
- The Thirty-fourth Tennessee (Confederate) Regiment, a brief history, (accessed 29 Dec 2011).