Cherokee Disturbances and Removal, 1836 to 1839

United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Military Gotoarrow.png Indian Wars, 1780s-1890s Gotoarrow.png Cherokee Disturbances and Removal, 1836-1839

Cherokee Disturbances and Removal, 1836-1839
United States Native Americans


In 1830, the U.S. Congress passed the Indian Removal Acts which gave the federal government power to remove all Native Americans from their lands east of the Mississippi River to territory west of the river. The Indian Intercourse Act, passed in 1834, prohibited white men from settling on Indian territorial lands. It also made provisions for establishing agencies and schools.

Some Indian tribes, especially the Cherokees, refused to leave their homelands east of the Mississippi. In 1838, U.S. troops began forcibly removing the Cherokee Indians from their homes in North Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama and Georgia.

Many of the Indians died of disease, starvation, or exposure. Because of the tragic nature of this journey it was called the "Trail of Tears." By 1850 most of the Indians had been removed to the area that is now the state of Oklahoma.



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