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Chippewa County, Michigan Genealogy

Guide to Chippewa County, Michigan ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Sault Sainte Marie
Organized: February 1, 1827
Parent County(s): Mackinac[1]
Neighboring Counties
Luce  • Mackinac
See County Maps
Michigan, Chippewa County Courthouse.png
Location Map
Michigan, Chippewa County Locator Map.png

County Information


The County was named for the Ojibwe people. The County is located in the northeast area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse

Chippewa County Courthouse
319 Court Street
Sault Sainte Marie, MI 49783
Phone: 906-635-6300
Chippewa County Website

County Clerk has birth records from 1869, marriage records from 1868, death records from 1870, divorce records from 1891 and court records.
Probate Court has probate records.
Register of Deeds has land records. [3]

Chippewa County, Michigan Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1869 1868 1870 1860 1826 1828 1820
*Statewide registration started in 1867 for births and deaths. General compliance by 1915.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

Populated Places

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Unincorporated communities
Native American communities
Ghost towns

History Timeline


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Chippewa County, Michigan online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Michigan Cemeteries for more information


Census Records

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 626
1840 534 −14.7%
1850 898 68.2%
1860 1,603 78.5%
1870 1,689 5.4%
1880 5,248 210.7%
1890 12,019 129.0%
1900 21,338 77.5%
1910 24,472 14.7%
1920 24,818 1.4%
1930 25,047 0.9%
1940 27,807 11.0%
1950 29,206 5.0%
1960 32,655 11.8%
1970 32,412 −0.7%
1980 29,029 −10.4%
1990 34,604 19.2%
2000 38,543 11.4%
2010 38,520 −0.1%
Source: "".

State Census

Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Michigan denominations, view the Michigan Church Records wiki page.

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes



Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Michigan Land and Property for additional information about early Michigan land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the Chippewa County courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Chippewa County. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Michigan Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers

Luce CountyMackinac CountyOntarioMI CHIPPEWA.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Military Records

Civil War
Civil War service men from Chippewa County served in various regiments. Men often joined a regiment or a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are the military units that were formed in or had many men from Chippewa County.

Online Indexes and Records

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship


  • The Sault Evening News
    109 Arlington Street
    Sault Saint Marie, MI 49783
The Sault Evening News was founded 1901.


Other Records


Probate Records

In most counties in Michigan, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate packets, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

Online Indexes and Records

School Records

Social Security Records

Tax Records

Michigan tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information see the Wiki page, Michigan Taxation.

Vital Records

  • Birth Records and Death Records from 1867 can be obtained from the Michigan Department of Community Health or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.
  • Marriage Records from 1867 and Divorce Records from 1897 can be obtained from the County Clerk.





Research Facilities


Listed below are archives in Chippewa County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Michigan Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries


Listed below are libraries in Chippewa County. For state-wide library facilities, see Michigan Archives and Libraries.

Bayliss Public Library
541 Library Drive
Sault Sainte Marie, MI 49783
Phone: 906-632-9331


DeTour Passage Historical Museum
104 Elizabeth Street/PO Box 111
De Tour, MI 49725
Phone: 906-297-3404


Listed below are societies in Chippewa County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Michigan Societies.
Chippewa County Historical Society
115 Ashmund Street/PO Box 342
Sault Ste. Marie, MI 49783
Phone: 906-635-7082
Fax: 906-635-9280
Facebook Home Website

2018 Chippewa County Genealogical Society merged with Chippewa County Historical Society.

Pickford Area Historical Society
175 East Main Street/PO Box 572
Pickford, MI 49744
Phone: 906-647-2045

Bay Mills - Brimley Historical Research Society
6799 South M-221/PO Box 274
Brimley, MI 49715
Phone: 906-248-3665


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The usage of "Mormon" and "LDS" on this page is approved according to current policy.

Research Guides


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Michigan.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Chippewa County, Michigan" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, wikipedia
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Michigan.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Michigan.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Michigan.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Chippewa County, Michigan," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, wikipedia accessed 11 September 2019.