Difference between revisions of "England Gazetteers"

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A gazetteer is a dictionary of place-names. Gazetteers describe towns, villages, parishes, counties, rivers, mountains, population, and other geographical features. The place-names are usually in alphabetical order, similar to a dictionary.
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Gazetteers may also provide:
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== Online Gazetteers ==
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/research/places/?focusedId=267&searchTypeaheadInputText=england&text=england FamilySearch Places]
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/mapp/ FamilySearch Interactive Map] - type in England in the search box
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*[http://epns.nottingham.ac.uk Survey of English Place-Names], a county-by-county guide to the linguistic origins of England’s place-names – a project of the [[English Place-Name Society]], founded 1923.
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*[[England Jurisdictions 1851]]
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*[http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk A Vision of Britain through Time]
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*[http://search.ancestry.co.uk/search/db.aspx?dbid=7254 Gazetteer of England and Wales]'' at [[Ancestry.co.uk]], ($)
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*[https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/wilsgazengwales-1870/ The Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales, 1872] at [https://www.ancestry.com/ Ancestry], ($)
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*[[Topographical Dictionary of England]]
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*[https://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/index.jsp A Vision of Britain Through Time]
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*[https://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng Genuki]
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*[http://www.nearby.org.uk/gazetteer.cgi Nearby.org]
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*[http://freepages.rootsweb.com/~genmaps/genealogy/index.html Genmaps: Old Interesting Maps of Enland, Wales and Scotland]
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*World Gazetteers at [https://archive.org/search.php?query=World%20Gazetteer Archive.org]
  
* Distances from nearby places.
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== Print Only Gazetteers ==
* Different religious denominations.
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*''The Cambridge dictionary of English place-names : based on the collections of the English Place-Name Society''. 2004 by Victor Watts, John Insley and Margaret Gelling. Cambridge, England : Cambridge University Press. {{FHL|1223333|item|disp=FHL book 942 E5w}}
* Major manufacturing works.
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*''Gazetteer of the British Isles''. Reprint of 1943 edition. Edinburgh, Scotland: John Bartholomew and Sons, Ltd., 1966. (Family History Library book {{FHL|371920|title-id|disp=942 E5ba}}.BYU Harold B Lee Library book '''DA 640 .B23 1966''') This gazetteer lists and describes townships, chapelries, and parishes. [Note:  This publication does not provide names of the ancient parish in which small place-names lay within, such as townships, chapelries, ecclesiastical parishes, villages and hamlets.]
* Canals, docks, and railroad stations.
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*In addition to gazetteers, post office directories list places in a county and usually give the same type of information as gazetteers. For more information see [[England Directories]].
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*Smith, Frank. ''A Genealogical Gazetteer of England''. Baltimore, Maryland, USA: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1968. (Family History Library book {{FHL|42605|title-id|disp=942 E5g}}.BYU Harold B Lee Library book '''DA 640 .S46'''.). An abbreviated form of the above gazeetter.
  
Gazetteers are also helpful for determining the county jurisdictions used in the Family History Library Catalog.
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== Why Use Gazetteers ==
  
You can use a gazetteer to locate the places where your family lived and to determine the civil and church jurisdictions over those places. A sample gazetteer entry might be "Polesworth, a village and a parish in Atherstone district, Warwick. [It has] an Independent chapel, two Baptist chapels, and Church of England endowed schools."
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A gazetteer is a dictionary of place-names. Gazetteers list or describe towns and villages, parishes, states, populations, rivers and mountains, and other geographical features. They usually include only the names of places that existed at the time the gazetteer was published. Within a specific geographical area, the place-names are listed in alphabetical order, similar to a dictionary. You can use a gazetteer to locate the places where your family lived and to determine the civil and religious jurisdictions over those places.  
  
Many places in England have the same or similar names. A gazetteer can help you identify the place you are interested in and describe its location.
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There are many places within a country with similar or identical place-names. You will need to use a gazetteer to identify the specific town where your ancestor lived, the state the town was or is in, and the jurisdictions where records about the person was kept.
  
=== Finding Place-Names in the Family History Library Catalog ===
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=== Gazetteer Contents ===
  
The place-names used in the Locality Search of the Family History Library Catalog are the names and spellings used in:
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Gazetteers may also provide additional information about towns, such as:  
  
Wilson, John M. ''The Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales''. Six Volumes. Edinburgh, Scotland: A. Fullerton, 1870. (FHL book 942 E5i; films 897325–7; fiche 6020308–36.) This gazetteer lists place-names as they were in the 1860s and gives distances from other nearby places, names of the church denominations in the area, historical background, and civil district.
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*Different religious denominations
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*Schools, colleges, and universities
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*Major manufacturers, canals, docks, and railroad stations
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*The population size.
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*Boundaries of civil jurisdiction.
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*Ecclesiastical jurisdiction(s)
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*Longitude and latitude.
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*Distances and direction from other from cities.
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*Schools, colleges, and universities.
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*Denominations and number of churches.
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*Historical and biographical information on some individuals (usually high-ranking or famous individuals)
  
To find which county a town is filed under, you may type the city or parish in the Place Search of the computerized Family History Library Catalog. The computer will display a list of places with that name. With the microfiche version of the Family History Library Catalog, you may look at the "see" references on the first few microfiche of the country in the Place Search.
 
  
=== Modern Place-Names ===
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{{reflist}}
  
In 1974, England realigned its county boundaries and renamed many counties. More county boundary changes were made in 1996. For some research purposes, such as correspondence, you may need to identify modern county names for the area where your ancestors lived. Knowing the modern names is also helpful if you wish to find an ancestor’s town on a modern map. For a good atlas and gazetteer showing modern county names, refer to:
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{{Place|England}}
  
Mason, Oliver. ''Bartholomew Gazetteer of Places in Britain''. Edinburgh, Scotland: John Bartholomew & Son, 1986. (FHL book 942 E5bb 1986.) Places are in alphabetical order. The town descriptions in the gazetteer will tell you where to find each locality on the maps included in the book.
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[[Category:England Gazetteers and Place Names]]
 
 
=== Historical Place-Names ===
 
 
 
In addition to gazetteers, post office directories list places in a county and usually give the same type of information as gazetteers. For more information see the "[[England Directories|Directories]]" section of this outline.
 
 
 
The English Place Name Society has compiled studies of place-names for several counties in England. The Family History Library has the volumes which have been published. Most are indexed. They are listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:
 
 
 
ENGLAND, [COUNTY] - NAMES, GEOGRAPHICAL
 
 
 
Other helpful gazetteers are:
 
 
 
''Gazetteer of the British Isles''. Reprint of 1943 edition. Edinburgh, Scotland: John Bartholomew and Sons, Ltd., 1966. (FHL book 942 E5ba.) This gazetteer lists and describes townships, chapelries, and parishes.
 
 
 
Lewis, Samuel. ''Topographical Dictionary of England''. Four volumes. London, England: S. Lewis, 1831. (FHL book 942 E5l 1831; films 413519–22; fiche 6340019–34.) This gazetteer has historical and statistical descriptions of England’s counties, cities, boroughs, corporate and market towns, parishes, and townships. The library also has later editions of this set.
 
 
 
An abbreviated form of the above volumes is:
 
 
 
Smith, Frank. ''A Genealogical Gazetteer of England''. Baltimore, Maryland, USA: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1968. (FHL book 942 E5g.)
 
 
 
Gazetteers and similar place-name guides are found in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under one of the following:
 
 
 
ENGLAND - GAZETTEERS
 
 
 
ENGLAND, [COUNTY] - GAZETTEERS
 
 
 
=== Web Sites ===
 
 
 
http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/Gazetteers.html
 
 
 
http://www.nearby.org.uk/gazetteer.cgi
 
 
 
http://www.ukgenealogy.co.uk/favorites/gazetteers.html
 
 
 
[http://www.ukgenealogy.co.uk/favorites/gazetteers.html http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~genmaps/index.html<br />]
 

Latest revision as of 09:23, 27 March 2021

England Wiki Topics
Flag of England
Beginning Research
Record Types
England Background
Local Research Resources

Online Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Print Only Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

  • The Cambridge dictionary of English place-names : based on the collections of the English Place-Name Society. 2004 by Victor Watts, John Insley and Margaret Gelling. Cambridge, England : Cambridge University Press. FHL book 942 E5w
  • Gazetteer of the British Isles. Reprint of 1943 edition. Edinburgh, Scotland: John Bartholomew and Sons, Ltd., 1966. (Family History Library book 942 E5ba.BYU Harold B Lee Library book DA 640 .B23 1966) This gazetteer lists and describes townships, chapelries, and parishes. [Note: This publication does not provide names of the ancient parish in which small place-names lay within, such as townships, chapelries, ecclesiastical parishes, villages and hamlets.]
  • In addition to gazetteers, post office directories list places in a county and usually give the same type of information as gazetteers. For more information see England Directories.
  • Smith, Frank. A Genealogical Gazetteer of England. Baltimore, Maryland, USA: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1968. (Family History Library book 942 E5g.BYU Harold B Lee Library book DA 640 .S46.). An abbreviated form of the above gazeetter.

Why Use Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

A gazetteer is a dictionary of place-names. Gazetteers list or describe towns and villages, parishes, states, populations, rivers and mountains, and other geographical features. They usually include only the names of places that existed at the time the gazetteer was published. Within a specific geographical area, the place-names are listed in alphabetical order, similar to a dictionary. You can use a gazetteer to locate the places where your family lived and to determine the civil and religious jurisdictions over those places.

There are many places within a country with similar or identical place-names. You will need to use a gazetteer to identify the specific town where your ancestor lived, the state the town was or is in, and the jurisdictions where records about the person was kept.

Gazetteer Contents[edit | edit source]

Gazetteers may also provide additional information about towns, such as:

  • Different religious denominations
  • Schools, colleges, and universities
  • Major manufacturers, canals, docks, and railroad stations
  • The population size.
  • Boundaries of civil jurisdiction.
  • Ecclesiastical jurisdiction(s)
  • Longitude and latitude.
  • Distances and direction from other from cities.
  • Schools, colleges, and universities.
  • Denominations and number of churches.
  • Historical and biographical information on some individuals (usually high-ranking or famous individuals)