Open main menu

Estonia Population Registers - FamilySearch Historical Records

Revision as of 14:44, 4 January 2021 by SvareJM (talk | contribs) (Text replacement - "Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log." to "Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a [[Use_Appropriate_Forms#Prepare_a_Research_Log |researc...)


Access the Records
Estonia, Population Registers, 1918-1944
This article describes a collection of records at
Flag of Estonia.svg.png
Flag of the Republic of Estonia
LOC Estonia in Europe.jpg
Location of Estonia
Record Description
Record Type: Census
Collection years: 1918-1944
Languages: Estonian, German
Title in the Language: Eesti Rahvastikuregister
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
National Archives of Estonia

What is in This Collection?

These records made after the Russian Revolution through the end of World War II. It includes records of taxpayers, citizens, Jews, Germans, and prisoners of war. They include records such as inhabitant records and tax censuses.

The National Archive of Estonia is the center of archival administration in Estonia and a government agency in the domain of the State Chancellery, which includes Estonian Historical Archives, Estonian State Archives, Estonian Film Archives, and six regional Archives from Harju, Lääne, Lääne-Viru, Saare, Tartu and Valga. Records were created at the local level and later archived in the National Archive.

Most of these types of records are used as a secondary source when records for ancestors cannot be found in civil or church records.

For a list of records by date or locality currently published in this collection, select the Browse link from the collection landing page.

Image Visibility

Whenever possible FamilySearch makes images and indexes available for all users. However, rights to view these data are limited by contract and subject to change. Because of this there may be limitations on where and how images and indexes are available or who can see them. Please be aware some collections consist only of partial information indexed from the records and do not contain any images.

For additional information about image restrictions see Restrictions for Viewing Images in FamilySearch Historical Record Collections.

Reading These Records

These records are written in German, Russian and Estonian. For help reading these records see the following:

To Browse This Collection

You can browse through images in this collection using the waypoints on the Collection Browse Page for Estonia, Population Registers, 1918-1944.

What Can These Records Tell Me?

The information in these records usually include the following:

Population registers

  • Number in consecutive order
  • Registration date: month/day
  • Family name
  • Date of birth
  • Citizenship
  • Marital status
  • Occupation
  • Document that confirms where person lives
  • Reports on the performance of military duties
  • Origination place and date (year/month/day/where from)
  • Residence (village, farm, mansion, town and house)
  • Destination date and place
  • Comments

Tax censuses

  • Number in consecutive order
  • Tax payer (family first and last name)
  • Birth year
  • Residence place
  • Male
  • Female
  • Payment
  • Receipt #
  • Paid: Debt / Tax / Percent deferral / Total
  • Remaining debt
  • Retired
  • Comments

Collection Content

Sample Images

Coverage Table

Inhabitant Records

This collection contains inhabitant records for the following localities.

  • Aakre
  • Aaspere
  • Abja
  • Adavere
  • Ahja
  • Alatskivi
  • Albu
  • Alliku
  • Ambla
  • Anna
  • Aru
  • Asuküla
  • Auvere-Joala
  • Avanduse
  • Avinurme
  • Elva
  • Emmaste
  • Erra
  • Esna
  • Estonia
  • Häädemeeste
  • Haapsalu
  • Haaslava
  • Haljala
  • Härjanurme
  • Heimtali
  • Holstre
  • Iisaku
  • Illuka
  • Jäärja
  • Järvamaa (maakond)
  • Järve
  • Jôgeva
  • Jôgisoo
  • Jõgisoo
  • Jõhvi
  • Kaarli
  • Kaarma-Suuremôisa
  • Kabala
  • Kahkva
  • Kähri
  • Käina
  • Kallaste
  • Kalvi
  • Kapu
  • Karilatsi
  • Karksi
  • Kärstna
  • Käru
  • Karuse
  • Kihelkonna
  • Kihnu
  • Kilingi
  • Kilingi-Nõmme
  • Kirbla
  • Kirna
  • Kohtla
  • Koigi
  • Kokora
  • Kolavere
  • Kôlleste
  • Kolovere-Kalju
  • Konguta
  • Kôo
  • Koonga
  • Kõrgesaare
  • Kose
  • Krüüdneri
  • Kuksema
  • Kunda
  • Kunda and Malla
  • Kunda ja Malla
  • Kurista
  • Küti
  • Läänemaa
  • Läänemaa (maakond)
  • Laatre
  • Laeva
  • Lähtru
  • Laiksaare
  • Laimjala
  • Laiuse
  • Laius-Tähkvere
  • Lasva
  • Lehtse
  • Lelle
  • Liigvala
  • Loodi
  • Loona
  • Lüganuse
  • Luiste
  • Luke
  • Lümanda
  • Lustivere
  • Maasi
  • Mäetaguse
  • Maidla
  • Mäksa
  • Mäo
  • Martna
  • Massu
  • Meeri
  • Mustjala
  • Narva
  • Noarootsi
  • Nômmküla
  • Nõo
  • Olustvere
  • Orajõe
  • Oru
  • Paadremaa
  • Paasvere
  • Paatsalu
  • Pada
  • Paide
  • Paistu
  • Pajusi
  • Pala
  • Palivere
  • Palmse
  • Palupera
  • Päri
  • Pärnu
  • Pärsamaa
  • Pärsti
  • Passlepa
  • Petseri-Võru
  • Piirsalu
  • Polli
  • Pôltsamaa
  • Pöögle
  • Porkuni
  • Pornuse
  • Pühajärve
  • Pühalepa
  • Puiatu
  • Püssi
  • Puurmani
  • Rägavere
  • Raja
  • Rajangu
  • Rakvere
  • Ranna
  • Rasina
  • Reiu
  • Ridala
  • Riguldi
  • Riidaja
  • Roela
  • Rõngu
  • Rutikvere
  • Saaremaa (maakond)
  • Saksi
  • Salla
  • Säravere
  • Sauga
  • Saulepi
  • Seliste
  • Sinalepa
  • Sindi
  • Sômeru
  • Sooniste
  • Soosaare
  • Suislepa
  • Sürgavere
  • Sutlepa
  • Suure-Jaani
  • Suure-Kôpu
  • Taebla
  • Taevere
  • Tahkuranna
  • Tähtvere
  • Tali
  • Talli
  • Tammiste
  • Tapa
  • Tartu
  • Tarvastu
  • Timo
  • Toolmaa
  • Tori
  • Torma
  • Tõstamaa
  • Tudulinna
  • Tuhalaane
  • Türi
  • Unda
  • Undla
  • Uue-Antsla
  • Uue-Kariste
  • Uuemõisa
  • Uue-Pôltsamaa
  • Uue-Vôidu
  • Uulu
  • Uusna
  • Vaabina
  • Väätsa
  • Vahastu
  • Vaikna
  • Vaimastvere
  • Vaivara
  • Vakina
  • Valguta
  • Valjala
  • Vana-Antsla
  • Vana-Kariste
  • Vana-Koiola
  • Vana-Nursi
  • Vana-Pôltsamaa
  • Vana-Tänassilma
  • Vana-Vôidu
  • Vao
  • Varangu
  • Varbla
  • Varo
  • Vasknarva
  • Vastemõisa
  • Vastse-Kuuste
  • Velise
  • Veltsa
  • Venevere
  • Veriora
  • Vigala
  • Vihula
  • Viitina
  • Viljandi
  • Viru-Järva
  • Virumaa (maakond)
  • Vôhmuta
  • Vohnja
  • Voka
  • Võlla
  • Võnnu
  • Vôôpsu
  • Vormsi
  • Võrumaa (maakond)
  • Vôtikvere

Other Inhabitant Records

Place Family Lists Foreign artists and lecturers Foreigners Foreign office's certificates Index Military Naturalization applications Passports Persons who left the Estonian citizenship status Polish farmers Register of deported persons Reservists' account cards Russian embassies employees Swedish tourists voters Jewish Inhabitant Records Jewish Inhabitant Records, index
Estonia X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Püssi X
Reiu X
Tartu X X X

Other Records

This collection also contains additional records for these localities.

Place Apartment Registration Cards Balance of Payments Citizenship Lists Family Books German Inhabitant Records ID Registration Books Income Tax Lists Letter Exchanges Profit Budget Reports Revenue Offices Tax Census
Estonia X
Jäärja X
Narva X
Pärnu X X
Porkuni X
Rajangu X
Rajangu X
Reiu X
Tallinn X X
Tartu X
Tõstamaa X X
Võisiku X

How Do I Search This Collection?

View the Images

View images in this collection by visiting the Collection Browse Page:
  1. Select Place
  2. Select Record type
  3. Select Vol. number/letter, vol. begin-end year to view the images

How Do I Analyze the Results?

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.

What Do I Do Next?

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?

  • Add any new information to your records
  • Use the age in the citizen to find an approximate birth year to begin your search in church or civil records
  • Continue to search the records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have moved, been recruited or lived nearby. This can help you identify other generations of your family. Repeat this process for each new generation you identify
  • Compile the entries for every person who has the same surname; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual
  • Carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Save a copy of the image or transcribe the information. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details such as a title, an occupation, or land ownership *Add this new information to your records of each family. You should also look for leads to other records about your ancestors
  • Church Records often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900

I Can't Find the Person I'm Looking For, What Now?

  • Consult the Estonia Record Finder to find other records
  • Switch to a different record collection. Depending on the time period, either Civil Registration records or Church Records may be more useful
  • While searching, it is helpful to know such information as the ancestor’s given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence and age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as an ancestor and that the ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times
  • Keep in mind that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name
  • Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try variations of your ancestor’s name while searching the index or browsing through images. Pay special attention to how the name should have been pronounced and try variations on the pronunciation
  • Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names
  • Earlier records may not contain as much information as the records created after the late 1800
  • There is also some variation in the information given from one record to another

Research Helps

The following articles will help you in your research for your family in Estonia.

Citing This Collection

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation:
The citation for this collection can be found on the Collection Details Page in the section Citing this Collection.
Image Citation:
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Historical Records/Guidelines for Articles.