Gloucester, Gloucestershire Genealogy
Guide to Gloucester, Gloucestershire history, family history, and genealogy: parish registers, census records, birth records, marriage records, and death records.
History[edit | edit source]
Known anciently as Ancient British ‘Caer Glow’, Roman ‘Glevum’ or Saxon ‘Gloweceastra’; Gloucester has stood proud at the crossroads of history for more than 2000 years.
The actual city of Gloucester was founded in AD 97 by the Romans under Emperor Nerva as Colonia Glevum Nervensis as a fort on the western borders of England.
Due to its proximity to Wales, as well as its closeness to the River Severn, it has been an important frontier town defending England from Welsh incursions since before the Norman conquest. The origins of its name can be traced to Caerloyw in the modern Welsh.
Gloucester was captured by the Saxons in 577. Its situation on a navigable river, and the foundation in 681 of the abbey of St Peter by Æthelred, favored the growth of the town; and before the Norman Conquest of England, Gloucester was a borough governed by a port-reeve, with a castle which was frequently a royal residence.
It was at Gloucester that William the Conqueror ordered the vast survey of his new land that ended up as the Domesday Book.
Gloucester was granted its first charter in 1155 by King Henry II. The privileges of the borough were greatly extended by the charter of King John (1200), which gave freedom from toll throughout the kingdom and from pleading outside the borough.
In the Middle Ages the main export was wool which came from the local hilly area called the Cotswolds and was processed in Gloucester; other exports included leather and iron (tools and weapons).
In 1580 Gloucester was awarded the status of a port by Queen Elizabeth I. It has always had links to the sea through its access to the River Severn that flows into the Irish sea. The fact that the River Severn is navigable all the way north past Worcester, a distance of 140 miles.
Located almost exactly halfway between the bustling seaport of Bristol and the powerhouse of Midlands industry of Birmingham, Gloucester fulfilled a central role as Britain’s most inland port. Large sea-going vessels would bring their cargoes up to Gloucester where many would then be off loaded onto smaller crafts, such as the longboats, which would take the goods on up into the Midlands.
Resources[edit | edit source]
Cemeteries (Civil)[edit | edit source]
Gloucester Cemetery and Crematorium Address:
- Coney Hill Rd,
- Gloucester GL4 4PA
- +44 1452 396902
Following are websites that may also help:
Church Records[edit | edit source]
Parishes[edit | edit source]
The city of Gloucester is considered un-parished, and only one parish is now listed. It is Quedgeley. The following website provides listings of all Gloucestershire parishes:
Non Conformists[edit | edit source]
- Elim Christian Centre (Elim Pentecostal Church), Park End Road, Gloucester, GL1 5AN
- Redeemed Christian Church of God, Overcomers House Gloucester, Parry Hall, Parry Road, GL1 4RZ
- Redeemed Christian Church of God, Jesus Kingdom City, Worcester Street, Kingsholm, Gloucester, GL1 3AS
- Kingfisher Church, Moor Street, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, GL1 4NJ
- One Church Gloucester, Assemblies of God (AOG) Pentecostal Church, Off Baneberry Road Gloucester GL4 6NY
- City Church Gloucester, Newfrontiers, The George Whitefield Centre, 107 Great Western Road, Gloucester,GL1 3NF
- Gloucester Community Church, St Luke’s, Stroud Road, Gloucester, GL1 5JR
- Grange Baptist Church, Grange Road, Tuffley, Gloucester GL4 0PD
- Clearspring Church, Unit 6G Morelands Trading Estate, Bristol Road, Gloucester GL1 5RZ
- St Peter's Church, Gloucester
- St John's Methodist Church, Northgate Street, Gloucester GL1 2AN
- Southgate Evangelical Church, 146 Southgate Street, Gloucester GL1 2EX
- Brunswick Baptist Church, 52-56 Southgate Street, Gloucester GL1 2DR
In addition,the following are also to be found in Gloucester:
- The Roman Catholic Church
- The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter day Saints
- 6 Muslim Mosques
- 1 Buddhist Center
- 1 Hindu Temple
Civil Registration[edit | edit source]
Civil registration is the recording of births, marriages and deaths in England and began in 1837. Civil registration records were recorded at the local registration office and the National registration offices. If you cannot find the civil registration in one index, search the other index as they are different indexes.
Local Histories[edit | edit source]
Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]
Newspapers[edit | edit source]
Newspapers for Gloucester:
- Guide to Gloucestershire Newspapers
- Gloucester Citizen
- Map of Gloucester – Great Britain, Atlas and Index of Parish Registers on Ancestry.com (link to Ancestry); map originally from The Phillimore Atlas and Index of Parish Registers by Cecil R. Humphery Smith.
Occupations[edit | edit source]
The city of Gloucester has long been associated with the development of the Aerospace industry. However the British name 'Gloucester' proved to be difficult for International Business, so the name was shortened to GLOSTER. Specific achievements for the area were the development of the first UK jet, and turbojet. Aerospace is still a major occupation in the area.
Flour milling has been a major industry for centuries, the county being a prime source for wheat and other grain crops. Agriculture has always been a mainstay of the County.
In addition Gloucester has a number of large insurance companies. Other occupations include parts suppliers for the automotive industry, industrial electronics and metrology, construction, and nuclear power plant servicing.
Civil opportunities include the University of Gloucester, a major employer in the region, plus city and county employers such as the Gloucester City Council as well as the Gloucestershire County Council.
Societies[edit | edit source]
The website listed below will provide details on all associations that might be of interest for Family History.
The Gloucestershire Family History Society
Tel: 01452 524344
The Gloucestershire Family History Society
Archives[edit | edit source]
The Central Archives for the County of Gloucester are located in the city of Gloucester.
Clarence Row, Alvin Street
Telephone: 44 (0) 1452 425295
Another source for Archives is GENUKI:
Websites[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
Wikipedia contributors, "Gloucester, Gloucestershire" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gloucester, Gloucestershire accessed 5 - 9 September, 2016
Gloucester City Council, http://www.gloucester.gov.uk/ accessed 7 - 14 September 2016