Difference between revisions of "Hispanics in the Civil War"

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''[[United States of America|United States]]   [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]   [[United States Military Records|U.S. Military]]   [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]   [[United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865|U.S. Civil War, 1861 to 1865]]   [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] Hispanics in the Civil War''
#REDIRECT[[Cultural Groups in the American Civil War#Hispanics]]
[[Image:{{Julius Peter Garesche}}]]
=== Brief History  ===
Hispanics from various states and countries fought on both sides, Union and Confederate. In the Southeast, Hispanics mostly served in the Confederate military.<ref name="nps">National Park Service, [http://www.nps.gov/resources/story.htm?id=235 Hispanics in the Civil War], (accessed 10 April 2012).</ref> About 2500 fought for the Confederacy and about 1000 for the Union.&nbsp; However by the end of the war, 10,000 were in the military.<ref name="Wikipedia">Wikipedia contributors, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hispanics_in_the_American_Civil_War Hispanics in the American Civil War], (accessed 10 April 2012).</ref><br>
The highest levels of Hispanic participation occurred in the Southwest states and territories.<ref name="nps" /><br>
For additional information, see:
*The Wikipedia article, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hispanics_in_the_American_Civil_War Hispanics in the American Civil War]
*The National Park Service article, [http://www.nps.gov/resources/story.htm?id=235 Hispanics and the Civil War]
=== Confederate Military Units  ===
==== Alabama  ====
The Spanish Guards company was exclusively men of Spanish ancestry. It served as a home guard for the city of Mobile.<ref name="nps" />
The [[55th Regiment, Alabama Infantry Volunteers|55th Regiment, Alabama Infantry Volunteers]] had many Hispanic soldiers.<ref name="nps" />
==== Florida  ====
Florida's 2nd Infantry had many Hispanic soldiers.<ref name="nps" /> <br>
==== Louisiana  ====
New Orleans' European Brigade had nearly 800 Hispanics. This was a home guard of 4,500 to keep order and defend the city.<ref name="nps" />
The Louisiana Tigers were the brigades of Brigadier General Harry T. Hays's and Brigadier General William E. Starke. These brigades included&nbsp; Anglo and Creole Louisianans, "plus men from Spain, Cuba, Mexico, and other Latin American countries."<ref name="nps" /><br>
=== Union Military Units  ===
==== New York  ====
The [[39th Regiment, New York Infantry|39th Regiment, New York Infantry]], also known as the Garibaldi Guard, had a company of Spanish and Portuguese soldiers.<ref name="nps" /> This was Company D, also called The Spanish Company.<ref name="Wikipedia" />
==== New Mexico  ====
The New Mexico Volunteer Infantry had 157 Hispanic officers.<ref name="Wikipedia" />&nbsp; Union commander, Colonel Edward Canby met Confederate forces in New Mexico on February 21, 1862, with 3,800 troops, including 2,500 Hispanic soldiers of the New Mexico Volunteers and militia.<ref name="nps" /><br>
=== Sources  ===
*National Park Service, [http://www.nps.gov/resources/story.htm?id=235 Hispanics in the Civil War], gives the history of the Hispanics during the war as well as short biographies of several of the Hispanics involved.
=== References  ===
<references />

Latest revision as of 09:52, 12 May 2020