Hungary Personal Names
|Hungary Wiki Topics|
|Local Research Resources|
- 1 Online Tools
- 2 Surnames
- 3 Given Names
- 4 Bynames and Patronymics
- 5 For Further Reading
- 6 References
Understanding customs used in surnames and given names can help you identify your ancestors in records. Learn to recognize name variations and see clues in names.
- Behind the Name: Hungarian Surnames
- Behind the Name: Hungarian Given Names
- Hungarian Given Names (Wiktionary)
- Hungarian Personal Names (CIA)
Hungarian names usually consist of a single given name and a single surname (family name). The surname is used before the given name. For example:
SURNAME - Given Name
Given Name - Surname
|NAGY János||John Nagy|
|KOVÁCS Mária||Mary Smith|
On FamilySearch Family Tree if Hungarian is selected in a person name field, the name will be displayed in Hungarian order: surname before given name. Selecting German or English changes the display order. Enter the surname and given name in the relevant field and select the most appropriate language. The most appropriate language generally reflects the language community in which the person lived most of their life.
Surnames were usually derived from common sources such as trades, characteristics, ethnic origins, place names, etc.
|Occupation||SZABÓ Ferenc||Frank Taylor|
|Occupation||MOLNÁR Lajos||Louis Miller|
|Characteristic||KIS Mihály||Michael Little|
|Characteristic||FEHÉR Erzsébet||Elizabeth White|
|Origin||TÖRÖK Katalin||Catherine Turk|
A title of nobility is placed before the surname:
|gróf NAGY János||Count John Nagy|
In Hungary women keep their birth name throughout their life, married or not. There is no married name and maiden name in the sense familiar to Americans.
In Hungarian language certain family relationships are expressed by attaching a suffix to a given name. These suffixes are part of the grammar of the language, not naming conventions.
Suffix -fi, -fia, -fy, or fÿ
To refer to a man as his father's son, the suffix -fi or variant is attached to his father's given name. For example:
- Fodor Jákobfi, meaning Theodore, son of Jacob
- Domokos Bertoldfia, meaning Domokos, son of Bertold
- Miklós Oszkárfy, meaning Nicholas, son of Oscar
- Simon Vilmosfÿ, meaning Simon, son of Vilmos
The father's name with suffix attached may be used as a byname.
To refer to a married woman as her husband's wife, the suffix -né is attached to her husband's given name. For example:
|Klausenberger Ignáczné Bival Rosália||Rosália Bival, wife of Ignácz Klausenberger|
Although Nagy Jánosné resembles the American formal Mrs. John Nagy, use of -né is not a traditional Hungarian naming convention. Historical records naming Hungarian women in this American style are rare. Most prevalent are 19th century and early 20th century United States immigration records and, in recent decades, grave markers in Hungary. Example of this on a grave marker:
1914 – 1984
1914 – 1984
1923 – 2001
|Mrs. Lajos Nagy|
1923 – 2001
See more about "-né" on Wiktionary.
Second given names and religious names
- Hungarians do not commonly use second given names, nor their corresponding initials. While it is increasingly frequent that they are given one, they tend to choose one they prefer to use.
- When baptized, a child can get an additional name (baptismal name), especially if there is no saint who bears their name, so they take a name associated with a patron saint. In confirmation, children receive another given name, but it is not used. Both baptismal and confirmation names have religious significance only, and they are not on any official records.
Hungarians, like Swedes, also celebrate name days. Each day in the calendar has one or more designated personal names.
Bynames and Patronymics
As a rule, in Hungary bynames--including patronymic bynames-- did not enter use as surnames.
- Hungarians use a "byname" to help distinguish people with the same given names.
- The byname might be created from the father's given name (as a patronymic name) by attaching a suffix.
- Other bynames might be created from an occupation or even a physical description.
- The byname might be used within the village or town, but were not fixed surnames.
- Further, a person might be known by one byname in a town, and be called by a different byname when traveling (referring to where they are from.)
- Bynames were not hereditary.
For Further Reading
- Additional sources are listed in the FamilySearch Catalog: