Inverness-shire, Scotland Genealogy
|Inverness Wiki Topics|
|Local Research Resources|
Guide to Inverness-shire County ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.
Background[edit | edit source]
Inverness is an extensive county in the north of Scotland, bounded on the north by Ross-shire and the Moray Firth, on the east by the counties of Nairn, Elgin, Banff, and Aberdeen, on the south by Perthshire and the county of Argyll, and on the west by the Atlantic Ocean. It is about 90 miles in length and nearly 80 in extreme breadth, comprising an area of 7200 square miles or 4,608,000 acres, exclusive of the several islands attached to it.
The county was orginally the western portion of the ancient province of Moray and was inhabited by the Picts. The city of Inverness (the county town) may have been the residence of the Pictish kings.
The county contains 45 parishes and four districts/sub-sheriff courts of Inverness, Fort William, Skye, and Long Island. It also contains several villages.
The surface of the county is strikingly diversified by wild and lofty moutains interspersed with deep and narrow glens, and by numerous ridges of hills inclosing valleys of various width and aspect. The coast is indented with a variety of inlets from the sea, forming salt-water lochs. The county includes the Isle of Skye, part of Lewis, North and South Uist, Benbecula, Barra, Eigg, Eriskay, Bernera, and others of the Hebrides.
Lochs or lakes are a very important feature of the county, chief among them being Loch Ness, Loch Oich, and Loch Lochy, situated in the valley of Glenmore. Not more than one-twelfth of the land is under cultivation, the remainder being either covered with heath or in mountain pasture. The arable lands produce excellent crops of wheat, barley, oats, etc., and great quantities of potatoes are raised. Vast numbers of cattle and more so of sheep are raised. Swine and horses are also raised.
The whole county appears to have been at a remote period covered with woods, and there are still thousands of acres in woods. Slate is quarried and shipped, as is also granite. There are lead-ore works. The principal manufactures are hemp, thread, kelp, and bricks and tiles; there are bleaching and print fields, tanneries, breweries and distilleries. The rivers abound with salmon and there are valuable salmon-fisheries. There are also herring-fisheries. The great Caledonian canal intersects the county from north-east to south-west and connects the German and Atlantic Oceans. It provides navigation for ships and conveyance of produce.
Scotlands People: An Important Online Source[edit | edit source]
ScotlandsPeople is one of the largest online sources of original genealogical information. If you are researching UK genealogy, your Scottish ancestry or building your Scottish family tree, they have more than 100 million records to look through.
The comprehensive choice of Scottish records includes:
For more detail on record availability, see Guides. For the content guide to what records are on the site, see Guides A-Z. More information on the site, its contents, and instructions for using it can be found in the ScotlandsPeople Wiki article. Indexes may be searched for free, and there is a pay per view fee to see the digitized record.
Census[edit | edit source]
Many census records have been indexed by surname. Some indexes cover one parish (and will be listed in the Wiki on the parish page) and some indexes are for the county as a whole. The Family History Library has county-wide census placename indexes for Inverness-shires- for 1881. Click here for other census indexes available at the library.
- ScotlandsPeople, index, images, free index, pay per view ($)
- Scotland Census, 1841, no images. Also at MyHeritage, index, ($). Also at findmypast, index, ($). Also at Ancestry.com, index, ($).
- Scotland Census, 1851, no images. Also at MyHeritage, index, ($). Also at findmypast, index, ($). Also at Ancestry.com, index, ($).
- Scotland Census, 1861, no images. Also at , index, ($). Also at findmypast, index, ($). Also at Ancestry.com, index, ($).
- Scotland Census, 1871, no images. Also at findmypast, index, ($). Also at Ancestry.com, index, ($).
- Scotland Census, 1881, no images. Also at findmypast, index, ($). Also at Ancestry.com, index, ($).
- Scotland Census, 1891, no images. Also at findmypast, index, ($). Also at Ancestry.com, index, ($).
- Scotland Census, 1901 at FamilySearch — index.
- Scotland Census, 1901, index and images, ($). Also at findmypast, index, ($). Also at Ancestry.com, index, ($).
- Scotland Census, 1911, index and images, ($).
Church Records[edit | edit source]
- 1658-1919 - Scotland Church Records and Kirk Session Records, 1658-1919 at FamilySearch — index
- 1736-1990 - Scotland Presbyterian & Protestant Church Records, 1736-1990 at FamilySearch — index
Civil Registration or Statutory Registers[edit | edit source]
For details on information found in statutory registers and other methods of searching them, see Scotland Statutory Registers - Vital Records.
Parishes[edit | edit source]
Some of the Inverness-shire parish records are indexed in Inverness, Scotland, Extracted Parish Records.
- This database is a collection of historical parish registers from the county of Inverness in the country of Scotland. The records in this collection can range in date from the early 1500s to the mid- to late-1800s. The records include baptisms/christenings, burials, marriages, tombstone inscriptions, obituaries, tax lists, wills, and other miscellaneous types of records. Also included are some records from non-conformist churches. You will find interesting phonetic spelling. Some of the records may be in Latin or even a Welsh or Scottish dialect. Due to the nature of the records and because the records were originally compiled by a third party, it is difficult to absolutely verify the completeness and validity of the data.
Here is a list of the historic parishes for the county of Inverness. Click on the parish name to see information about records.
|Abernethy & Kincardine (formerly in Morayshire)||90a||Kilmonivaig||99|
|Abertarff -- see Boleskine||92||Kilmorack||100|
|Barra (Insular)||108||Kingussie & Insh||102|
|Boleskine (including Abertarff and Ft. Augustus)||92||Kirkhill||103|
|Canna -- see Small Isles||116||Moy & Dalarossie||105|
|Cromdale, Inverallan & Advie -- see Morayshire||128b||Muck -- see Small Isles||116|
|Croy & Dalcross||94||North Uist (Insular)||113|
|Dalarossie -- see Moy||105||Petty||106|
|Daviot and Dunlichty||95||Portree (Insular)||114|
|Dores||96a||Rothiemurchus -- see Duthil||96b|
|Duirinish (Insular)||110||Rum -- see Small Isles||116|
|Duthil & Rothiemurcas (formerly in Morayshire)||96b||St. Kilda -- see Harris||111|
|Eigg -- see Small Isles||116||Sleat (Insular)||115|
|Fort Augustus -- see Boleskine||92||Small Isles (Insular)||116|
|Glenmoriston -- see Urquhart||107||South Uist (Insular)||118|
|Harris (Insular)||111||Strath (Insular)||119|
|Insh -- see Kingussie||102||Urquhart & Glenmoriston||107|
|Inverallan -- see Cromdale||128b|
|Kilmallie -- see Argyllshire||520|
Directories[edit | edit source]
Courtesy of the National Library of Scotland, Post Office Directories are avilable online. The directories available for Inverness are:
1873-1912: These are available in either PDF format or viewable online. (Some years are missing)
Maps[edit | edit source]
Click here to see an outline map of the parishes of Inverness-shire.
Poorhouse Records[edit | edit source]
NOTE: Workhouses in Scotland were commonly known as poorhouses. For more information on Scottish poorhouses, go to the Scotland Poorhouses, Poor Law, Etc page.
There were three workhouses in this county:
A description with drawings and photos of the workhouses today along with databases of those living there from the 1881 Census are provided on the links above located on the site entitled The Workhouse: The story of an institution... which is owned and operated by Peter Higginbotham.
Societies[edit | edit source]
The Highland Archive Centre]
Tel: +44 (0)1463 256444
Lochaber Archive Centre
West Highland College
Carmichael Way, Fort William PH33 6FF
Tel: 01397 701942
Scottish Genealogy Society
15 Victoria Terrace
Phone-0131 220 3677
Lochaber & North Argyll Family History Group
c/o Alisdair Campbell
9 Victoria Road
Websites[edit | edit source]
- Genealogical Resource for the Hebridean Islands of Scotland ($) - http://www.hebridespeople.com/
References[edit | edit source]
- Samuel Lewis. Topographical Dictionary of Scotland, (London, England: S. Lewis and Co., 1846), 3 v.: 651, [FHL book 941 E5]. Digitized by FamilySearch International, FamilySearch.org, https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/216925?availability=Family%20History%20Library (accessed September 24, 2008).
- Samuel Lewis. "Ibris - Issay," in A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland, (London, 1846), 555-584. British History Online, http://www.british-history.ac.uk/topographical-dict/scotland/pp555-584 (accessed May 25, 2020).