Difference between revisions of "Michigan Mortality Schedules - FamilySearch Historical Records"

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== What is in This Collection? ==
 
== What is in This Collection? ==
 
The collection consists of an index and images of mortality schedules from Michigan. Mortality schedules only include individuals who died in the year preceding the federal census. Mortality schedules exist for the census years 1850, 1860, and 1880.  
 
The collection consists of an index and images of mortality schedules from Michigan. Mortality schedules only include individuals who died in the year preceding the federal census. Mortality schedules exist for the census years 1850, 1860, and 1880.  
  
 
Census enumerators requested information from the head of household about deaths that had occurred in the year prior to the census. In 1918 to 1919, the Bureau of the Census distributed the original schedules to states or to the National Library of the Daughters of the American Revolution when states were not interested. Mortality schedules list those deceased during the year prior to the census. This is a small percentage of the total population. At the time of the 1870 census, it was surmised that as many as one-third of all deaths were not reported. For instance, when a family was scattered by the death of the head of household, there was no one left to report it. In 1880 a supplemental report from attending physicians added 60,000 additional names to the schedules. In the absence of vital registration in many states, mortality schedules provided nationwide death statistics for one year of each decade, 1850–1880. According to the official statistical report for 1870, this was done to assess the death rate for age-groups, sex, race, nationality, and occupation and to “deduc[e] the effect of the various conditions of life upon the duration of life.” Census mortality schedules are usually accurate, but this accuracy depended on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator.
 
Census enumerators requested information from the head of household about deaths that had occurred in the year prior to the census. In 1918 to 1919, the Bureau of the Census distributed the original schedules to states or to the National Library of the Daughters of the American Revolution when states were not interested. Mortality schedules list those deceased during the year prior to the census. This is a small percentage of the total population. At the time of the 1870 census, it was surmised that as many as one-third of all deaths were not reported. For instance, when a family was scattered by the death of the head of household, there was no one left to report it. In 1880 a supplemental report from attending physicians added 60,000 additional names to the schedules. In the absence of vital registration in many states, mortality schedules provided nationwide death statistics for one year of each decade, 1850–1880. According to the official statistical report for 1870, this was done to assess the death rate for age-groups, sex, race, nationality, and occupation and to “deduc[e] the effect of the various conditions of life upon the duration of life.” Census mortality schedules are usually accurate, but this accuracy depended on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator.
 
 
=== Related Family History Library Holdings ===
 
=== Related Family History Library Holdings ===
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/3230 Ethel W. Williams and E. Gray Williams.''Michigan mortality record for year ending June 1, 1850.'' typescript images]
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/3230 Ethel W. Williams and E. Gray Williams.''Michigan mortality record for year ending June 1, 1850.'' typescript images]
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/2301280 Michigan, non-population census schedules, 1850-1880. Includes agriculture, industry, social statistics and mortality schedules]
 
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/2301280 Michigan, non-population census schedules, 1850-1880. Includes agriculture, industry, social statistics and mortality schedules]
 
 
=== Image Visibility ===
 
=== Image Visibility ===
 
{{Image Visibility}}
 
{{Image Visibility}}
 
 
== What Can These Records Tell Me? ==  
 
== What Can These Records Tell Me? ==  
 
Information in the records may vary by year but they usually contain the following:  
 
Information in the records may vary by year but they usually contain the following:  
 +
{{columns-list|2|
 
*Name, age, gender, and color of deceased  
 
*Name, age, gender, and color of deceased  
 
*Free person or slave  
 
*Free person or slave  
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*Length of residence in the United States (1880 Census only)  
 
*Length of residence in the United States (1880 Census only)  
 
*Father’s and mother’s birthplace (1880 Census only)
 
*Father’s and mother’s birthplace (1880 Census only)
 +
}}
 
== Collection Content ==
 
== Collection Content ==
 
=== Sample Images ===
 
=== Sample Images ===
 
<gallery>
 
<gallery>
Image:Illinois, Iowa, and Michigan Mortality Schedules (13-1144) Iowa 1850 DGS 7311070_19.jpg|1850
+
Image:Michigan Mortality Schedule 1850 DGS 4206507 img 25.jpg|1850
Image:Illinois, Iowa, and Michigan Mortality Schedules (13-1144) Iowa 1860 DGS 7311071_18.jpg|1860
+
Image:Michigan Mortality Schedule 1860 DGS 7310975 img 33.jpg|1860
Image:Illinois, Iowa, and Michigan Mortality Schedules (13-1144) Iowa 1870 DGS 7311072_29.jpg|1870
+
Image:Michigan Mortality Schedule 1870 DGS 7310987 img 34.jpg|1870
Image:Illinois, Iowa, and Michigan Mortality Schedules (13-1144) Iowa 1880 DGS 7311075_14.jpg|1880
+
Image:Michigan Mortality Schedule 1880 DGS 7270330 img 258.jpg|1880
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
 
 
*[https://www.archives.gov/files/research/genealogy/charts-forms/1850-1860-mortality.pdf NARA Sample 1850 and 1860 Federal Mortality Schedule]
 
*[https://www.archives.gov/files/research/genealogy/charts-forms/1850-1860-mortality.pdf NARA Sample 1850 and 1860 Federal Mortality Schedule]
 
*[https://www.archives.gov/files/research/genealogy/charts-forms/1870-mortality.pdf NARA Sample 1870 Federal Mortality Schedule]
 
*[https://www.archives.gov/files/research/genealogy/charts-forms/1870-mortality.pdf NARA Sample 1870 Federal Mortality Schedule]
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=== How Do I Analyze the Results? ===
 
=== How Do I Analyze the Results? ===
 
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a [[Use_Appropriate_Forms#Prepare_a_Research_Log |research log]].
 
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a [[Use_Appropriate_Forms#Prepare_a_Research_Log |research log]].
 
 
== What Do I Do Next?  ==
 
== What Do I Do Next?  ==
 
Mortality schedules are a national level file of state-by-state death registers. Using the death information, you can search for obituaries, mortuary records, cemeteries, and probate records, all of which may provide additional genealogical information. Mortality schedules also list ages and birthplaces for a time period when births were not reported.
 
Mortality schedules are a national level file of state-by-state death registers. Using the death information, you can search for obituaries, mortuary records, cemeteries, and probate records, all of which may provide additional genealogical information. Mortality schedules also list ages and birthplaces for a time period when births were not reported.
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*Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.  
 
*Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.  
 
*There is also the possibility that the individual was missed in the mortality schedule.
 
*There is also the possibility that the individual was missed in the mortality schedule.
 
 
=== Research Helps ===
 
=== Research Helps ===
 
The following articles will help you in your research for your family in the state of [[Michigan, United States Genealogy|Michigan]].
 
The following articles will help you in your research for your family in the state of [[Michigan, United States Genealogy|Michigan]].
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* [[Michigan Research Tips and Strategies|Research Tips and Strategies]]
 
* [[Michigan Research Tips and Strategies|Research Tips and Strategies]]
 
* [[Step-by-Step Michigan Research, 1880-Present|Step-by-Step Research]]
 
* [[Step-by-Step Michigan Research, 1880-Present|Step-by-Step Research]]
 
 
== Citing This Collection ==
 
== Citing This Collection ==
 
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
 
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
 
 
{{Collection_Published}}
 
{{Collection_Published}}
 
{{Record_Citation}}
 
{{Record_Citation}}
 
 
 
 
 
 
[[Category:Michigan_FamilySearch_Historical_Records]]
 
[[Category:Michigan_FamilySearch_Historical_Records]]
 
[[Category:NARA_Census Records]]
 
[[Category:NARA_Census Records]]

Latest revision as of 16:50, 28 April 2021

Access the Records
Michigan Mortality Schedules, 1850-1880
CID2632078
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{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Michigan, 
United States
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Flag of the United States of America
Flag of the United States (1848-1851).png
US Flag 1848-1851 (30 stars)
NARA logo circular black on white.jpg
National Archives and Records Administration Logo
Record Description
Record Type Mortality Schedules
Record Group RG 29: Records of the Bureau of the Census
Collection years 1850-1880
Microfilm Publication T1164. Nonpopulation census Schedules for Michigan, 1850-1880 (in the custody of the Michigan State Archives). 77 rolls.
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration


What is in This Collection?[edit | edit source]

The collection consists of an index and images of mortality schedules from Michigan. Mortality schedules only include individuals who died in the year preceding the federal census. Mortality schedules exist for the census years 1850, 1860, and 1880.

Census enumerators requested information from the head of household about deaths that had occurred in the year prior to the census. In 1918 to 1919, the Bureau of the Census distributed the original schedules to states or to the National Library of the Daughters of the American Revolution when states were not interested. Mortality schedules list those deceased during the year prior to the census. This is a small percentage of the total population. At the time of the 1870 census, it was surmised that as many as one-third of all deaths were not reported. For instance, when a family was scattered by the death of the head of household, there was no one left to report it. In 1880 a supplemental report from attending physicians added 60,000 additional names to the schedules. In the absence of vital registration in many states, mortality schedules provided nationwide death statistics for one year of each decade, 1850–1880. According to the official statistical report for 1870, this was done to assess the death rate for age-groups, sex, race, nationality, and occupation and to “deduc[e] the effect of the various conditions of life upon the duration of life.” Census mortality schedules are usually accurate, but this accuracy depended on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator.

Related Family History Library Holdings[edit | edit source]

Image Visibility[edit | edit source]

Whenever possible FamilySearch makes images and indexes available for all users. However, rights to view these data are limited by contract and subject to change. Because of this there may be limitations on where and how images and indexes are available or who can see them. Please be aware some collections consist only of partial information indexed from the records and do not contain any images. For additional information about image restrictions see Restrictions for Viewing Images in FamilySearch Historical Record Collections.

What Can These Records Tell Me?[edit | edit source]

Information in the records may vary by year but they usually contain the following:

  • Name, age, gender, and color of deceased
  • Free person or slave
  • Whether married or widowed
  • Birthplace (state, territory, or country)
  • Month in which death occurred
  • Occupation (profession or trade)
  • Cause of death
  • If parents were foreign born (1870 Census only)
  • Length of residence in the United States (1880 Census only)
  • Father’s and mother’s birthplace (1880 Census only)

Collection Content[edit | edit source]

Sample Images[edit | edit source]

How Do I Search This Collection?[edit | edit source]

Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:

  • The name of your ancestor
  • The place where your ancestor lived

Search the Index[edit | edit source]

Search by name on the Collection Details Page.
  1. Fill in the search boxes in the Search Collection section with the information you know
  2. Click Search to show possible matches

How Do I Analyze the Results?[edit | edit source]

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.

What Do I Do Next?[edit | edit source]

Mortality schedules are a national level file of state-by-state death registers. Using the death information, you can search for obituaries, mortuary records, cemeteries, and probate records, all of which may provide additional genealogical information. Mortality schedules also list ages and birthplaces for a time period when births were not reported.

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]

  • Use this information found in the mortality schedule to look for the family in census records
  • Use this information found in the mortality schedule to look for the family in church records
  • Use this information found in the mortality schedule to look for the family land records
  • Use this information found in the mortality schedule to look for the family military records
  • Use this information found in the mortality schedule to look for the family in additional county records

I Can't Find the Person I'm Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]

  • Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for nicknames and abbreviated names.
  • Look for an index. There are often indexes at the beginning of each volume. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records.
  • Search the indexes and records of nearby counties.
  • Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.
  • There is also the possibility that the individual was missed in the mortality schedule.

Research Helps[edit | edit source]

The following articles will help you in your research for your family in the state of Michigan.

Citing This Collection[edit | edit source]

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation:
The citation for this collection can be found on the Collection Details Page in the section Citing this Collection.
Record Citation:
When looking at a record, the citation can be viewed by clicking the drop-down arrow next to Document Information.